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Identification and dynamic expression profiling of circadian clock genes in Spodoptera litura provide new insights into the regulation of sex pheromone communication

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2021

Ji-Wei Xu
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Lu-Lu Li
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Meng Wang
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Hui-Hui Yang
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Wei-Chen Yao
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Youssef Dewer
Affiliation:
Bioassay Research Department, Central Agricultural Pesticide Laboratory, Agricultural Research Center, 7 Nadi El-Seid Street, Dokki12618, Giza, Egypt
Xiu-Yun Zhu*
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
Ya-Nan Zhang*
Affiliation:
Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Pollutant Sensitive Materials and Environmental Remediation, College of Life Sciences, Huaibei Normal University, 100 Dongshan Road, Huaibei 235000, China
*
Author for correspondence: Xiu-Yun Zhu, Email: xyzhuhbnu@163.com; Ya-Nan Zhang, Email: ynzhang_insect@163.com
Author for correspondence: Xiu-Yun Zhu, Email: xyzhuhbnu@163.com; Ya-Nan Zhang, Email: ynzhang_insect@163.com

Abstract

Spodoptera litura is an important pest that causes significant economic damage to numerous crops worldwide. Sex pheromones (SPs) mediate sexual communication in S. litura and show a characteristic degree of rhythmic activity, occurring mainly during the scotophase; however, the specific regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we employed a genome-wide analysis to identify eight candidate circadian clock genes in S. litura. Sequence characteristics and expression patterns were analyzed. Our results demonstrated that some circadian clock genes might regulate the biosynthesis and perception of SPs by regulating the rhythmic expression of SP biosynthesis-related genes and SP perception-related genes. Interestingly, all potential genes exhibited peak expression in the scotophase, consistent with the SP could mediate courtship and mating behavior in S. litura. Our findings are helpful in elucidating the molecular mechanism by which circadian clock genes regulate sexual communication in S. litura.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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Identification and dynamic expression profiling of circadian clock genes in Spodoptera litura provide new insights into the regulation of sex pheromone communication
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