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Population dynamics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead and G. tachinoides Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in sub-Sudan savanna in northern Nigeria. I. Sampling methodology for adults and seasonal changes in numbers caught in different vegetation types

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2009

R. D. Dransfield
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos, Nigeria
R. Brightwell
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos, Nigeria
J. Onah
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos, Nigeria
C. J. Okolo
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos, Nigeria

Abstract

An investigation was carried out into the use of water traps for sampling Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newst. and G. tachinoides Westw. in Yankari Game Reserve in sub-Sudan savanna in northern Nigeria. The traps consisted of coloured trays filled with water plus small quantities of formalin and detergent. Colour was thought to be the major factor attracting flies to the traps, white traps being most effective for G. m. submorsitans and black ones for G. tachinoides. Water traps were compared with biconical traps, and both methods showed similar changes in catches in different vegetation types over a year. Males and females of both species showed a marked expansion in distribution in the rains and a contraction to riverine woodland in the dry season, though females of G. m. submorsitans could be caught in the adverse deciduous woodland and open savanna all year round. Water traps are considered a very cheap and practicable sampling method for ecological studies on these species of Glossina, providing specimens well preserved upon capture for later morphometric and analytical studies.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1982

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References

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Population dynamics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead and G. tachinoides Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in sub-Sudan savanna in northern Nigeria. I. Sampling methodology for adults and seasonal changes in numbers caught in different vegetation types
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Population dynamics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead and G. tachinoides Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in sub-Sudan savanna in northern Nigeria. I. Sampling methodology for adults and seasonal changes in numbers caught in different vegetation types
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Population dynamics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead and G. tachinoides Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in sub-Sudan savanna in northern Nigeria. I. Sampling methodology for adults and seasonal changes in numbers caught in different vegetation types
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