Monoclonal antibodies have become an important treatment option for a number of serious conditions. Concerns have arisen about the potential association of these products with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). A list of monoclonal antibodies authorized for sale was derived from the Health Canada Drug Product Database. Case reports of PML after exposure to a monoclonal antibody authorized for use in Canada were retrieved by searching Canada Vigilance and WHO adverse event databases and through a Pub MED/Medline literature search. 182 adverse event case reports were retrieved (adalimumab -1 case, alemtuzumab-14, bevacizumab -3, cetuximab -1, efalizumab - 8, ibritumomab tiuxetan-5, infliximab-4, natalizumab-32, and rituximab-114). The Canadian Product Monographs for natalizumab and ritiximab contain box warnings for PML. A natalizumab registry has been established.