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Seasonal patterns of viral, microbial and planktonic communities in Sidi Salem: a freshwater reservoir (North of Tunisia)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 October 2014

Samira Ben Romdhane*
Affiliation:
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM), 28 rue du 2 mars 1934 -Salammbô, Tunisie
Monia El Bour
Affiliation:
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM), 28 rue du 2 mars 1934 -Salammbô, Tunisie
Asma Hamza
Affiliation:
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM), 28 rue du 2 mars 1934 -Salammbô, Tunisie
Fourat Akrout
Affiliation:
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM), 28 rue du 2 mars 1934 -Salammbô, Tunisie
Mohamed Mejdeddine Kraiem
Affiliation:
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM), 28 rue du 2 mars 1934 -Salammbô, Tunisie
Stéphan Jacquet
Affiliation:
INRA UMR 42, Centre Alpin de Recherches sur les Réseaux Trophiques des Ecosystèmes Limniques, 74203 Thonon Cedex, France
*
*Corresponding author: samirabenromdhane@yahoo.fr
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Abstract

We investigated the distribution and dynamics of viruses, prokaryotes and small eukaryotic phytoplankton in Sidi Salem freshwater reservoir (Northern Tunisia). Samples were collected from the deepest station at different depths throughout the water column for 2 years (February 2009 to January 2011). The reservoir was characterized by seasonal alternations of thermal stratification and homothermy. Among the different microbial communities counted using flow cytometry (FCM), picocyanobacteria constituted an important autotrophic component since they were always present and their highest concentration reached 3.02 and 2.65×105 cells.mL−1 in March 2009 and June 2010, respectively. The heterotrophic prokaryotic communities (represented mainly by bacteria) were characterized by a clear separation between two subgroups referred to as high-DNA and low-DNA content populations, and the highest concentrations of heterotrophic bacteria (i.e., 3.8×107 cells.mL−1) were recorded in spring 2009. Several viral groups referred to as virus-like particles (VLP) groups 1, 2 and 3 could also be discriminated using FCM. VLP1 and VLP2 displayed a significant correlation with the heterotrophic bacteria (r=0.80 and 0.78, P<0.001) but seem to be independent from picocyanobacteria and/or chlorophyll a, suggesting these VLPs were mainly bacteriophages. At last, the virus to prokaryotic ratio could be high, especially in summer (mean=22, max=487), suggesting a strong coupling between bacteria and viruses, at least at certain periods of the year.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences, 2014

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Seasonal patterns of viral, microbial and planktonic communities in Sidi Salem: a freshwater reservoir (North of Tunisia)
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