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Vision, development, and bilingualism are fundamental in the quest for a universal model of visual word recognition and reading

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 August 2012

Nicola J. Pitchford
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. nicola.pitchford@nottingham.ac.ukwalter.vanheuven@nottingham.ac.uklpxak@nottingham.ac.uklpxtz@nottingham.ac.uktimothy.ledgeway@nottingham.ac.uk
Walter J. B. van Heuven
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. nicola.pitchford@nottingham.ac.ukwalter.vanheuven@nottingham.ac.uklpxak@nottingham.ac.uklpxtz@nottingham.ac.uktimothy.ledgeway@nottingham.ac.uk
Andrew N. Kelly
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. nicola.pitchford@nottingham.ac.ukwalter.vanheuven@nottingham.ac.uklpxak@nottingham.ac.uklpxtz@nottingham.ac.uktimothy.ledgeway@nottingham.ac.uk
Taoli Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. nicola.pitchford@nottingham.ac.ukwalter.vanheuven@nottingham.ac.uklpxak@nottingham.ac.uklpxtz@nottingham.ac.uktimothy.ledgeway@nottingham.ac.uk
Timothy Ledgeway
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. nicola.pitchford@nottingham.ac.ukwalter.vanheuven@nottingham.ac.uklpxak@nottingham.ac.uklpxtz@nottingham.ac.uktimothy.ledgeway@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

We agree with many of the principles proposed by Frost but highlight crucial caveats and report research findings that challenge several assertions made in the target article. We discuss the roles that visual processing, development, and bilingualism play in visual word recognition and reading. These are overlooked in all current models, but are fundamental to any universal model of reading.

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012 

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