Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-5wlnc Total loading time: 0.207 Render date: 2021-07-31T05:10:02.905Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 June 2010

Christophe Boesch
Affiliation:
Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. boesch@eva.mpg.de http://www.eva.mpg.de/primat/staff/boesch/index.html
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The quest to understand “what makes us human” has been heading towards an impasse, when comparative psychology compares primarily individuals that are not representative of their species. Captives experience such divergent socioecological niches that they cannot stand for their wild counterparts. Only after removing ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism will we be able to progress in our understanding of “what makes us human.”

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Boesch, C. (2007) What makes us human (Homo sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison. Journal of Comparative Psychology 121(3):227–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boesch, C. (2008) Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition. Journal of Comparative Psychology 122(4):453–55.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boesch, C. (2009) The real chimpanzee: Sex strategies in the forest. Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boesch, C. & Boesch, H. (1984) Mental map in wild chimpanzees: An analysis of hammer transports for nut cracking. Primates 25:160–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boesch, C. & Boesch, H. (1989) Hunting behavior of wild chimpanzees in the Taï National Park. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78:547–73.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R., Moebius, Y. & Normand, E. (2008) Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: Lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology 70:114.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boesch, C., Eckhard, N., Bolé, C. & Boesch, H. (2010) Altruism in forest chimpanzees: The case of adoption. PLoS One 5(1):e8901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boesch, C., Head, J. & Robbins, M. (2009) Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution 56:560–69.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carpendale, J. & Lewis, C. (2004) Constructing an understanding of mind: The development of children's social understanding within social interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:79151.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Waal, F. B. M. (2001) The ape and the sushi master: Cultural reflections of a primatologist. Basic Books.Google Scholar
Goodall, J. (1986) The chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of behavior. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Henrich, J., McElreath, R., Ensminger, J., Barr, A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J. C., Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, N., Lesorogol, C., Marlowe, F., Tracer, D. & Ziker, J. (2006) Costly punishment across human societies. Science 312(5868):1767–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Herrmann, E., Call, J., Lloreda, M., Hare, B. & Tomasello, M. (2007) Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: The cultural intelligence hypothesis. Science 317:1360–66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mitani, J. & Watts, D. (2001) Why do chimpanzees hunt and share meat? Animal Behaviour 61:110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitani, J. & Watts, D. (2005) Correlates of territorial boundary patrol behaviour in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour 70:1079–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitani, J., Watts, D. & Muller, M. (2002) Recent development in the study of wild chimpanzee behaviour. Evolutionary Anthropology 11(1):925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nelson, C., Zeanah, C., Fox, N., Marshall, P., Smyke, A. & Guthrie, D. (2007) Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: The Bucharest early intervention project. Science 318:1937–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Povinelli, D. J. (2000) Folk physics for apes: The chimpanzee's theory of how the world works. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Povinelli, D. J. & Vonk, J. (2003) Chimpanzee minds: Suspiciously human? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(4):157–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sanz, C., Morgan, D. & Gulick, S. (2004) New insights into chimpanzees, tools, and termites from the Congo Basin. American Naturalist 164(5):567–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silk, J. B., Brosnan, S. F., Vonk, J., Henrich, J., Povinelli, D. J., Richardson, A. S., Lambeth, S. P., Mascaro, J. & Shapiro, S. J. (2005) Chimpanzees are indifferent to the welfare of unrelated group members. Nature 437:1357–59.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tomasello, M., Carpenter, M., Call, J., Behne, T. & Moll, H. (2005) Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28:675–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vonk, J., Brosnan, S., Silk, J., Henrich, J., Richardson, A., Lambeth, S., Schapiro, S. & Povinelli, D. (2008) Chimpanzees do not take advantage of very low cost opportunities to deliver food to unrelated group members. Animal Behaviour 75(5):1757–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warneken, F. & Tomasello, M. (2006) Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees. Science 311:1301–03.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *