The necessary first step in the judicial review of any state statute is to determine the appropriate standard of review. Without resolution of this threshold issue, the court would be uncertain what constitutional analysis to employ, whether a low level of scrutiny, strict scrutiny or some intermediate standard.
Thus, in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, the Court should not merely assume, without confronting, the continued viability of Roe v. Wade. Failure to reexamine Roe would depart from precedents of the Court and lead to untoward results.
In determining the standard of review to be applied to the Missouri statute at issue in Webster, the Court should be guided by the analysis of Bowers v. Hardwick, and find that there is no constitutional right to abortion. Thus, the standard of review to be employed in Webster is the rational basis test. Under this test, the Missouri statute should be upheld.