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Calibrated Radiocarbon Dating at Keatley Creek: The Chronology of Occupation at a Complex Hunter-Gatherer Village

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

William C. Prentiss
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Montana, Missoula MT 59812
Michael Lenert
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, 341 Haines Hall, Box 951553, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1553
Thomas A. Foor
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Montana, Missoula MT 59812
Nathan B. Goodale
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4910
Trinity Schlegel
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Montana, Missoula MT 59812

Abstract

This paper provides an analysis of radiocarbon dates acquired during earlier and recent field seasons at the Keatley Creek site, southern British Columbia. Results indicate that early occupations predating 1900 cal. B.P. occurred, but were not likely associated with population aggregation and large housepits. The aggregated village appears to have emerged by approximately 1700 cal. B.P. and was abandoned at approximately 800 cal. B.P. A break in the occupational sequence is recognized at 1450-1350 cal. B.P. and one other short break may have occurred shortly after 1250 cal. B.P. Peak socioeconomic complexity appears to have been achieved between 1350 and 800 cal B.P. Climatic warming may have provided a selective environment favoring population aggregation and intensification during this time. The final abandonment of the Keatley Creek village appears to have been part of a regional phenomenon suggesting the possibility that climatic factors were important in this case as well.

Résumé

Résumé

Este reporte se presenta un análisis de fechas de radiocarbono que se obtuvieron en estudios previos y recientes en el sitio de Keatley Creek, localizado en Columbia Británica. Los resultados indican que hubo una ocupación temprana que data del año 1900 cal. A.P., pero que no puede asociarse esto con una agregación de la población y con grandes casas de piedra en hoyos. La aldea agregada aparece aproximadamente alrededor del año 1700 cal. A.P. y fue abandonada alrededor del año 800 cal. A.P. Hay una ruptura en la secuencia ocupacional entre 1450 y 1350 cal A.P. y hubo otra interrupción corta después del año 1250 cal. A.P. El mayor desarrollo socioeconómico y la mayor complejidad al parecer se alcanza entre 1350 y 800 cal. cal. A.P. Un calentamiento climático pudo constituir un ambiente favorable para la agregación y la intensificación poblacional durante este período. El abandono final de la aldea “Keatley Creek” parece haber sido parte de un fenó meno regional, lo cual sugiere la posibilidad de que los factores climatoló gicos también fueron importantes en este caso.

Type
Reports
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for American Archaeology 2003

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