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Independence Relations in Abstract Elementary Categories

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 January 2023

Mark Kamsma*
University of East Anglia, UK, 2022.
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In model theory, a branch of mathematical logic, we can classify mathematical structures based on their logical complexity. This yields the so-called stability hierarchy. Independence relations play an important role in this stability hierarchy. An independence relation tells us which subsets of a structure contain information about each other, for example, linear independence in vector spaces yields such a relation.

Some important classes in the stability hierarchy are stable, simple, and NSOP $_1$ , each being contained in the next. For each of these classes there exists a so-called Kim-Pillay style theorem. Such a theorem describes the interaction between independence relations and the stability hierarchy. For example, simplicity is equivalent to admitting a certain independence relation, which must then be unique.

All of the above classically takes place in full first-order logic. Parts of it have already been generalised to other frameworks, such as continuous logic, positive logic, and even a very general category-theoretic framework. In this thesis we continue this work.

We introduce the framework of AECats, which are a specific kind of accessible category. We prove that there can be at most one stable, simple, or NSOP $_1$ -like independence relation in an AECat. We thus recover (part of) the original stability hierarchy. For this we introduce the notions of long dividing, isi-dividing, and long Kim-dividing, which are based on the classical notions of dividing and Kim-dividing but are such that they work well without compactness.

Switching frameworks, we generalise Kim-dividing in NSOP $_1$ theories to positive logic. We prove that Kim-dividing over existentially closed models has all the nice properties that it is known to have in full first-order logic. We also provide a full Kim-Pillay style theorem: a positive theory is NSOP $_1$ if and only if there is a nice enough independence relation, which then must be given by Kim-dividing.

Abstract prepared by Mark Kamsma.



Thesis Abstracts
© The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Association for Symbolic Logic


Supervised by Jonathan Kirby.