Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-5tm97 Total loading time: 1.782 Render date: 2021-08-01T12:15:34.807Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Article contents

Wooden breast myopathy links with poorer gait in broiler chickens

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 December 2018

M. Norring
Affiliation:
Research Centre for Animal Welfare, Department of Production Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
A. Valros
Affiliation:
Research Centre for Animal Welfare, Department of Production Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
J. Valaja
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
H-K. Sihvo
Affiliation:
Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
K. Immonen
Affiliation:
Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
E. Puolanne
Affiliation:
Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Corresponding
Get access

Abstract

Wooden breast myopathy, a condition where broiler breast muscles show a hardened consistency post-mortem, has been described recently. However, it is not known how wooden breast myopathy affects the bird activity or welfare. Altogether, over 340 birds of five commonly used commercial hybrids were housed in 25 pens, and sample birds killed at ages of 22, 32, 36, 39 and 43 days. Their breast muscle condition was assessed post-mortem by palpation. The birds were gait scored and their latency to lie was measured before killing. For further behavior observations, one affected and healthy bird in 12 pens were followed on 5 days for 20 minutes using video recordings. The connection of myopathy to gait score and activity was analyzed with mixed models. A higher gait score of wooden-breast-affected birds than that of unaffected birds (2.9 ± 0.1 v. 2.6 ± 0.1, P < 0.05) indicated a higher level of locomotor difficulties over all age groups. The wooden-breast-affected birds had fewer crawling or movement bouts while lying down compared with unaffected (P < 0.05). Wooden breast myopathy-affected birds were heavier (2774 ± 91 v. 2620 ± 91 g; P < 0.05) and had higher breast muscle yield (21 ± 1 v. 19 ± 1%; P < 0.05) than unaffected birds overall. Older birds had longer lying bouts, longer total lying time, fewer walking bouts, more difficulties to walk and to stand compared with younger birds (P < 0.05). Birds with poorer gait had longer total lying time and fewer walking bouts (P < 0.05). Birds with greatest breast muscle yield had the largest number of lying bouts (P < 0.05). It was concluded that wooden breast myopathy was associated with an impairment of gait scores, and may thus be partly linked to the common walking abnormalities in broilers.

Type
Research Article
Information
animal , Volume 13 , Issue 8 , August 2019 , pp. 1690 - 1695
Copyright
© The Animal Consortium 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abasht, B, Mutryn, MF, Michalek, RD and Lee, WR 2016. Oxidative stress and metabolic perturbations in wooden breast disorder in chickens. PLoS one 11, e0153750.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bailie, CL, Ball, MEE and O’Connell, NE 2013. Influence of the provision of natural light and straw bales on activity levels and leg health in commercial broiler chickens. Animal 7, 19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berg, C and Sanotra, GS 2003. Can a modified latency-to-lie test be used to validate gait-scoring results in commercial broiler flocks? Animal Welfare 12, 655659.Google Scholar
Branciari, R, Mugnai, C, Mammoli, R, Miraglia, D, Ranucci, D, Dal Bosco, A and Castellini, C 2009. Effect of genotype and rearing system on chicken behavior and muscle fiber characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 87, 41094117.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broom, DM 2017. Animal Welfare in the European Union. Directorate general for internal policies, Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, 78p. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/supporting-analysesGoogle Scholar
Caplen, G, Hothersall, B, Nicol, CJ, Parker, RMA, Waterman-Pearson, AE, Weeks, CA and Murrell, JC 2014. Lameness is consistently better at predicting broiler chicken performance in mobility tests than other broiler characteristics. Animal Welfare 23, 179187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hothersall, B, Caplen, G, Parker, RMA, Nicol, CJ, Waterman-Pearson, AE, Weeks, CA and Murrell, JC 2016. Effects of carprofen, meloxicam and butorphanol on broiler chickens’ performance in mobility tests. Animal Welfare 25, 5567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaukonen, E, Norring, M and Valros, A 2017. Perches and elevated platforms in commercial broiler farms: Use and effect on walking ability, incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia and bone mineral content. Animal 11, 864871.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuttappan, VA, Brewer, VB, Apple, JK, Waldroup, PW and Owens, CM 2012. Influence of growth rate on the occurrence of white striping in broiler breast fillets. Poultry Science 91, 26772685.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuttappan, VA, Hargis, BM and Owens, CM 2016. White striping and woody breast myopathies in the modern poultry industry: a review. Poultry Science 95, 27242733.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuttappan, VA, Huff, GR, Huff, WE, Hargis, BM, Apple, JK, Coon, C and Owens, CM 2013a. Comparison of hematologic and serologic profiles of broiler birds with normal and severe degrees of white striping in breast fillets. Poultry Science 92, 339345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuttappan, VA, Owens, CM, Coon, C, Hargis, BM and Vazquez-Anon, M 2017. Incidence of broiler breast myopathies at 2 different ages and its impact on selected raw meat quality parameters. Poultry Science 96, 30053009.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuttappan, VA, Shivaprasad, HL, Shaw, DP, Valentine, BA, Hargis, BM, Clark, FD, McKee, SR and Owens, CM 2013b. Pathological changes associated with white striping in broiler breast muscles. Poultry Science 92, 331338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kestin, SC, Gorden, S, Su, G and Sorensen, P 2001. Relationships in broiler chickens between lameness, live weight, growth rate and age. Veterinary Record 148, 195197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kestin, SC, Knowles, TG, Tinch, AE and Gregory, NE 1992. The prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens assessed by gait scoring and its relationship to genotype. Veterinary Record 131, 190194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Knowles, TG, Kestin, SC, Haslam, SM, Brown, SN, Green, LE, Butterworth, A, Pope, SJ and Nicol, CJ 2008. Leg disorders in broiler chickens: prevalence, risk factors and prevention. PLoS One 3, e1545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mazzoni, M, Petracci, M, Meluzzi, A, Cavani, C, Clevanzani, P and Sirri, F 2015. Relationship between pectoralis major muscle histology and quality traits of chicken meat. Poultry Science 94, 123130.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mudalal, S, Babini, E, Cavani, C and Petracci, M 2014. Quantity and functionality of protein fractions in chicken breast fillets affected by white striping. Poultry Science 93, 21082116.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Norring, M, Kaukonen, E and Valros, A 2016. The use of perches and platforms by broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 184, 9196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Petracci, M, Mudalal, S, Bonfiglio, A and Cavani, C 2013. Occurrence of white striping under commercial conditions and its impact on breast meat quality in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 92, 16701675.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sihvo, HK, Immonen, K and Puolanne, E 2014. Myodegeneration with fibrosis and regeneration in the pectoralis major muscle of broilers. Veterinary Pathology 51, 619623.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sihvo, H-K, Lindén, J, Airas, N, Immonen, K, Valaja, J and Puolanne, E 2017. Wooden breast myodegeneration of pectoralis major muscle over the growth period in broilers. Veterinary Pathology 54, 119128.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sörensen, P, Su, G and Kestin, SC 1999. The effect of photoperiod: scotoperiod on leg weakness in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 78, 336342.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weeks, CA, Danbury, TD, Davies, HC, Hunt, P and Kestin, SC 2000. The behaviour of broiler chickens and its modification by lameness. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 67, 111125.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weeks, CA, Knowles, TG, Gordon, RG, Kerr, AE, Peyton, ST and Tilbrook, NT 2002. New method for objectively assessing lameness in broiler chickens. Veterinary Record 151, 762764.Google ScholarPubMed
Wichman, A, Norring, M, Pastell, M, Algers, B, Pösö, R, Valros, A, Saloniemi, H and Hänninen, L 2010. Effect of crate height during short-term confinement on the welfare and behaviour of turkeys. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 126, 134139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Wooden breast myopathy links with poorer gait in broiler chickens
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Wooden breast myopathy links with poorer gait in broiler chickens
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Wooden breast myopathy links with poorer gait in broiler chickens
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *