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Last-male sperm precedence in Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier): observations in laboratory mating experiments with irradiated males

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 October 2017

S. Musmeci
Affiliation:
ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome), Italy
S. Belvedere
Affiliation:
Department of Biology and Biotechnology ‘Charles Darwin’, Sapienza Rome University, Viale dell'Università 32, 00185 Rome, Italy
R. Sasso
Affiliation:
ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome), Italy
S. Arnone
Affiliation:
ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome), Italy
M. Cristofaro
Affiliation:
ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome), Italy
P. Nobili
Affiliation:
ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria (Rome), Italy
A. La Marca
Affiliation:
BBCA-onlus, Via Angelo Signorelli 105, 00123 Rome, Italy
A. De Biase
Affiliation:
Department of Biology and Biotechnology ‘Charles Darwin’, Sapienza Rome University, Viale dell'Università 32, 00185 Rome, Italy
Corresponding

Abstract

The Red Palm Weevil (RPW) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier 1790) is an invasive pest from southeastern Asia and Melanesia that in the last 30 years has spread widely in the Middle East and Mediterranean Basin. Its stem-boring larvae cause great damage to several palm species of the Arecaceae family, many of which are economically important for agricultural and ornamental purposes. Therefore, great attention has recently been focused in studying this species to identify sustainable and effective eradication strategies, such as sterile insect technique (SIT). The rapid spread of RPW is associated with its high reproductive success. To evaluate the suitability of a SIT strategy, particular physiological and behavioral aspects of RPW reproduction, such as the presence of polyandry and post-copulatory sperm selection mechanisms, were investigated. To determine paternity of progeny from multiply mated females, double-crossing experiments were carried out confining individual females with either a wild-type male or a γ-irradiated male (Co-60). Fecundity and fertility of females were scored to evaluate post-copulatory sperm selection. Results showed that progeny were almost exclusively produced by the sperm of the second male, suggesting that a last-male sperm precedence is expressed at high levels in this species, and providing interesting insights for an area-wide RPW management strategy such as the SIT.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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Last-male sperm precedence in Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier): observations in laboratory mating experiments with irradiated males
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