Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-pfhbr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-14T17:23:13.690Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Ethical Issues and Transplantation Technology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 December 2009

David C. Thomasma
Affiliation:
Director of the Medical Humanities Program, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois

Extract

Not that long ago, any thought of transferring body parts, or fluids like blood, among individuals was expressed in terms of a nightmare. Consider the problem of involuntary blood transfusions to Count Dracula! Or recall the infamous brain transplant to the brutish body under Dr. Frankenstein's ministrations. The very thought of bodily transference stimulated writers to create monsters. The stuff of evil seemed to surround any attempt. Hubris was considered the evil that exceeded the normal limits of scientific research and development. Transplantation seemed to make humans into gods who defied death but who, like Icarus and his wax wings, flew too close to the sun.

Type
Special Section: Organ Ethics
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Notes

1. Booth, W.Genetic therapy OK'd for cancer use. Sun-Times 1990 No. 14:26.Google Scholar

2. Childress, JF.The gift of life: ethical problems and policies in obtaining and distributing organs for transplantation. Critical Care Clinics 1986;2(1):133–48.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

3. F., MaierA second chance at life. Newsweek 1988 Sept. 12:52–5, 57, 59, 61.Google Scholar

4. Maier, F.A final gift. Ladies Home Journal 1990 Mar.:102–11.Google Scholar

5. Singer, PA, Lantos, JD, Whitington, PF, et al. Equipoise and the ethics of segmental liver transplantation. Clinical Research 1988:539–45.Google ScholarPubMed

6. Corry, RJ, Mendez, R, Friedlaender, GE, et al. Organ allocation [set of six papers.]. Transplantation Proceedings 1988;20(Suppl. 1):1011–32.Google Scholar

7. Lauerman, C.Life after transplant. Chicago Tribune Magazine 1987 May 24:1011.Google Scholar

8. Starzl, TE, et al. A multifactorial system for equitable selection of cadaver kidney recipients. Journal of the American Medical Association 1987;257:3073–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

9. Turcote, JG, Hakala, TR, Tzakis, A.Patient selection criteria in organ transplantation: the critical questions [Set of 19 articles, commentaries, etc.]. Transplantation Proceedings 1989;21:3377–445.Google Scholar

10. Lauerman, , loc. cit.Google Scholar

11. Kamm, FM.The report of the U.S. Task Force on Organ Transplantation: criticisms and alternatives. Mt. Sinai Journal of Medicine 1989;56:207–20.Google ScholarPubMed

12. Daniels, N. Justice and the dissemination of “big ticket” technologies. In. Matthieu, D, ed. Organ Substitution Technology: Ethical, Legal, and Public Policy Issues. Boulder, Colorado:Westview Press, 1988:211–20.Google Scholar

13. Jonsen, A. Ethical issues in organ transplantation.. In. Veatch, RM, ed. Medical Ethics. Boston:Jones and Bartlett, 1989:229–52.Google ScholarPubMed

14. Hansmann, H.The economics and ethics of markets for human organs. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1989;14:5785.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

15. Childress, J.Ethical criteria for procuring and distributing organs for transplantation. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1989;14:87113.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

16. Elliot, D, Fitz, B.A Case of Need. [Video program on media coverage and organ transplants.] Boston:Fanlight Productions.Google Scholar

17. Hansmann, , op. cit.Google Scholar

18. Cowan, DH, Kantorowitz, JA, Moskowitz, J, et al. , eds. Human Organ Transplantation: Societal, Medical-Legal, Regulatory, and Reimbursement Issues. Ann Arbor, Michigan:Health Administration Press, in cooperation with the American Society of Law … Medicine, 1987.Google Scholar

19. Wolinsky, H.2nd living-donor liver patient dies. Chicago Sun-Times 1990 Nov. 20:26.Google Scholar

20. Cotton, RD, Sandler, AL.The regulation of organ procurement and transplantation in the United States. Journal of Legal Medicine 1986;7:5584.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

21. Sorenson, JH. The determination of dealth: the need for a higher-brain death concept. In. Monagle, JF, Thomasma, DC, eds. Medical Ethics: A Guide for Health Professionals. Rockville, Maryland:Aspen Publishers, 1988:234–48.Google Scholar

22. Ivan, LP.The persistant vegetative state. Transplantation Proceedings 1990;22:993–4.Google Scholar

23. Downie, J.The biology of the persistent vegetative state: legal, ethical, and philosophical implications for transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 1990;22:995–6.Google ScholarPubMed

24. Keatings, M.The biology of the persistent vegetative state, legal and ethical implications for transplantation: viewpoints from nursings. Transplantation Proceedings 1990;22:997–9.Google Scholar

25. Hamilton, D., Mom, 43, having baby to aid dying daughter. Chicago Sun-Times 1990 Feb. 16:1.Google Scholar

26. Annas, GJ.Siamese twins: killing one to save the other. Hastings Center Report 1987;17(2):27–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

27. Rosner, F, Risemberg, HM, Bennett, AJ.The anencephalic fetus and newborn as organ donors. New York State Journal of Medicine 1988;88:360–6.Google ScholarPubMed

28. Caplan, AL.Should foetuses or infants be utilized as organ donors?. Bioethics 1987;1:119–40.Google ScholarPubMed

29. Gillon, R.Ethics of fetal brain cell transplants. British Medical Journal 1988;296(6631):1212–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

30. Fine, I.The ethics of fetal tissue transplants. Hastings Center Report 1988;18:510.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

31. AR., Bauer Fetal tissue transplantation. Trial 1990 Jul.:22–7.Google Scholar

32. O'Donnell, M.Jean-Pierre death ends transplant court fight. Chicago Sun-Times 1990 Nov. 20:5.Google Scholar

33. Thomasma, DC.Human Life in the Balance. Louisville, Kentucky:Westminster Press, 1990.Google Scholar

34. Thomasma, DC, Marshall, P.Clinical Medical Ethics Coursebook. Chicago:Loyola University, 1990.Google Scholar

35. Thomasma, DC.Human Life in the Balance. Louisville, Kentucky:Westminster Press, 1990:196226.Google Scholar

36. Loewy, EH.Drunks, livers, and values: should social value judgments enter into liver transplant decisions?. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 1987;9:436–41.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

37. Rettig, RA.The politics of organ transplantation: a parable of our time. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1989;14:191227.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

38. Blumstein, JF.Government's role in organ transplantation policy. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1989;14:539.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

39. Childress, JF.Some moral connections between organ procurement and organ distribution. Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 1987;3:85110.Google ScholarPubMed

40. Loewy, E.Suffering and the Beneficent Community. Buffalo:State University of New York at Buffalo Press, 1991.Google Scholar

41. Pellegrino, ED, Thomasma, DC.The Religious Devotion. New York:Continuum, 1991.Google Scholar

42. Pellegrino, ED.Humanism and the Physician. Knoxville:University of Tennessee Press, 1979.Google ScholarPubMed

43. Thomasma, DC.Corpo e persona: quando scienza e technologia travolgono la compassione umana. KOS 1989;5(32):67, 10–11, 14, 15.Google Scholar

44. Anonymous, . Organ shortage raises questions about rule of ethics committees. Medical Ethics Advisor 1990;6(10):133–5.Google Scholar

45. Thomasma, DC.The quest for organ donors: a theological response. Health Progress 1988;69(7):2224. 28.Google ScholarPubMed

46. Anonymous, . Theory offered in Beethoven's dealth. Chicago Sun-Times 1990 Oct. 15:20.Google Scholar

47. Long, R.Comatose man's death ends right-to-die ordeal. Chicago Sun-Times 1990 Oct. 12:4.Google Scholar

48. Thomasma, DC. Making treatment decisions for permanently unconscious patients. In: Monagle, J, Thomasma, DC, eds. Medical Ethics: A Guide for Health Professionals. Frederick, Maryland:Aspen Publishing Co., 1988:186204.Google Scholar

49. JH, Sorenson, op. cit.Google Scholar