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Two new species of Oobius (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and their phylogenetic relationship with other congeners from northeastern Asia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 April 2018

Yan-Xia Yao*
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, China State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China
Jian J. Duan
Affiliation:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service – Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Unit, Newark, Delaware, 19731, United States of America
Jason L. Mottern
Affiliation:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service – Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, 20705, United States of America United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Riverdale, Maryland, 20737, United States of America
Xiao-Yi Wang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, China State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China
Zhong-Qi Yang
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, China State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China
Leah S. Bauer
Affiliation:
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Lansing, Michigan, 48910, United States of America
Michael W. Gates
Affiliation:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service – Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, 20705, United States of America
*
1Corresponding author (e-mail: yaoyx@caf.ac.cn)

Abstract

Two new species of egg parasitoids, Oobius saimaensis Yao and Mottern new species and Oobius fleischeri Yao and Duan new species (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), are described from eggs of Agrilus fleischeri Obenberger, 1925 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Agrilus fleischeri is a phloem-feeding woodborer of poplar (Populus Linnaeus; Salicaceae) in northeastern China. These two species can be distinguished morphologically as O. fleischeri has five tarsomeres and O. saimaensis has four tarsomeres. Although O. saimaensis is morphologically similar to its sympatric congener O. agrili Zhang and Hang, 2005, an important natural enemy of the invasive emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, 1888, molecular phylogenetics and morphological data indicate that they are distinct species. Phylogenetic relationships among the new species and other closely related species are also inferred by using DNA sequence data from several ribosomal and mitochondrial genes. In addition, we expand the known distribution of Oobius primorskyensis Yao and Duan, 2016 to include South Korea.

Type
Systematics & Morphology
Copyright
© Entomological Society of Canada 2018. Parts of this are a work are that of the U.S. Government and therefore such parts are not subject to copyright protection in the United States 

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