Published online by Cambridge University Press: 21 December 2009
A few years ago, I published an article describing the negotiations between England and France which took place at Oye, not far from Calais, in the summer of 1439. These had not been adequately studied before, so that the identification of a French protocol describing events during part of the period covered by the negotiations seemed to make a short study desirable and worthwhile.
1 ‘The Anglo-French Negotiations, 1439’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, xl (1967), pp. 1–33.Google Scholar
2 The two other accounts of any length are to be found in G. du Fresne de Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII (Paris, 1885)Google Scholar, III, ch. iv; and in Marie-Rose Thielemans, Bourgogne et Angleterre. Relations politiques et économiques entre les Pays-Bas bourguignons et l'Angleterre, 1435–67 (Travaux de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Université Libre de Bruxelles, vol. xxx, Brussels, 1966), pp. 111 et seq.Google Scholar
3 Perroy, E., ‘France, England and Navarre from 1359 to 1364’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, xiii (1935–1936), p. 151.Google Scholar
4 ‘The issue at Arras  centred on the problem of the Crown of France’ (Dickinson, J. G., The Congress of Arras. A Study in Medieval Diplomacy (Oxford, 1955), P. 143).Google Scholar
5 See Allmand, C. T., ‘The Lancastrian Land Settlement in Normandy, 1417–50’, Economic History Review, Second Series, xxi (1968), pp. 461–79.Google Scholar
6 Nicolas, H., Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Council of England (London, 1835), v, 382–3.Google Scholar
7 See, for example, Stevenson, J., Letters and Papers illustrative of the Wars of the English in France (London, 1864), II, pt. ii, p. 726.Google Scholar
9 Some of the documents, as will be indicated in the footnotes, exist in more than one copy. Seventeenth-century translations of certain documents are to be found in (i) B.M., Lansdowne MS 223; (ii) Bodleian Library, Oxford, Bodley MS 710; (iii) Holkham Hall Library, MS 683.
10 Archivo General, Simancas, Estado Francia, K. 1711, fos. 489r–498v.
12 Valois, N., La Crise Religieuse du XVe siècle. Le Pape et le Concile (1418–1450) 2 vols. (Paris, 1909), I, p. xxviii, n. 1.Google Scholar
13 Delisle, L., Catalogue des Manuscrits des Fonds Libri et Barrois (Paris, 1888), pp. 244–50.Google Scholar
14 On Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, Geneva, MS. Latin 27, a fine collection of nearly eighty documents emanating from the Council of Basel, which probably came to the city of Geneva from Amadeus VIII, duke of Savoy (Pope Felix V), see Senebier, J., Catalogue raisonné des Manuscrits conservés dans la Bibliothèque de la Ville et République de Genève (Geneva, 1779), p. 83.Google Scholar
15 This document (Archivio Segreto Vaticano, Reg. Lat. 359, fos. 98r–98v) was not mentioned by Twemlow, J. A., Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland. Papal Letters, IX, 1431–47 (London, 1912), p. 3.Google Scholar
page 85 note a MS. et.
1 Documents nos. 1–9 are printed from Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS. Nouvelle acquisition française 6215, beginning on fo. 93v.
2 Isabelle of Portugal, duchess of Burgundy.
3 Henry, Cardinal Beaufort, bishop of Winchester.
4 Gravelines, Nord, arr. Dunkerque.
5 Regnault Girard, seigneur de Bazoges.
6 Robert Maillière acted as secretary to Louis, duke of Orléans; Charles, duke of Orléans; Charles VI and Charles VII (B.N., Pièces Originales, 1821/42035.)
page 86 note a This word is followed by journee, expunged.
page 86 note b MS. serons.
7 Cherbourg, Manche.
8 Touques, Calvados, arr. Lisieux, cant. Trouville-sur-Mer.
9 Mantes-la-Jolie, Yvelines.
10 Vernon, Eure, arr. Evreux.
11 Gisors, Eure, arr. Les Andelys.
page 87 note a This word is followed by pairea, struck out.
12 Guînes, Pas-de-Calais, arr. Calais.
page 88 note a This word is followed by partirons, expunged.
page 88 note b This word is followed by viconte, expunged.
page 88 note c MS. Donnne.
page 88 note d This number is followed by v, struck out.
page 88 note e This word is followed by v, struck out.
page 89 note a MS. vues.
13 Collar Pursuivant at this date was William Tyndale or Tendale.
page 90 note a MS. Brebent.
14 This long-awaited reply was the letter of Charles VII printed above. Henry VI's acceptance, printed by T. Rymer (Foedera, x, 718–19Google Scholar) from P.R.O., Treaty Roll, 17 Henry VI, m. 11, had been dispatched from Fulham on 4 March 1439.
page 91 note a MS. vous.
page 91 note b de la written above par, struck out.
page 91 note c MS. qui.
page 91 note c MS. delibraralement.
page 91 note e This word is followed by f, struck out.
15 On this messenger, Jean Viguier or Vignier, see G. du Fresne de Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, III (Paris, 1885), p. 104Google Scholar, n. 3 and p. 105, n. 1.
page 92 note a MS. donner.
page 92 note b MS. de Bourgogne.
16 Charles (ier), duke of Bourbon and Auvergne. He had attended the congress held at Arras in 1435, but probably never came to this convention.
17 Jean (II), duke of Alençon. He did not attend the convention.
18 Charles d'Anjou, count of Mortain and Maine. He never came to the convention.
19 Arthur of Brittany, constable of France. He was not present at the convention.
20 Philip of Artois, count of Eu. He did not attend the convention.
21 Bernard d'Armagnac, count of Pardiac and of La Marche. He was not present at the convention.
22 Louis of Bourbon, count of Vendôme.
23 Jean, created count of Dunois in the summer of 1439 (Cosneau, E., Le Connétable de Richemont (Paris, 1886), p. 297, n. 5)Google Scholar. He was commonly referred to as ‘Bâtard’.
24 Gilbert de la Fayette, marshal of France. He did not attend the convention.
25 Regnault de Chartres, archbishop of Rheims, chancellor of France, experienced in Anglo-French affairs.
26 Jean Rabateau, a president at the Parlement since 1436. He did not attend the convention.
page 93 note a This word is followed by C, struck out.
page 93 note b MS. doint.
page 93 note c MS. Brebant.
page 93 note d MS. a.
page 94 note a This word is followed by et eulx, probably copied in error from the next line.
page 95 note a This word is followed by s, struck out.
page 95 note b This word is followed by d, struck out.
page 96 note a le is repeated.
page 96 note b Some such word seems to be required.
page 96 note c MS de, followed by a blank.
page 96 note d MS. a.
28 This man cannot be identified with certainty. It is likely to be John Yong, merchant or grocer of London (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1436–41, pp. 339–40Google Scholar); but two others (spelled Yonge), one born in Lille, the other in Holland (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1429–36, pp. 539, 579Google Scholar) are also possibilities.
page 97 note a MS. Charles.
page 97 note b As it stands, the meaning of this passage does not seem clear. These two words, together with the ‘Vous’ in brackets, are suggested as helping to give some sense to the passage.
page 97 note c MS. vous.
page 97 note d MS. Jarretiem.
29 Sir John Sutton never attended the convention.
30 See Roskell, J. S., ‘Sir John Popham, knight banneret of Charlford, Speaker-elect in the Parliament of 1449–50’, Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society, xxi (1958), pp. 38–52.Google Scholar
31 For Stephen Wilton, see Emden, A. B., A Biographical Dictionary of Members of the University of Oxford from 1176 to 1500, iii (Oxford, 1959), 2053–4.Google Scholar
32 Garter King of Arms was William Bruges. See London, H. S., The Life of William Bruges, the first Garter King of Arms, ed. Wagner, A. R., Harleian Society, cxi and cxii (London, 1970).Google Scholar
page 98 note a MS. Barbant.
page 98 note b This word is followed by b, struck out.
page 98 note c MS. venir.
page 98 note d The first letter of this word is written over v.
33 Guillaume de Lalaing served the duke of Burgundy as bailiff of Hainault and stadholder of Holland.
34 Henri Utenhove was much engaged in Anglo-Burgundian negotiations during these years.
35 Gaultier de la Mandre, ducal secretary, provost of the church of Notre-Dame at Bruges.
page 99 note a MS. nous.
page 99 note b The first letter of this word is written over d.
page 99 note c MS. preparer.
page 100 note a MS. industriam.
page 100 note b MS. sollennez.
page 100 note c MS. duxe.
page 100 note d MS. parte.
page 100 note e MS. ambassatores.
page 100 note f MS. nuncii.
page 100 note g MS. nuncii.
page 100 note h This word is followed by ct.
page 100 note i MS. commissos.
This word is followed by nuncios, expunged.
page 101 note a This word is followed by a, struck out.
page 101 note b MS. presentement.
page 101 note c MS. quilz.
page 101 note d MS. ilz.
page 101 note e MS. que. The syntax of the following lines is not always clear, as some words seem to be missing. The meaning, however, is in no way obscured.
36 This may have been Thomas Isaak, described as armiger, who was one of the English ambassadors appointed to treat with the French on 22 May, 1441 (Rymer, , Foedera, x, 847).Google Scholar
37 Ardres, Pas-de-Calais, arr. Saint-Omer.
38 Fiennes, Pas-de-Calais, arr. Calais, cant. Guînes.
page 102 note a MS. nest.
page 102 note b MS. grever, with the final letter struck out.
page 102 note c This word is followed by de le, struck out.
page 102 note d MS. comme.
page 102 note e This word is followed by avec, struck out.
page 102 note f This word is written above du, struck out.
page 103 note a This word is followed by matierc, struck out.
page 103 note b MS. approuver.
page 103 note c MS. Item, se encore les commis nestoient contens de partie adverse contenuz de cedit lieu.…
page 103 note d This word is followed by lieu, struck out.
page 103 note e The syntax of this part of the sentence is not clear.
39 Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais.
page 104 note a The word order, which is very confused, has been re-arranged. The MS reads: … de ladicte marche le devoir ou il se sont mis pour prendre et eslire place, followed by en, struck out.
page 104 note b This word is followed by parties, expunged.
page 104 note c MS. dirent.
page 104 note d MS. deun, the e having been struck out.
page 104 note e MS. dieux.
page 104 note f MS. ce.
page 104 note g MS. convendra.
page 104 note h This word was added later, in the same hand, above loges.
page 104 note i MS. la.
43 Geneva, Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, MS. latin 27, No. 59 (original bull).
44 George de Ornós, bishop of Vich (Spain). He took part in the election of the anti-Pope, Felix V, who created him cardinal. He was later deprived by Eugenius IV.
45 Walram von Mörs never obtained the see of Utrecht.
46 Alexander, abbot of Vézelay (Yonne). His family name cannot be ascertained.
47 Nicolas Loiseleur, canon of Rouen, had taken part in the suspension of Eugenius IV in January 1438 (Allmand, C. T., ‘Normandy and the Council of Basel’, Speculum, xl (1965), pp. 11–12.).Google Scholar
48 Geneva, Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, MS. latin 27, No. 57 (original bull).
49 Archivio Segreto Vaticano, Reg. Vat. 359, fos 98r–98v.
50 Archivo General de Simancas, Estado Francia, K. 1711, fos, 489r–498v.
51 The feast of Corpus Christi.
52 Saint-Quentin, Aisne.
53 Jean Tudert, dean of Notre-Dame, Paris. He had been provided to the see of Châlons-sur-Marne in April, but was to die on 9 December 1439.
54 Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais.
55 Catherine, daughter of Charles VII (1428–46) liad been betrothed by proxy to Charles of Charolais, son of Philip of Burgundy, on 30 September 1438. The ambassadors bringing her to her husband entered Douai on 8 June 1439, the marriage, which was the occasion for great festivities, being solemnised at Saint-Omer some days later.
56 Jean Chevrot had become bishop of Tournai in 1436.
67 Jacques, seigneur de Crevecœur. He died in the course of the negotiations.
58 Hue de Lannoy, seigneur of Santes, a leading councillor to the duke of Burgundy and employed by him on negotiations with England, was noted for his pro-English sympathies.
59 These papers do not appear to have survived.
60 See above, p. 92, n. 25.
61 Jean d'Harcourt, archbishop of Narbonne, patriarch of Antioch and later of Alexandria.
62 Nicolas Rolin, chancellor to the duke of Burgundy.
63 This may be Guillaume Bellier, captain of Chinon, grand veneur to Charles VII in 1424 (Beaucourt, , Histoire de Charles VII, i, p. 350Google Scholar; ii, p. 569; iv, p. 411).
64 A Nicolas Le Bourgeois is mentioned as being secretary to the duke of Burgundy in 1466 (Archives du Nord, B. 20166/156, 035).
page 110 note a This word is followed by parte, struck out.
page 110 note b MS. les.
page 110 note c MS. communiquerent.
page 110 note d The manuscript has been holed in two places here.
65 The individuals in the original French request for safe-conducts numbered eleven.
66 Jean de Saveuse was first chamberlain to the duke of Orléans.
page 111 note a This word is followed by se, struck out.
67 Non contristemini, sicut ut ceteri, qui spem non habent (I Thess. 4, 13).
page 112 note a This word is followed by etc, struck out.
page 112 note b 4 July 1439 fell, in fact, on a Saturday.
page 112 note c Written in the margin.
68 Agnes of Cleves, princess of Navarre, niece of the duchess Isabelle.
69 John Kemp, archbishop of York, had great experience of French affairs, and in all probability favoured a positive approach to the negotiations. He was appointed a cardinal by Eugenius IV in December 1439.
page 114 note a Written in the margin.
70 Adam de Cambrai had been appointed first president of the Parlement of Paris in 1436, having previously served in the Parlement of Poitiers. He was in Paris during the summer of 1439 (Paris, Archives Nationales, X1a 4798 passim).
page 115 note a le repeated.
page 115 note b In the margin: Protestaciones.
page 115 note c The brevity of the reporting, and the use of etc., somewhat obscures the precise meaning of the protestations, and especially of the third one.
page 115 note d Written in the margin. The word prima is followed by p, expunged.
page 115 note e Written in the margin.
page 116 note a Written in the margin.
page 116 note b Written in the margin.
page 116 note c This word is followed by j, struck out.
page 116 note d The manuscript is damaged at this point.
page 116 note e Supplied conjecturally.
page 116 note f MS. apparently comminitez.
page 117 note a Written in the margin.
page 117 note b Written in the margin.
page 118 note a This word is followed by ainsi quil seroit advisie, struck out.
page 118 note b These three words are repeated.
page 119 note a Written in the margin.
page 119 note b MS aupres, the first two letters having been struck out.
page 119 note c The MS has what appears to be detire.
page 120 note a Written in the margin.
page 120 note b MS. recite.
71 The deception was at least partially successful, as Bekynton refers to the proposals as being the work of the duke of Orléans and the duchess Isabelle (Proceedings of the Privy Council, v, p. 367Google Scholar).
page 121 note a The last sentence was added later, in a smaller hand. The text referred to is given below, No. 14.
page 121 note b This word is followed by lesdis cardinal, struck out.
page 122 note a This word is followed by vingt, struck out.
page 122 note b This word was inserted later.
page 122 note c Written in the margin.
page 123 note a This word was probably added later, but in the same hand.
page 122 note b This word is written above the word paix, after a letter d, struck out.
page 122 note c We do not have the contents of this paper.
page 122 note d The ending of this word is lost in the binding.
72 Caen, Calvados.
73 Avranches, Manche.
page 124 note a The manuscript has been holed since the time of writing.
page 124 note b The manuscript reads Poictou. That Ponthieu was intended is clear from No. 15 below.
page 124 note c Written in the margin.
page 124 note d This word is repeated.
page 125 note a Written in the margin.
page 125 note b For the text of these proposals, see no. 19, below.
page 126 note a Supplied from B ana N.
page 126 note b MS. suffisant. This reading supplied from B (and N).
74 This text exists in a number of contemporary copies: Sir Harris Nicolas used two in the British Museum (Harley MSS 861 and 4763) in publishing Bekynton's journal (PPC, v, pp. 367–9Google Scholar, to be referred to as N); another version is to be found in Dom Urbain Plancher's Histoire générale et particulière de Bourgogne, iv (Dijon, 1781), pièce justificative CXXXII; another copy is in the Bodleian Library, Bodley MS 885 (to be referred to as B). The text published here is Simancas, MS. K. 1711, fo. 499r; it is superior in a number of points which are indicated in the notes.
page 127 note a Supplied from N, from Harley MS. 4763.
page 127 note b Supplied from B and N.
page 127 note c Supplied from B and N.
page 127 note d The passage de ressort … recongnoissance is also found in B, bul is omitted from N and from Plancher.
page 127 note e daccord, B and N.
page 127 note f maintenant, B and N.
page 127 note g entendra, B and N. In this, as in (f), the suggested reading makes more sense.
page 128 note a This word is followed by a le, struck out.
page 128 note b Supplied from B and N.
page 128 note c N has treues in place of trente.
page 128 note d et de renuncier a la guerre, B: et renuncier a la guerre, N. While both these readings seem to make sense, the one printed here, granted the content of this paper and of the close proximity of the words choix et election, appears more appropriate.
75 A version of this declaration, lacking a central passage of several lines, was published by Nicolas (PPC, v, p. 372Google Scholar); a similar version is in Bodley MS. 885. The text here printed is in Simancas, K. 1711, fo. 499v; it is in the same ink, and probably in the same hand, as document No. 14, both being intended to accompany the French protocol found in this manuscript (No. 13). The date is derived from the text's position in Bekynton's protocol.
page 129 note a The passage de omnibus … devolveretur pertinebant is omitted in B and N.
76 i.e., of the Basques.
77 Montreuil-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais.
78 Beaufort-en-Vallée, Maine-et-Loire, arr. Angers.
79 Nogent-le-Rotrou, Eure-et-Loir.
80 B.N., Nouv. Acq. fr. 6215, fo. 74r. This list was drawn up by the English, probably during the course of the negotiations.
page 130 note a MS. crastrum.
81 Meaux, Seine-et-Marne.
82 Creil, Oise, arr. Senlis.
83 Pontoise, Val-d'Oise.
84 Mantes-la-Jolie, Yvelines.
85 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines.
86 La Roche-Guyon, Val-d'Oise, arr. Pontoise, cant. Magny-en-Vexin.
87 Vigny, Val-d'Oise, arr. Pontoise.
88 Gerberoy, Oise, arr. Beauvais, cant. Songeons.
89 Bellême, Orne, arr. Mortagne-au-Perche.
90 Le Crotoy, Somme, arr. Abbeville, cant. Rue.
91 Longny-au-Perche, Orne, arr. Mortagne-au-Perche.
92 Fresnay-sur-Sarthe, Sarthe, arr. Mamers.
93 Clinchamps, Orne, arr. Mortagne-au-Perche, cant. Belleme, comm. Chemilli.
94 Le Mans, Sarthe.
95 Sainte-Suzanne, Mayenne, arr. Laval.
96 Mayenne, Mayenne.
97 Beaumont-le-Roger, Eure, arr. Bernay.
98 La Guierche, Sarthe, arr. Le Mans, cant. Ballon.
99 Alençon, Orne.
100 Mortain, Manche, arr. Avranches.
page 131 note a MS. Anglice.
page 131 note b MS. Sauguernon.
101 Harcourt, Eure, arr. Bernay, cant. Brionne.
102 Eu, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
103 Longueville, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
104 Aumale, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
105 Tancarville, Seine-Maritime, arr. Le Havre, cant. Saint-Martin-de-Colbosc.
106 Maulevrier, Seine-Maritime, arr. Rouen, cant. Caudebec-en-Caux.
107 B.N., Nouv. acq. fr. 6215, fo. 74V.
108 Rouen, Seine-Maritime.
109 Auvilliers, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe, cant. Neufchâtel.
110 Fauguernon, Calvados, cant. Lisieux.
111 ? Broglic, Eure, arr. Bernay.
112 Thibouville, Eure, arr. Bernay, cant. Beaumont-le-Roger.
113 Rugles, Eure, arr. Evreux.
114 ? Pont-St. Pierre, Eure, arr. Les Andelys, cant. Fleury-sur-Andelle.
115 Caen, Calvados.
116 Creully, Calvados, arr. Caen.
117 Merville, Calvados, arr. Caen, cant. Troarn.
118 Thury-Harcourt, Calvados, arr. Caen.
119 Courcy, Calvados, arr. Caen, cant. Morteaux-Couliboeuf.
120 Torigni-sur-Vire, Manche, arr. St. Lô.
121 ? Saint-Georges d'Aunay, Calvados, arr. Vire, cant. Aunay-sur-Odon.
122 Evreux, Kure.
123 Beaumesnil, Eure, arr. Berna.
124 Gisors, Eure, arr. Les Andelys.
125 Dangu, Eure, arr. Les Andelys, cant. Gisors.
126 Domfront, Orne, arr. Alençon.
127 Argentan, Orne, arr. Argentan.
128 Exmes, Orne, arr. Argentan.
129 Essay, Orne, arr. Alençon, cant. Le Mêle-sur-Sarthe.
130 ? Chambois, Orne, arr. Argentan.
131 Verneuil, Eure, arr. Evreux.
132 Gacé, Orne, arr. Argentan.
133 Coutances, Manche.
134 Saint-Sauveur-le-Viconte, Manche, arr. Cherbourg.
135 Beuzeville-la-Bastille, Manche, arr. Cherbourg, cant. Ste-Mère-l'Église.
136 Le Hommet-d'Arthenay, Manche, arr. St. Lô, cant. St.-Jean-de-Daye.
137 pirou, Manche, arr. Coutances, cant. Lessay.
138 Bricquebec, Manche, arr. Cherbourg.
139 Chanteloup, Manche, arr. Coutances, cant. Bréhal.
140 Hambye, Manche, arr. Coutances, cant. Gavray.
141 La Haye-du-Puits, Manche, arr. Coutances.
142 Laulne, Manche, arr. Coutances, cant. Lessay.
143 Condé-sur-Noireau, Calvados, arr. Vire.
145 Lillebonne, Seine-Maritime, arr. Le Havre.
146 Saint-Martin-du-Bec, Seine-Maritime, arr. Le Havre.
147 ? Grainville-Ymanville, Seine-Maritime, arr. Le Havre, cant. Goderville.
148 ? Anneville-sur-Scie, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe, cant. Longueville.
149 Longueville, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
150 Bellencombre, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
page 133 note a Written in the margin.
page 133 note b MS. quilz.
page 133 note c MS. Truques.
page 133 note d Written in the margin.
page 133 note e Written in the margin.
151 B.N. Nouv Acq. fr. 6215, starting at fo. 74v.
152 See the following document (No. 19) for the slight concession recommended by the duke of Orléans and the duchess of Burgundy on this point.
page 134 note a Written in the margin.
page 134 note b Written in the margin.
page 134 note c Written in the margin.
page 135 note a Supplied from B.
page 135 note b Supplied from B, F, and W.
page 135 note c Supplied f rom B and F.
page 135 note d Supplied from F.
page 135 note e MS. veuues.
153 This document exists in two printed editions: (i) PPC, v, pp. 378–82Google Scholar (cited as N); (ii) Plancher, Histoire générale, iv, pièce justificative CXXXIII. In addition, a number of manuscript copies survive, including (i) Bodley MS. 885, fos. 88V–9IV (B); (ii) Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 506, fos. 51–5 [William Worcester's collection, not used by J. Stevenson in compiling Letters and Papers illustrative of the Wars of the English in France] (W); (iii) B.N. Nouv. Acq. fr. 6524, fos. 148–51v (F); (iv) B.N. Nouv. Acq. fr. 6215, fos. 68v–70v. This is the text published here, use being made of the others to provide as complete a text as possible.
page 136 note a MS. sucreance.
page 136 note b Supplied from W.
page 136 note c Supplied from F and W.
page 136 note d Supplied from B and F.
page 136 note e et, W
page 136 note f Supplied from F; confirmed by B and N.
page 136 note g Supplied from B, F, N and W.
page 136 note h Supplied from F and W.
page 136 note i The MS. reads Item, which may be a misreading for et en. A seventeenth-century translation of this text (British Museum, Lansdowne MS. 223, fo. 89v) reads and.
page 136 note j Supplied from F, B, W and N.
page 136 note k This word added later in the same hand.
page 137 note a Supplied from F.
page 137 note b MS. Item.
page 137 note c Supplied from F and W.
page 137 note d Supplied from F, B, and W.
page 137 note e Supplied from F and W.
page 137 note f Supplied from F.
page 137 note g Supplied from W.
page 137 note h Supplied from F.
page 137 note i Supplied from F.
page 137 note j et paix, F and W.
page 137 note k This word is followed by t, struck out.
154 Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, arr. Melun.
page 138 note a Supplied from F, B and W.
page 138 note b Supplied from F.
page 138 note c Supplied from W.
page 138 note d Supplied from F.
page 138 note e Supplied from F and W.
page 138 note f Supplied from F, B and W.
page 138 note g Supplied from B.
page 138 note h Supplied from F, B and W.
page 138 note i MS. de
page 138 note j Supplied from F and W.
page 138 note k Supplied from F; confirmed by N.
page 138 note l dicelles et des terres a eulx appartenant, W.
page 138 note m Supplied from F, B and W.
page 138 note n Supplied from F.
page 138 note o Supplied from F.
155 See the lists of places given in Nos. 16 and 17, above.
page 139 note a Supplied from B.
page 139 note b Supphed from B.
page 139 note c Supplied from F and B.
page 139 note d de in all MSS.
page 139 note e Supplied from F.
page 139 note f Written over vi.
page 139 note g Supplied from W.
page 139 note h Supplied from B and F; MS. reads les parties et ambassadeurs.
page 139 note i In W, this paragraph (as far as comme dessus) is included in the preceding paragraph, being placed before the dates.
page 139 note j temps, F and W.
page 139 note k Supplied from F.
156 Jean de Rinel was Henry VI's chief French secretary at this time.
page 140 note a MS. quieter.
page 140 note b The i appears to have been added later.
157 B.N. Nouv. Acq. fr. 6215, starting at fo. 75v.
page 141 note a MS. a.
page 142 note a MS. monuchal. The word provided probably preserves the sense intended.
page 142 note b MS. appartendra.
page 144 note a qui dit is repeated.
page 144 note b MS. ses.
page 144 note c MS. ce.
158 Meaux was to fall to the French in August 1439.
161 ? Aumale, Seine-Maritime, arr. Dieppe.
page 145 note a MS. desirer.
page 145 note b MS. advisee.
page 145 note c MS. pou.
page 147 note a se interlined.
162 Bodleian Library, Oxford, Bodley MS. 885. fo. 94r–94v.
163 Psal. 11, 6.