Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-65dc7cd545-8rn5k Total loading time: 0.224 Render date: 2021-07-25T20:21:36.447Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Sodium and chloride requirements of yellow-feathered chickens between 22 and 42 days of age

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 April 2019

S. Q. Jiang
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
M. M. Azzam
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Production College of Food & Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia Poultry Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt
H. Yu
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, P.R.China
Q. L. Fan
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
L. Li
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
Z. Y. Gou
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
X. J. Lin
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
M. Liu
Affiliation:
College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, P.R.China
Z. Y. Jiang
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South China of Ministry of Agriculture, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, P.R. China
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

Sodium and chloride are the key factors maintaining normal osmotic pressure (OSM) and volume of the extracellular fluid, and influencing the acid–base balance of body fluids. The experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary Na+ and Cl level on growth performance, excreta moisture, blood biochemical parameters, intestinal Na+–glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) messenger RNA (mRNA), and Na+–H+ exchanger 2 (NHE2) mRNA, and to estimate the optimal dietary sodium and chlorine level for yellow-feathered chickens from 22 to 42days. A total of 900 22-day-old Lingnan yellow-feathered male chickens were randomly allotted to five treatments, each of which included six replicates of 30 chickens per floor pen. The basal control diet was based on corn and soybean meal (without added NaCl and NaHCO3). Treatments 2 to 5 consisted of the basal diet supplemented with equal weights of Na+ and Cl, constituting 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3% and 0.4% of the diets. Supplemental dietary Na+ and Cl improved the growth performance (P<0.05). Average daily gain (ADG) showed a quadratic broken-line regression to increasing dietary Na+ and Cl (R2=0.979, P<0.001), and reached a plateau at 0.1%. Supplemental Na+ and Cl increased (P<0.05) serum Na+ and OSM in serum and showed a quadratic broken-line regression (R2=0.997, P=0.004) at 0.11%. However, supplemental Na+ and Cl decreased (P<0.05) serum levels of K+, glucose (GLU) and triglyceride. Higher levels of Na+and Cl decreased duodenal NHE2 transcripts (P<0.05), but had no effect on ileal SGLT1 transcripts. The activity of Na+ /K+-ATPase in the duodenum decreased (P<0.05) with higher levels of dietary Na+ and Cl. In conclusion, the optimal dietary Na+ and Cl requirements for yellow-feathered chickens in the grower phase, from 22 to 42 days of age, to optimize ADG, serum Na+, OSM, K+ and GLU were 0.10%, 0.11%, 0.11%,0.17% and 0.16%, respectively, by regression analysis.

Type
Research Article
Information
animal , Volume 13 , Issue 10 , October 2019 , pp. 2183 - 2189
Copyright
© The Animal Consortium 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Present address: Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.1 Dafeng First Street, Wushan Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510640, China.

a

These authors contributed equally to this work.

References

Bilgili, SF, Alley, MA, Hess, JB and Nagaraj, M 2006. Influence of age and sex on footpad quality and yield in broiler chickens reared on low and high density diets. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 15, 433441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borges, SA, Fischer da Silva, AV, Majorka, A, Hooge, DM and Cummings, KR 2004. Physiological responses of broiler chickens to heat stress and dietary electrolyte balance (sodium plus potassium minus chloride, milli-equivalents per kilogram). Poultry Science 83, 15511558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dong, XY, Azzam, MM and Zou, XT 2016. Effects of dietary L-isoleucine on laying performance and immunomodulation of laying hens. Poultry Science 95, 22972305.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dong, XY, Wang, YM, Song, HH and Zou, XT 2013. Effects of in ovo injection of carbohydrate solution on small intestine development in domestic pigeons (Columba livia). Journal of Animal Science 91, 37423749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Donowitz, M, De La Horra, C, Calonge, ML, Wood, IS, Dyer, J, Gribble, SM, De Medina, FS, Tse, CM, Shirazi-Beechey, SP and Ilundain, AA 1998. In birds, NHE2 is major brush-border Na+/H+ exchanger in colon and is increased by a low-NaCl diet. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 274, R1659R1669.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Feed Database in China 2016. Tables of feed composition and nutritive values in China- fifteenth edition. Chinese Feed 21, 3343. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
Gal-Garber, O, Mabjeesh, SJ, Sklan, D and Uni, Z 2003. Nutrient transport in the small intestine, Na+, K+-ATPase expression and activity in the chicken small intestine as influenced by dietary sodium. Poultry Science 82, 11271133.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
The German Society of Nutritional Physiology (GfE) 1999. Empfehlungen zur Energie-und Nährstoffversorgung der Legehennen und Masthühner (Broiler). Ausschuss für Bedarfsnormen der Gesellschaft für Ernährungsphysiologie. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.Google Scholar
Iwasaki, K, Ikawa, R, Oyama, H, Horikawa, H, Zhou, W and Yamamoto, S 2000. Effects of feeding glucose containing water on thermoregulatory responses of broilers during high temperature exposure. Japanese Poultry Science 37, 108112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jankowski, J, Zdunczyk, Z, Juskiewicz, J and Kwiecinski, P 2011. The effect of different dietary sodium levels on the growth performance of broiler chickens, gastrointestinal function, excreta moisture and tibia mineralization. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 20, 93106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jankowski, J and Zdunczyk, Z 2014. The effect of dietary sodium chloride concentrations on blood electrolyte concentrations, the incidence of foot pad dermatitis and bone mineralization in broiler chickens and turkeys. Journal of Elementology 19, 265275.Google Scholar
Koreleski, J, Swiątkiewicz, S and Arczewska, A 2010. The effect of dietary potassium and sodium on performance, carcass traits, and nitrogen balance and excreta moisture in broiler chicken. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 19, 244256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koreleski, J, Swiątkiewicz, S and Arczewska, A 2011. The effect of different dietary potassium and chloride levels on performance and excreta dry matter in broiler chickens. Czech Journal of Animal Sciences 56, 5360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Livak, KJ and Schmittgen, TD 2001. Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2–ΔΔCT method. Methods 25, 402408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mongin, P 1981. Recent advances in dietary anion-cation balance: applications in poultry. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 40, 285294.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Murakami, AE, Oviedo-Rondon, EO, Martins, EN, Pereira, MS and Scapinello, C 2001. Sodium and chlorine requirements of growing broiler chickens (twenty-one to forty-two days of age) fed corn-soybean diets. Poultry Science 80, 289294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mushtaq, MM, Pasha, TN, Mushtaq, T and Parvin, R 2013. Electrolytes, dietary electrolyte balance and salts in broilers: an updated review on growth performance, water intake and litter quality. World’s Poultry Science Journal 69, 789802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mushtaq, MM, Pasha, TN, Saima, MA, Mushtaq, T, Parvin, R, Farooq, U, Mehmood, S, Iqbal, KJ and Hwangbo, J 2013. Growth performance, carcass traits and serum mineral chemistry as affected by dietary sodium and sodium salts fed to broiler chickens reared underphase feeding system. Asian-Australasian. Journal of Animal Science 26, 17421752.Google Scholar
Mushtaq, T, Mirza, MA, Athar, M, Hooge, DM, Ahmad, T, Ahmad, G, Mushtaq, MM and Noreen, U 2007. Dietary sodium and chlorine for twenty-nine to forty-two days old broiler chickens at constant electrolyte balance under subtropical summer conditions. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 16, 161170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mushtaq, T, Sarwar, M, Nawaz, H, Mirza, A and Ahmad, T 2005. Effect and interactions of dietary sodium and chlorine on broiler starter performance (hatching to twenty-eight days of age) under subtropical summer conditions. Poultry Science 84, 17161722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Research Council (NRC) 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry, 9th edition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
Oliveira, JE, Albino, LF, Rostagno, HS, Paez, LE and Carvalho, DC 2005. Dietary levels of potassium for broiler chickens. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 7, 3337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ovido-Rondø´n, EO, Murakami, AE, Furlan, AC, Moreira, I and Macari, M 2001. Sodium and chloride requirements of young broiler chickens fed corn-soybean diets (one to twenty-one days of age). Poultry Science 80, 592598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robbins, KR, Saxton, AM and Southern, LL 2006. Estimation of nutrient requirements using broken-line regression analysis. Journal of Animal Science 84 (suppl. 1), E155E165.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
SAS Institute 2001. SAS user’s guide: statistics, version. 8.02 Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.Google Scholar
Shepherd, EM and Fairchild, BD 2010. Foot pad dermatitis in poultry. Poultry Science 89, 20432051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sklan, D and Noy, Y 2000. Hydrolysis and absorption in the small intestines of posthatch chicks. Poultry Science 79, 13061310.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Smith, MO and Teeter, RG 1987. Potassium balance of the 5 to 8-week-old broiler exposed to constant heat or cycling high temperature stress and the effects of supplemental potassium chloride on body weight gain and feed efficiency. Poultry Science 66, 487492.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Szabó, J, Vucskits, AV, Andrásofszky, E, Berta, E, Bersényi, A, Börzsönyi, L, Pálfi, V and Hullár, I 2011. Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on production, immune response and mineral concentrations of the femur in broilers. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 59, 295310.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wen J, Cai HY, Guo YM, Qi GH, Chen JL, Zhang GZ, Liu GH, Xiong BH, Su JS, Ji C, Diao QY and Liu HL 2004. Nutrient requirements of Chinese color-feathered chicken. In Feeding standard of chicken (NY/T 33-2004), pp. 11–12. The Ministry of Agriculture of the People′s Republic of China, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
Vedenov, D and Pesti, GM 2008. A comparison of methods of fitting several models to nutritional response data. Journal of Animal Science 86, 500507.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhang, ZB 2006. Physical chemistry teaching and interest education. University Chemistry 21, 1316. (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Sodium and chloride requirements of yellow-feathered chickens between 22 and 42 days of age
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Sodium and chloride requirements of yellow-feathered chickens between 22 and 42 days of age
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Sodium and chloride requirements of yellow-feathered chickens between 22 and 42 days of age
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *