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Yucatec Influence in Terminal Classic Northern Belize

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Diane Z. Chase
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104
Arlen F. Chase
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104

Abstract

Excavations undertaken during 1978 and 1979 at Nohmul, Belize are believed to cast new light on the demise of the Maya. Investigations revealed Terminal Classic-San Jose V material intermixed with Late Classic to Early Postclassic Yucatec material in a single-unit refuse deposit. More importantly, striking architectural similarities exist between structures at Nohmul and Chichen-Itza; Structure 20 at Nohmul proved to be of the “patio-quad” type known previously only from Chichen-Itza, and Structure 9 of Nohmul may be put forth as a “Caracol” (Chichen-Itza Structure 3C15) counterpart. On the basis of excavations at Nohmul, it is implied that there is an association between Toltec Chichen-Itza (Sotuta) and the Terminal Classic periods to the south (San Jose V-Tepeu 3), in that the two are overlapping, if not coeval. Should this be the case, new alternatives relating to the Maya collapse must be considered.

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Reports
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for American Archaeology 1982

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