Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-568f69f84b-jtg5s Total loading time: 0.338 Render date: 2021-09-18T21:31:04.847Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Against Emotional Modularity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2020

Get access

Extract

How many emotions are there? Should we accept as overwhelming the evidence in favour of regarding emotions as emanating from a relatively small number of modules evolved efficiently to serve us in common life situations? Or can emotions, like colour, be organized in a space of two, three, or more dimensions defining a vast number of discriminable emotions, arranged on a continuum, on the model of the colour cone?

There is some evidence that certain emotions are specialized to facilitate certain response sequences, relatively encapsulated in their neurophysiological organization. These are natural facts. But nature, as Katherine Hepburn remarked to Humphrey Bogart, is what we were put in the world to rise above. I shall suggest that we can consider the question not merely from a scientific point of view, but from a political point of view. And so I will try to explain how to reconcile the evidence of emotional modularity - which, as some of the contributions to the present volume illustrate, is not devoid of a certain ambiguity - with a reasonable plea for an attitude of disapproval towards the rigidities of our taxonomy.

Type
1. Modularity and the Rationality of Emotions
Copyright
Copyright © The Authors 2006

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

J. H, Barkow, Cosmides, L., and Tooby, J.. [1992]1995. The Adapted Mind. Oxford: Oxford University.Press.Google Scholar
Boyd, R. 1999. Kinds, complexity and multiple realization: Comments on Millikan's “Historical Kinds and the Special Sciences.” Philosophical Studies 95: 6798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buller, D. 2005. Adapting Minds. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.Google Scholar
Buss, D. M. 2000. The evolution of happiness. American Psychologist 55(1): 1523.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Campbell, S. 1998. Interpreting the personal: Expression and the formation of feeling. Ithaca: Cornell University.Google Scholar
Carruthers, P. 2003. The mind is a system of modules shaped by natural selection. In Contemporary debates in the philosophy of science, ed. Hitchcock, C., 293311. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Carruthers, P. 2006. The Architecture of the mind. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charland, L. C. 2002. The natural kind status of emotion. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53(3): 511-37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
D’ Arms, J., and Jacobson, D.. 2000. The moralistic fallacy: On the ‘appropriateness' of emotion. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61: 6590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
D’ Arms, J., and Jacobson, D.. 2003. The significance of recalcitrant emotion (or quasi-judgmentalism). In Philosophy and the Emotions, ed. Hatzimoysis, A., 127-45. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Sousa, R. 2003. Paradoxical emotions. In Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality, ed. Stroud, S. and Tappolet, C.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
de Sousa, R. 2007. Why Think? Evolution and the Rational Mind. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Dugatkin, L. A. 2001. The Imitation Factor: Evolution Beyond the Gene. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
Dunbar, R.l.M. 1996. Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language. London: Faber and.Faber.Google Scholar
Ekman, P. 2003. Emotions Revealed: Recognizing Faces and Feelings to Improve Communication and Emotional Life. New York: Henry Holt.Google Scholar
Ekman, P., and Friesen, W.. 1975. Unmasking the Face: A Guide to Recognizing Emotions From Facial Expressions. Englewood Cliffs (NJ): Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Fausto-Sterling, A. 1993. The five sexes: Why male and female are not enough. The Sciences 33(2): 2025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fodor, J. 1983. The Modularity of Mind. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frijda, N. 1986. The emotions. Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction. Cambridge, Paris: Cambridge University Press, editions de la maison des sciences de l'homme.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. 2000. Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Griffiths, P. E. 1997. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories. Chicago: University of.Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahneman, D., and Tversky, A., ed. 2000. Choices, Values, and Frames. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
LeDoux, J. E. 2000. Emotion circuits in the brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience 23: 155-84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewontin, R. C. 1978. Adaptation. Scientific American 293: 156-69.Google Scholar
Machery, E. Forthcoming. Massive modularity and brain evolution. Philosophy of Science. http: I I www. pitt.edu I AFShome I m I a I machery I public I html I papers I Evolutionary%20Psychology%20and %20Brain%20E volu ti on_PSA_2006_machery.pdf.Google Scholar
MacLean, P. D. 1975. Sensory and perceptive factors in emotional functions of the triune brain. In Emotions: Their Parameters and Measurement, eds. Levi, L.. New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
Mayr, E. 1997. Behavior programs and evolutionary strategies. In Evolution and the Diversity of Life: Selected Essays, 694711. New York: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
Miller, W. 1997. The Anatomy of Disgust. Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Millikan, R. G. 1989. In defense of proper functions. Philosophy of Science 56: 288302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, C. 2005. The inequality taboo. Commentary September: 1322. Fully annotated version at http:/ /www.commentarymagazine.com/production I files I murray0905.html.Google Scholar
Nesse, R. M. 2006. Evolutionary explanations for moods and mood disorders. In American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Mood Disorders, ed. Stein, D. J., Kupfur, J. and Schatzberg, A. F.. Washington (D.C.): American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
Nussbaum, M. 1992. Love's Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University.Press.Google Scholar
Panksepp, J. 2001. The neuro-evolutionary cusp between emotions and cognitions implications for understanding consciousness and the emergence of a unified mind science. Evolution and Cognition 7(2): 141-63.Google Scholar
Schachter, S., and Singer, J.. 1962. Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional states. Psychological Review 69: 379-99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scherer, K. R. 1993. Studying emotion-antecedent appraisal process: An expert system approach. Cognition and Emotion 7(3-4): 325-55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scherer, K. R. 2005. What are emotions? And how can they be measured? Social Science Information 44(4): 695729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
K. R, Scherer, Schorr, A., and Johnstone, T., eds. 2001. Appraisal Processes in Emotion: Theory, Methods, Research. Oxford: Oxford University.Press.Google Scholar
Sober, E. 1984. The Nature of Selection. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.Google Scholar
Stanovich, K. 2004. The robot's rebellion: Finding meaning in the age of Darwin. Chicago: Chicago University.Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Storr, A. 1997. Why we don't like dog turds. Not even chocolate ones. Review of Miller, W. 1997. The Observer, London, April 13.Google Scholar
Wright, L. 1973. Functions. Philosophical Review 82: 139-68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Against Emotional Modularity
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Against Emotional Modularity
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Against Emotional Modularity
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *