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La mémoire autobiographique à travers le parcours de vie: évaluation rétrospective du bonheur et de la vulnérabilité

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 August 2016

Nora Dasoki
Affiliation:
Pôle de recherche national LIVES, Université de Lausanne, Suisse
Davide Morselli
Affiliation:
Pôle de recherche national LIVES, Université de Lausanne, Suisse
Dario Spini
Affiliation:
Pôle de recherche national LIVES, Université de Lausanne, Suisse
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Our research is interested in understanding how the elderly evaluate their past, so the aims of this study are, first, to understand if there are age differences within the older population in terms of positivity effect, and second, to test if perception of happiness and vulnerability are two independent recall systems. To test our hypotheses, we used the Vivre / Leben / Vivere survey on a population of 65 years and older (n=4200), in Switzerland. Findings show that happiness depends on social and cultural norms, while there is an age effect for vulnerability. For happiness, there are no age differences, but this is not the case for vulnerability: the oldest age groups are less likely to report episodes of vulnerability during most of their lives.

Résumé

L’intérêt de cette recherche est de comprendre comment les personnes âgées évaluent rétrospectivement leur passé. D’une part, nous cherchons à savoir si, au sein de la population âgée, il existe des différences d’âge concernant l’effet de positivité. D’autre part, nous nous demandons si les perceptions de bonheur et de vulnérabilité liées à des souvenirs répondent à deux processus différents de rappel. Pour tester nos hypothèses, nous avons utilisé l’enquête Vivre / Leben / Vivere menée auprès d’individus de 65 ans et plus vivant en Suisse (n=4200). Les résultats montrent que le bonheur dépend des normes culturelles et sociales, alors que la vulnérabilité a un effet d’âge, confirmant l’indépendance de ces deux processus de rappel. Par ailleurs, pour le bonheur, il n’existe pas de différences d’âge, alors que c’est le cas pour la vulnérabilité: les groupes les plus âgés ont globalement moins de probabilité d’indiquer des moments de vulnérabilité pendant le parcours de vie.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association on Gerontology 2016 

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La mémoire autobiographique à travers le parcours de vie: évaluation rétrospective du bonheur et de la vulnérabilité
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