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Antarctic science in Chile: a bibliometric analysis of scientific productivity during the 2009–2019 period

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 April 2023

Marcelo González-Aravena*
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Lucas Krüger
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile Millennium Institute Biodiversity of Antarctic and Subantarctic Ecosystems (BASE), Santiago, Chile
Lorena Rebolledo
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Ricardo Jaña
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Anelio Aguayo-Lobo
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Marcelo Leppe
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Rodolfo Rondon
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Francisco Santa-Cruz
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Carla Salinas
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
Cristine Trevisan
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile
César A. Cárdenas
Affiliation:
Departamento Científico, Instituto Antártico Chileno, Punta Arenas, Chile Millennium Institute Biodiversity of Antarctic and Subantarctic Ecosystems (BASE), Santiago, Chile

Abstract

The changes implemented in 2005 in the development strategies of Antarctic science carried out by Chile have had a positive impact on the scientific productivity of the Chilean Antarctic Science Program (PROCIEN). We analysed scientometric indicators from between 2009 and 2019. The bibliographic data were extracted from the Web of Science database using search query keywords. We used multiple correspondence analysis to identify specific trends and also network analyses of international collaboration in VOSviewer. The number of Antarctic science publications in Chile has gradually increased from 21 in 2009 to 95 in 2019. The rise in the number of articles was higher in journals for the first impact factor quartile. Research lines showing increased first-quartile impact factor papers corresponded to Antarctic ecosystems, biotechnology and geosciences. The main geographical domains in which such research activities have been carried out corresponded to in the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. Fieldwork data are the main sources for the production of scientific articles, and there are three science platforms within which most of these papers concentrate. The diversification of funding sources, the implementation of improvements in the selection process and Chile's alignment with Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research programmes have contributed to improving the science that Chile has developed in Antarctica.

Type
Opinion
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Antarctic Science Ltd

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