Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-8zwnf Total loading time: 0.364 Render date: 2022-11-29T20:53:29.338Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Sedimentology of lower Pliocene to Upper Pleistocene diamictons from IODP Site U1358, Wilkes Land margin, and implications for East Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 August 2013

Nadine Orejola
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Ave, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA
Sandra Passchier*
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Ave, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA
*
*Corresponding author: passchiers@mail.montclair.edu

Abstract

During the early Pliocene a dynamic marine-based ice sheet retreated from the Wilkes Land margin with periodic ice advances beyond Last Glacial Maximum position. A change in sand provenance is indicative of a more stable Mertz Glacier system during the Late Pleistocene. East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) dynamics were evaluated through the analysis of marine diamictons from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) site U1358 on the Adélie Land continental shelf. The warmer than present conditions of the early Pliocene coupled with the site's proximity to the landward sloping Wilkes Subglacial Basin provided the rationale for the investigations at this site. Based on visual core descriptions, particle size distributions, and major and trace element ratios, we interpret the origin of lower Pliocene strata by intermittent glaciomarine sedimentation with open-marine conditions and extensive glacial advances to the outer shelf. Heavy mineral analyses show that sand-sized detritus in the lower Pliocene strata was sourced from local intermediate to high-grade metamorphic rocks near Mertz Glacier. In contrast, Pleistocene diamictons exhibit a larger contribution from a prehnite-pumpellyite greenschist facies suggesting supply via iceberg rafting from northern Victoria Land. From this sedimentological evidence, we postulate a shift from a dynamic EAIS margin in the early Pliocene to possible stabilization in the Pleistocene.

Type
Earth Sciences
Copyright
Copyright © Antarctic Science Ltd 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

References

Beaman, R.J. Harris, P.T. 2003. Seafloor morphology and acoustic facies of the George V Land shelf. Deep-Sea Research II, 50, 13431355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beaman, R.J., O'Brien, P.E., Post, A.L. De Santis, L. 2011. A new high-resolution bathymetry model for the Terre Adélie and George V continental margin, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 23, 95103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Benn, D.I. Gemmell, A.M.D. 2002. Fractal dimensions of diamictic particle-size distributions: simulations and evaluation. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 114, 528532.2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A. Zussman, J. 1992. An introduction to the rock forming minerals, 2nd ed. London: Longman, 696 pp.Google Scholar
Domack, E.W. 1982. Sedimentology of glacial and glacial marine deposits on the George V-Adélie continental shelf, East Antarctica. Boreas, 11, 7997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Escutia, C., Bárcena, M.A., Lucchi, R.G., Romero, O., Ballegeer, A.M., Gonzalez, J.J. Harwood, D.M. 2009. Circum-Antarctic warming events between 4 and 3.5 Ma recorded in marine sediments from the Prydz Bay (ODP Leg 188) and the Antarctic Peninsula (ODP Leg 178) margins. Global and Planetary Change, 69, 170184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Escutia, C., De Santis, L., Donda, F., Dunbar, R.B., Cooper, A.K., Brancolini, G. Eittreim, S.L. 2005. Cenozoic ice sheet history from East Antarctic Wilkes Land continental margin sediments. Global and Planetary Change, 45, 5181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Klaus, A. & The Expedition 318 Scientists 2011. Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 318, 10.2204/iodp.proc.318.101.2011.Google Scholar
Expedition 318 Scientists 2011. Site U1358. In Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Klaus, A. & The Expedition 318 Scientists. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Proceedings, 318, 10.2204/iodp.proc.318.106.2011.Google Scholar
Fretwell, P., Pritchard, H.D., Vaughan, D.G., et al. 2013. Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 7, 375393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gair, H.S., Sturm, A., Carryer, S.J. Grindley, G.W. 1969. The geology of northern Victoria Land. Geologic map of Antarctica, sheet 13, plate XII. Antarctic Map Folio Series, 12.Google Scholar
Goodge, J.W. Fanning, C.M. 2010. Composition and age of the East Antarctic Shield in eastern Wilkes Land determined by proxy from Oligocene–Pleistocene glaciomarine sediment and Beacon Supergroup sandstones, Antarctica. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 122, 11351159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hooke, R.LeB. Iverson, N.R. 1995. Grain size distribution in deforming subglacial tills: role of grain fracture. Geology, 23, 5760.2.3.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Konert, M. Vandenberghe, J. 1997. Comparison of laser grain size analysis with pipette and sieve analysis: a solution for the underestimation of the clay fraction. Sedimentology, 44, 523535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Licht, K.J., Dunbar, N.W., Andrews, J.T. Jennings, A.E. 1999. Distinguishing subglacial till and glacial marine diamicts in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica: implications for a last glacial maximum grounding line. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 111, 91103.2.3.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mayewski, P.A., Attig, J.W. Drewry, D.J. 1979. Pattern of ice surface lowering for the Rennick Glacier, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 22, 5365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLennan, S.M., Hemming, S., McDaniel, D.K. Hanson, G.N. 1993. Geochemical approaches to sedimentation, provenance and tectonics. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 284, 2140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, R.W., Miller, D.J. Kryc, K.A. 2000. Analysis of major and trace elements in rocks, sediments, and interstitial waters by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). ODP Technical Note, 29. Available at http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/tnotes/tn29/INDEX.HTM, accessed September 2012.Google Scholar
Naish, T., Powell, R., Levy, R., et al. 2009. Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic Ice Sheet oscillations. Nature, 458, 322328.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nesbitt, H.W. Young, G.M. 1982. Early Proterozoic climates and plate motions inferred from major element chemistry of lutites. Nature, 199, 715717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nesbitt, H.W. Young, G.M. 1996. Petrogenesis of sediments in the absence of chemical weathering: effects of abrasion and sorting on bulk composition and mineralogy. Sedimentology, 42, 341358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Brien, P.E., Goodwin, I., Forsberg, C.-F., Cooper, A.K. Whitehead, J. 2007. Late Neogene ice drainage changes in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica and the interaction of Antarctic ice sheet evolution and climate. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 245, 390410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oliver, R.L. Fanning, C.M. 2002. Proterozoic geology east and south-east of Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, Antarctica, and its relationship to that of adjacent Gondwana terranes. Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin, No. 35, 5158.Google Scholar
Passchier, S., O'Brien, P.E., Damuth, J.E., Januszczack, N., Handwerger, D.A. Whitehead, J.M. 2003. Pliocene–Pleistocene glaciomarine sedimentation in eastern Prydz Bay and development of the Prydz trough-mouth fan, ODP sites 1166 and 1167, East Antarctica. Marine Geology, 199, 179305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Principato, S.M., Jennings, A.E., Kristjansdottir, G.B. Andrews, J.T. 2005. Glacial-marine or subglacial origin of diamicton units from the southwest and north Iceland shelf: implications for the glacial history of Iceland. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 75, 968983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pritchard, H.D., Arthern, R.J., Vaughan, D.G. Edwards, L.A. 2009. Extensive dynamic thinning on the margins of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Nature, 461, 971975.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reed, S.J.B. 2005. Electron microprobe analysis and scanning electron microscopy in geology. 2nd edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 162178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryan, W.B.F., Carbotte, S.M., Coplan, J.O., et al. 2009. Global multi-resolution topography synthesis. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 10.1029/2008GC002332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schenau, S.J., Prins, M.A., Delange, G.J. Monnin, C. 2001. Barium accumulation in the Arabian Sea: controls on barite preservation in marine sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 15451556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sperazza, M., Moore, J.N. Hendrix, M.S. 2004. High-resolution analysis of naturally occurring very fine-grained sediment through laser defractometry. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 74, 736743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuart, K.M. Long, D.G. 2011. Tracking large tabular icebergs using the SeaWinds Ku-band microwave scatterometer. Deep-Sea Research II, 58, 12851300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van der Wateren, F.M., Dunai, T.J., van Balen, R.T., Klas, W., Verbers, A.L.L.M., Passchier, S. Herpers, U. 1999. Contrasting Neogene denudation histories of different structural regions in the Transantarctic Mountains rift flank constrained by cosmogenic isotope measurements. Global and Planetary Change, 23, 145172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whitehead, J.M. Bohaty, S.M. 2003. Pliocene summer sea surface temperature reconstruction using silicoflagellates from Southern Ocean ODP site 1165. Paleoceanography, 10.1029/2002PA000829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wodzicki, A. Robert, R. 1986. Geology of the Bowers Supergroup, central Bowers Mountains, northern Victoria Land. Antarctic Research Series, 46, 3968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: PDF

Orejola Supplementary Material

Supplementary Material

Download Orejola Supplementary Material(PDF)
PDF 310 KB
12
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Sedimentology of lower Pliocene to Upper Pleistocene diamictons from IODP Site U1358, Wilkes Land margin, and implications for East Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Sedimentology of lower Pliocene to Upper Pleistocene diamictons from IODP Site U1358, Wilkes Land margin, and implications for East Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Sedimentology of lower Pliocene to Upper Pleistocene diamictons from IODP Site U1358, Wilkes Land margin, and implications for East Antarctic Ice Sheet dynamics
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *