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Proteomics and Coast Salish blankets: a tale of shaggy dogs?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 November 2011

Caroline Solazzo
1Departments of Biology, Archaeology and Chemistry, BioArCh, University of York, P.O. Box 373, York YO10 5YW, UK (correspondence email: 2Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746, USA
Susan Heald
3National Museum of the American Indian, Cultural Resources Center (CRC), 4220 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746, USA
Mary W. Ballard
2Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746, USA
David A. Ashford
4Proteomics and Analytical Biochemistry Laboratory, Technology Facility, Department of Biology and Centre of Excellence in Mass Spectrometry, University of York, P.O. Box 373, York YO10 5YW, UK
Paula T. DePriest
2Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746, USA
Robert J. Koestler
2Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746, USA
Matthew J. Collins
1Departments of Biology, Archaeology and Chemistry, BioArCh, University of York, P.O. Box 373, York YO10 5YW, UK (correspondence email:


Identifying animals to species from relict proteins is a powerful new archaeological tool. Here the authors apply the method to answer questions relating to the Salish of west coast North America. Did they weave their blankets out of dog hair? The proteomic analysis shows that they did, interweaving it with goat, and that the woolly dog was increasingly superseded by sheep in the later nineteenth century.

Research article
Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd 2011

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