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P014: Palliative and end of life care education in Canadian emergency medicine residency programs: a national cross-sectional survey

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 May 2017

J. Baylis*
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
D.R. Harris
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
C. Chen
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
D.K. Ting
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
A. Kwan
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
K. Clark
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
D. Williscroft
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC
*Corresponding
*Corresponding authors

Abstract

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Introduction: Palliative care is a broad approach to care for patients with serious or life-threatening illnesses. This includes relief of symptoms, such as pain, that interfere with a patient’s quality of life. It therefore falls firmly within the realm of emergency medicine (EM). 94% of emergency physicians report a need for education in dealing with death and dying. Nevertheless, there are no generally agreed upon competencies for Canadian EM residents with regard to palliative care and end of life care in the emergency department (ED). We performed a cross-sectional study of Canadian EM residency programs to measure the existing curricula in palliative and end of life care. Our primary outcome was the prevalence of structured educational programs for palliative and end of life care. Methods: An e-survey was e-mailed to all program directors of both CCFP(EM) and EM post-graduate training programs countrywide, using FluidSurveysTM. It included questions regarding current palliative and end of life care curricula from formal rotations to seminars and online modules. The survey was developed in consultation with the author group including specialists in education, palliative care medicine, emergency medicine, and medical education. Hired translators were employed to include French speaking programs in Canada. This study had ethical approval: Interior Health REB and UBC CREB certificate 2016-17-026-H. Results: The survey was open from October 12th to December 19th, 2016. During that time, we received 26 responses including 5 French speaking programs, for a response rate of 72.2%. The primary outcome was present in 38.5% of programs. There was no difference between FRCP and CCFP(EM) programs in the occurrence of the primary outcome (p=1; Fisher’s Exact Text). However, CCFP(EM) program directors commented that many of their residents had completed palliative care rotations in their family medicine training. The largest barriers to education included time (84.6%), curriculum development (80.8%), and availability of instructors (50.0%). Conclusion: Our preliminary analysis shows that few Canadian post-graduate EM programs have a structured educational program pertaining to palliative and end of life care. Current barriers to education that can be addressed in future curricular initiatives include lack of time, curriculum development, and instructor availability.

Type
Poster Presentations
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians 2017 
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