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The Consumption of Bone Powder in the Early Neolithic Societies of Southeastern Europe: Evidence of a Diet Stress?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 April 2015

Julien Vieugué
Affiliation:
French Research Center in Jerusalem, 3 Shimshon Street, 91004 Jerusalem, Israel Email: julien.vieugue@mae.u-paris10.fr
Laure Salanova
Affiliation:
CNRS, UMR 7055 Préhistoire & Technologie, Maison de l’Archéologie et de l’Ethnologie, 21 allée de l’Université, 92023 Nanterre cedex, France Email: laure.salanova@mae.u-paris10.fr
Martine Regert
Affiliation:
CNRS, UMR 7264 Cultures et Environnements –, Préhistoire, Antiquité & Moyen-Âge, Pôle Universitaire Saint Jean d’Angély SJA 3, Avenue des Diables Bleus, 06357 Nice cedex 4, France Email: martine.regert@cepam.cnrs.fr
Sigrid Mirabaud
Affiliation:
Département des Restaurateurs, Institut National du Patrimoine, 150 avenue du Président Wilson, 93210 Saint Denis – La Plaine, France Email: sigrid.mirabaud@inp.fr
Anne-Solenn Le Hô
Affiliation:
Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France, Palais du Louvre – Porte des Lions, 14 Quai François Mitterrand, 75001 Paris, France Email: anne-solenn.leho@culture.gouv.fr
Éric Laval
Affiliation:
Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France, Palais du Louvre – Porte des Lions, 14 Quai François Mitterrand, 75001 Paris, France Email: eric.laval@culture.gouv.fr

Abstract

Research performed on Early Neolithic ceramic assemblages from southwestern Bulgaria has revealed that several categories of pottery were used for the preparation of foodstuffs. One particular type of beige residue has been identified on the inner surface of ceramic vessels from several sites. Chemical analyses of mineral residues, combined with the stylistic characteristics of ceramic vessels, have shown the consumption of bone powder. This consumption, far from being anecdotal, raises several questions regarding the diet behaviour of the earliest Neolithic communities in the Balkans, which have obviously sought a complementary source of calcium. Would the dietary transition at the beginning of the Neolithic period correspond to a diet stress?

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research 2015 

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