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On Manos, Metates, and the History of Site Occupations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Sarah H. Schlanger*
Affiliation:
Museum of New Mexico, Office of Archaeological Studies, P.O. Box 2087, Santa Fe, NM 87504

Abstract

The contents of stratigraphically distinct archaeological proveniences, such as trash and fill, floor assemblages, and collections from the modern ground surface, ordinarily are treated separately during analysis and interpretation of assemblage variability. Once an interpretive framework has been constructed that integrates artifact use and discard with the formation of these various deposits, patterned differences in assemblage content can be exploited to yield information about site function, occupation duration, and abandonment processes. This approach is demonstrated through an analysis of the distribution of one-hand manos, two-hand manos, and trough metates at Anasazi sites in southwestern Colorado.

Résumé

Résumé

El material arqueológico de distintos contextos estratigráficos, como basura y relleno, conjuntos en pisos de habitación y colecciones provenientes de la superficie moderna, generalmente se estudian en forma aislada durante el análisis e interpretación de la variabilidad en el registro arqueológico. Se propone un marco de interpretación que integra el uso y desecho de artefactos con la formación de estos depósitos, para obtener información sobre la función de un sitio, la duración de la ocupación, y los procesos de abandono, a partir de patrones de variación en el contenido artefactual del registro arqueológico. Este enfoque se ejemplifica por medio de un análisis de la distribución de manos y metates en sitios de la cultura Anasazi del suroeste de Colorado.

Type
Reports
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for American Archaeology 1991

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