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L’évaluation de la mémoire rétrograde dans la population Québécoise âgée: Le PUB-40 et le PUB-12

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 May 2015

Roxane Langlois
Affiliation:
Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal
Sven Joubert
Affiliation:
Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal & CRIUGM
Sophie Benoit
Affiliation:
Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal
Valérie Dostie
Affiliation:
Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal & CRIUGM
Isabelle Rouleau*
Affiliation:
Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal
*
La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à: / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Isabelle Rouleau Département de Psychologie Université du Québec à Montréal C.P. 8888, succursale Centre-ville Montréal, QC H3C 3P8 (rouleau.isabelle@uqam.ca)

Abstract

Memory assessment represents an important part of the clinical neuropsychologist’s duties in a geriatric context. In fact, in Canada, about one-third of seniors report memory complaints, with different causes. Based on the underlying etiology, different components of memory may be affected in older adults. Nonautobiographical retrograde memory (public or semantic) is an important aspect of memory to assess; nevertheless, there is currently no reliable and standardized clinical tool to evaluate this aspect of memory in the elderly Quebecer population. The aims of this research were therefore: (1) to develop a protocol specifically aimed at assessing non-autobiographical retrograde memory in this population, the PUB-40; (2) to obtain reference data among 105 healthy subjects; and (3) to develop a short version based on the items which discriminated a group of 20 patients with amnestic Mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) from older healthy subjects.

Résumé

L’évaluation de la mémoire représente une partie importante du travail des neuropsychologues cliniciens œuvrant en gériatrie. En effet, au Canada, environ le tiers des aînés rapporte une plainte mnésique dont les causes sont variées. Selon l’étiologie, différentes composantes du système mnésique peuvent être atteintes; toutefois, l’évaluation de la mémoire rétrograde non autobiographique (publique ou sémantique) n’est souvent effectuée que de manière superficielle, puisqu’aucun outil d’évaluation fiable, valide et standardisé n’est disponible pour la population québécoise vieillissante. Les objectifs de cette recherche étaient donc (1) d’élaborer un protocole d’évaluation de la mémoire rétrograde non autobiographique spécifiquement adapté à cette population, le PUB-40, (2) de recueillir des données de référence auprès de 105 participants âgés sains et (3) de développer une version abrégée à partir des items permettant de discriminer un groupe de 20 patients atteints de troubles cognitifs légers de type amnésique (TCLa) des participants âgés sains.

Type
Canadian Institutes of Health Research–Institute of Aging: Profile/Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada–Institut du vieillissement : Profil
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 2015 

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