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Open Access Policy


A preprint is an early version of an article prior to the version accepted for publication in a journal. This journal allows preprints to be posted anywhere at any time, including before submission to the journal. For more information, see our full preprint policy.

Open Access

This is a hybrid journal, meaning that it publishes on a subscription basis but provides authors with options to make their article open access in two different ways.

Visit our Hybrid Open Access FAQs for more information. For any questions which are not answered by our policy pages and resources, please contact

(1) Under the journal’s Green Open Access policy, authors can archive versions of their article in institutional or non-commercial subject repositories, or on their personal or departmental websites, under certain conditions. This journal's Green Open Access policy is not compatible with Plan S.

Articles subject to Plan S, as a result of funding by cOAlition S, should be published as Gold Open Access. This journal's Green Open Access policy is not compatible with Plan S.

For more information, see Cambridge University Press’s Green Open Access policy. For details about which versions of articles authors can post online, and where and when authors can post them, see the journal’s specific conditions.

(2) Under Gold Open Access the author can publish under a Creative Commons license, enabling anyone to access and redistribute the content and, depending upon the license, re-use the content in new or derivative works with attribution. The terms of re-use for Gold Open Access content are stated in the copyright line.

Gold Open Access is supported by an article processing charge (APC) typically paid by the author’s funding body or institution.

Find the APC for this journal in our full list of APC charges.

We have made a number of Read and Publish agreements to support Open Access. Authors at participating institutions may be eligible for waivers or discounts, depending on the deal. Please click here to find out more.

The journal is registered with cOAlition S as a Transformative Journal. Authors should publish as Gold OA in order to comply with Plan S.

Social Sharing

Journals participating in Cambridge Core Share allow a read-only version of a final published PDF (the Version of Record) to be shared and easily accessed by anyone. Core Share links, and Core Share PDFs containing the links, can be freely shared on social media sites and scholarly collaboration networks to enhance both the impact and discoverability of research.

Click here to see if this journal is taking part.