Game animals were shot in an isolated area of some 600 sq. miles over a period of about five years. The density of animals was originally in the neighbourhood of 10 to the sq. mile.
This density is very low compared with densities recorded from national parks, and examination of the evidence available shows that the Tanganyikan bushland is understocked with game.
As the result of the shooting in the present experiment, two species of tsetse fly, G. morsitans and G. swynnertoni, were exterminated, and a third, G. pallidipes, was either exterminated or very heavily reduced. Experimental cattle then remained healthy in the area for 11 months, after which they were removed.
This result was achieved in spite of considerable invasion of the area by cattle, particularly intense at a late period when such an alternative source of food might have been expected to be particularly valuable to the tsetse.
There was evidence that the fat, residual dry weight and size of the flies decreased, but there was no apparent effect on mean age or the proportion of females in the catches, nor apparently did the flies turn to avian blood.
The cost was £50 per sq. mile; but this figure would be very much greater in normal practice, with areas not isolated from the rest of the fly belt.
Game destruction is not recommended except in isolated areas of manageable size; discriminative clearing of the habitats, even at initially greater cost, is preferable as offering a more lasting solution.