Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-6pjjk Total loading time: 0.316 Render date: 2023-01-28T01:42:09.694Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Prevalence of Sitobion fragariae (Walker) over S. avenae (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on wild cocksfoot grass (Dactylis glomerata) in south-east England

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2009

H. D. Loxdale*
Affiliation:
Entomology & Nematology Department, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, UK
C. P. Brookes
Affiliation:
Entomology & Nematology Department, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, UK
*
Dr H. D. Loxdale, Entomology & Nematology Department, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK.

Abstract

Individual cereal aphids of the species Sitobion avenae (Fabricius) and S. fragariae (Walker) were differentiated by their peptidase electrophoretic banding patterns; S. avenae has three diagnostic isoenzyme bands (PEP-3 to -5), whereas S. fragariae has one (PEP-1). Over 90% of 5389 individuals of these two species, collected from the grass Dactylis glomerata within 50 km of Rothamsted over the course of several years, were S. fragariae. The importance of D. glomerata and other non-cereal Gramineae species as alternative summer and overwintering hosts for S. avenae is discussed in relation to this finding.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1990

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Brookes, C.P. & Loxdale, H.D. (1985) A device for simultaneously homogenizing numbers of individual small insects for electrophoresis. Bulletin of Entomological Research 75, 377378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dean, G.J. (1974) The overwintering and abundance of cereal aphids. Annals of Applied Biology 76, 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dicker, G.H.L. (1940) The biology of the Rubus aphides. Journal of Pomology & Horticultural Science 18, 133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hand, S.C. (1982) The overwintering and dispersal of cereal aphids. Ph.D. thesis, Southampton University.Google Scholar
Hille Ris Lambers, D. (1939) Contributions to a monograph of the Aphididae of Europe. II. The genera Dactynotus Rafinesque, 1818; Statitcobium Mordvilko, 1914; Macrosiphum Passerini, 1860; Masonaphis Nov. Gen.; Phalaris Leach, 1826. Temminckia 4, 1134.Google Scholar
Loxdale, H.D. & Brookes, C.P. (1990) Temporal genetic stability and restricted migration (gene flow) between local populations of the blackberry-grain aphid Sitobion fragariae in south-east England. Journal of Animal Ecology 59, (in press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loxdale, H.D., Castañera, P. & Brookes, C.P. (1983) Electrophoretic study of enzymes from cereal aphid populations. I. Electrophoretic techniques and staining systems for characterising isoenzymes from six species of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 73, 645657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loxdale, H.D., Tarr, I.J., Weber, C.P., Brookes, C.P., Digby, P.G.N. & Castañera, P. (1985) Electrophoretic study of enzymes from cereal aphid populations. III. Spatial and temporal genetic variation of populations of Sitobion avenae (F.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 75, 121141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Potts, G.R. & Vickerman, G.P. (1974) Studies on the cereal eco-system. Advances in Ecological Research 8, 107197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tatchell, G.M., Parker, S.J. & Woiwod, I.P. (1983) Synoptic monitoring of migrant insect pests in Great Britain and western Europe. IV. Host plants and their distribution for pest aphids in Great Britain. Report of the Rothamsted Experimental Station 1982 (2), 45159.Google Scholar
Vickerman, G.P. & Wratten, S.D. (1979) The biology and pest status of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Europe: a review. Bulletin of Entomological Research 69, 132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walters, K.F.A. & Dewar, A.M. (1986) Overwintering strategy and the timing of the spring migration of the cereal aphids Sitobion avenae and Sitobion fragariae. Journal of Applied Ecology 23, 905915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watt, A.D. (1981) Wild grasses and the grain aphid (Sitobion avenae) pp. 299305in Thresh, J.M. (Ed.) Pests, pathogens and vegetation. London, Pitman.Google Scholar
Williams, C.T. & Wratten, S.D. (1987) The winter development, reproduction and lifespan of viviparae of Sitobion avenae (F.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on wheat in England. Bulletin of Entomological Research 77, 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Prevalence of Sitobion fragariae (Walker) over S. avenae (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on wild cocksfoot grass (Dactylis glomerata) in south-east England
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Prevalence of Sitobion fragariae (Walker) over S. avenae (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on wild cocksfoot grass (Dactylis glomerata) in south-east England
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Prevalence of Sitobion fragariae (Walker) over S. avenae (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on wild cocksfoot grass (Dactylis glomerata) in south-east England
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *