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A systematic review of systematic reviews of secondary health conditions, health promotion, and employment of people with intellectual disabilities

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 May 2021

Kanako Iwanaga*
Affiliation:
Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, College of Health Professions, Virginia Commonwealth University, 900 East Leigh Street, Richmond, VA 23298-0330, USA
Jia Rung Wu
Affiliation:
Department of Counselor Education, Northeastern Illinois University, 5500 North St. Louis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60625-4699, USA
Fong Chan
Affiliation:
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Education Building, 1000 Bascom Mall, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Phillip Rumrill
Affiliation:
Department of Early Childhood, Special Education and Counselor Education, University of Kentucky, 103 Dickey Hall, Lexington, KY 40506-0017, USA
Paul Wehman
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1314 W Main St, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
Valerie A. Brooke
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1314 W Main St, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
Lauren Avellone
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1314 W Main St, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
Joshua Taylor
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1314 W Main St, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
*Corresponding
*Corresponding author. Email: iwanagak@vcu.edu

Abstract

This is a systematic review of systematic reviews of secondary health conditions, health promotion interventions, and employment in people with intellectual disabilities. Articles were included if they reported a systematic review of health and employment, secondary health conditions, and health promotion interventions for people with intellectual disabilities. The methodological quality of the included reviews was reviewed using the A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews quality rating system, a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews. Twenty-five systematic reviews were included. There was evidence that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) were at elevated risk for secondary health conditions, health promotion interventions can improve physical and mental health conditions, and employment is associated with better health-related quality of life. Health promotion intervention to help people with ID engage in health promoting behaviors can improve health and their ability to find and maintain employment.

Type
Articles
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press and The Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling

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