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Caddo Populations in Northeast Texas: A Response to Taylor and Creel

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Timothy K. Perttula
Affiliation:
Archeological & Environmental Consultants, LLC, 10101 Woodhaven Drive, Austin, Texas 78753-4346 (tkp4747@aol.com)
Corresponding
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Abstract

I question Taylor and Creel’s (2012) conclusion regarding the biological relationship between Late Prehistoric Caddo farmers and the earlier Archaic and Woodland forager populations in northeast Texas. Because their study did not include the analysis of non-metric dental traits from Late Archaic (ca. 5000-2500 B.P.) and Woodland (ca. 2500-1150 B.P) forager populations that lived in northeast Texas before ca. A.D. 850, the absence of these data impedes any evaluation of their conclusion about the biological relationships between the Caddo and ancestral populations.

Resumen

Resumen

Pongo en duda la conclusión de Taylor y Creel (2012), respecto a la relación biológica entre los agricultores Caddo del periodo prehistórico tardío y la población de recolectores Woodland del periodo Arcaico establecido en el noreste de Texas. Debido que en sus estudios no incluyen el análisis no métricos de rasgos dentales del periodo Arcaico tardío (5000-2500 años aprox.) y las poblaciones recolectoras de Woodland (2500-1150 años aprox.) que vivieron al noroeste de Texas antes del 850 A.C. aproximadamente; la falta de esta información impide cualquier evaluación sobre las conclusiones acerca de las relaciones biológicas entre los Caddo y las poblaciones ancestrales.

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Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Society for American Archaeology.

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References

Doehner, Karen, and Larson, Richard E. 1978 Archaeological Research at Cooper Lake, Northeast Texas, 1974-75. Research Report No. 108. Archaeology Research Program, Southern Methodist University, Dallas.
Fields, Ross C., Gadus, Eloise F., Wayne Klement, L., Britt Bousman, C., and McLerran, Jerrilyn B. 1993 Excavations at the Tick, Spike, Johns Creek, and Peerless Bottoms Sites, Cooper Lake Project, Delta & Hopkins Counties, Texas. Report of Investigations No. 91. Prewitt and Associates, Inc., Austin.
Harris, R. King, Harris, Inus M., Blaine, Jay C., and Blaine, Jerrylee 1965 A Preliminary Archeological and Documentary Study of the Womack Site, Lamar County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 36:287365.Google Scholar
Jelks, Edward B. 1961 Excavations at Texarkana Reservoir, Sulphur River, Texas. River Basin Survey Papers No. 21. Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Perttula, Timothy K. 2012 The Archaeology of the Caddo in Southwest Arkansas, Northwestern Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and East Texas: An Introduction to the Volume. In Archaeology of the Caddo, edited by Timothy K. Perttula and Chester P. Walker, pp. 125. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.
Perttula, Timothy K., Nelson, Bo, Cast, Robert L., and Gonzalez, Bobby 2010 The Clements Site (41CS25): A Late 17th to Early Wth-Century Nasoni Caddo Settlement and Cemetery. Anthropological Papers No. 92. American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Schambach, Frank F. 2002 Fourche Maline: A Woodland Period Culture of the Trans-Mississippi South. In The Woodland Southeast, edited by David G. Anderson and Robert C. Mainfort, Jr., pp. 91112. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.
Story, Dee Ann 2000 Introduction. In The George C. Davis Site, Cherokee County, Texas, by H. Perry Newell and Alex D. Krieger, pp. 131. 2nd ed. Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.
Taylor, Matthew, and Creel, Darrell 2012 Biological Relationships between Foragers and Farmers of South-Central North America: Nonmetric Dental Traits. American Antiquity 77:99114.Google Scholar
Texas Historic Sites Atlas 2012 41HE46. Texas Historical Commission, http:/nueces.thc.state.tx.us/, accessed January 18,2012.

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