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Seasonal variations in the fat content and size of Glossina swynnertoni Austen.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2009

J. P. Glasgow
Affiliation:
East African Trypanosomiasis Research Organization, Tororo, Uganda.
E. Bursell
Affiliation:
East African Trypanosomiasis Research Organization, Tororo, Uganda.

Extract

A population of Glossina swynnertoni Aust., at Shinyanga, Tanganyika, has been studied in respect of size and fat content of non-teneral males by monthly samples over a period of 13 years.

Flies are large from February to July and small from August to January, and this change in size suggests an effect of the wet season (December to May) and dry season (June to November) upon the parent females, allowing for the time-lag of two months representing pupal development and mean age of adult males at capture. Male flies have more fat in the rains and less in the dry season and it is possible that similar changes in the nutritional status of females are responsible for the observed size changes.

The correlation found in earlier work between the size of male flies in any month and saturation deficit two months earlier is confirmed, but reasons are given for rejecting a simple causal interpretation of this correlation.

Since 1951, there has been a progressive decrease in size of G. swynnertoni in the area studied, more especially as regards those produced in the dry season.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1961

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References

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