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Instructions for authors

About the Journal

Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (ARER) provides a forum for the dissemination of scholarly work undertaken throughout the world on the economics of agriculture, food, natural resources, rural communities, and the environment in addition to research in their associated subfields.

ARER considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that the manuscript is your own original work, does not duplicate any other previously published work and cites and fully acknowledges previous research that has heavily influenced your work (e.g. the hypothesis, the study design and the data used).  However, the journal does consider articles that have been made previously available as working papers.

Article Types

ARER publishes:  

  • Research Articles*  
  • Editorials to introduce special issues 
  • Forewords on important issues for the field 

*Research articles may be eligible for APC waivers or discounts under one of the agreements Cambridge University Press has made to support open access.

Note also that research articles solely author or co-authored by graduate students may be eligible for expedited peer review, as described in the peer review instructions.

ARER considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that the manuscript is your own original work, does not duplicate any other previously published work and cites and fully acknowledges previous research that has heavily influenced your work (e.g. the hypothesis, the study design and the data used).

Peer Review Process

Articles are selected for publication in ARER following a double-blind peer review process. Each paper is reviewed by two or more referees. A paper may be desk rejected if the editors determine that it is inappropriate for ARER or of insufficient quality to merit peer review.

Special expedited review for papers co-authored by graduate students

The ARER editors have established an expedited review process for manuscripts that are solo authored by graduate students or for which a graduate student is the lead author. The process is designed to take less than four months from submission to final decision. The three-step process works as follows:

  • Upon submission, the manuscript will undergo an expedited review such that the authors will receive a decision and reviews within two months (60 days). The same rigorous review process applied to regular submissions will be applied to papers submitted under Expedited Review.
  • If revisions are requested, authors will be asked to complete their revisions and response to reviewers within 45 days.
  • Upon receipt of the revised manuscript, the ARER editor will make a decision on whether to publish the paper based on its current condition. There will not be a second or third round of revisions, unless the editor determines this is necessary.

Authors who wish to be considered for this expedited review process should choose the 'Research Article - Expedited' article type when submitting to the system and indicate a preference for this in the cover letter to the editors.

Open Access

As of 2016 (Vol 45), all new articles published by ARER are made Open Access (OA), which means that they are made freely accessible online upon publication under a Creative Commons license that also allows others to re-distribute and re-use the article.

Article processing charges

The costs of OA publishing in ARER are paid for by article processing charges (APC) of $1575 (USD), which applies to articles that are accepted for publication in the journal. We expect this charge to be paid by authors as a result of funding they have received through grants or from their institutions. 

Authors in low and middle-income countries as defined by Research4Life automatically receive either a complete waiver or a discount, depending upon the country.

Cambridge University Press has also established Read and Publish agreements with a number of institutions in different countries, which may mean that authors at eligible institutions are entitled to a waiver or discount to the APC.

For more information, see the Waivers and Discounts section on the Cambridge Open Access pages.

Authors without grant or institutional funds to cover the APC can request a discretionary waiver by contacting the publisher prior to submission.

Please note that the decision to accept a paper for publication will rest solely with the editors, without reference to the funding situation of the authors.

Pre-print Policy

A preprint is an early version of an article prior to the version accepted for publication in a journal. ARER allows preprint versions of articles submitted to the journal to be posted to preprint servers and other repositories, but asks authors to include the details of the preprint  (including DOI or other persistent identifier) in the version submitted to the journal. For more details, see the Cambridge University Press policy on preprints

Research Transparency

ARER believes that research articles should contain sufficient information to allow others to understand, verify, and replicate findings. Whenever possible authors should make evidence and resources that underpin published findings, such as data, code, materials, and protocols, available to readers without undue barriers to access. See the ARER Research Transparency policy for more details.

We ask authors submitting to ARER to provide a Data Availability Statement to help readers understand how they can access the data, code and other resources that support the research findings.

For example:

  • Data Availability Statement: The data that support the findings of this study are openly available in [repository name] at[doi], reference number [reference number]. 
  • The data that support the findings will be available in [repository name] at [URL / DOI link] following a [6 month] embargo from the date of publication to allow for commercialisation of research findings. 
  • The data that support the findings of this study are available from [third party]. Restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under licence for this study. Data are available [from the authors / at URL] with the permission of [third party]. 

Further examples of Data Availability Statements can be found here.

Authorship Criteria

Authorship should be based on the following principles, as outlined by the ICMJE and in the Cambridge University Press Publishing Ethics Guidelines:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
    Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  • Final approval of the version to be published.
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Our default position is that the corresponding author has the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors, and we expect the corresponding author to confirm this at the beginning of the submission process.

Preparing to Submit

A guide to prepare your article is below. Articles must be submitted to the ARER ScholarOne site but please read the journal’s policies before you submit.

Articles are selected for publication in ARER following a double-blind peer review process. Authors must anonymise the article file by removing any identifying information. A separate title page containing the authors’ names and institutions must be uploaded and this will only be seen by the ARER editors. 

Title Page

Authors must upload a title page file as a separate file containing the title of the article and the name, department, institution, city and country of each author. The title page is made visible to the editor handling the paper but not the reviewers. In addition, the title page should also include the following:

1. Acknowledgments (optional): You may acknowledge individuals or organisations that provided advice, support (non-financial).

2. Competing Interests (required): Situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on an author’s presentation of their work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations. Competing Interests do not necessarily mean that an author’s work has been compromised. Authors should declare any real or perceived Competing Interests in order to be transparent about the context of their work. If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting the manuscript must include Competing Interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors.

Example wording for a Competing Interest statement is as follows:

Competing Interests: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.

If no Competing Interests exist, the declaration should state:

Competing Interests: Author A and Author B declare none.

3. Data Availability Statement: The title page must contain a Data Availability Statement explaining how data and other resources were created, from where they are available, along with information about any restrictions on the accessibility of data and other resources. See the ARER Transparency and Openness Promotion policy for more details, including example Data Availability Statements

4. Funding Statement (required): Please provide details of the sources of financial support for all authors, including grant numbers. For example:

Funding Statement: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (grant number XXXXXXX).

Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma and space, and where research was funded by more than one agency the different agencies should be separated by a semi-colon, with 'and' before the final funder. Grants held by different authors should be identified as belonging to individual authors by the authors' initials. For example:

Funding Statement: This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (A.B., grant numbers XXXX, YYYY), (C.D., grant number ZZZZ); the Natural Environment Research Council (E.F., grant number FFFF); and the Australian Research Council (A.B., grant number GGGG), (E.F., grant number HHHH).

Where no specific funding has been provided for research, please provide the following statement:

Funding Statement: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Article File

Authors can submit to ARER in Word or LaTeX.

Word: The manuscript should be submitted as an 8.5 x 11 inch Word document with 1-inch margins and all material, including references and footnotes, double-spaced. Number footnotes (do not use endnotes) consecutively throughout the manuscript using superscript numbers. Do not numbered headings or subheadings and avoid third-level headings.

Tables and Figures/Graphics

All tables and figures should be included at the end of the manuscript text file. Each table and figure should be placed on a separate page. Table titles should be short and descriptive. Do not include figure captions in the graphic itself.

When providing the final version of your manuscript, all tables and figures must be editable so they can be conformed to ARER style. Tables can be provided in Word’s table function or as an Excel document. Please provide figures and charts in the original format (e.g. Excel, PowerPoint, GIS-export image). Include the title and all accompanying notes and captions in editable form.

Mathematical Notation

Use only essential mathematical notation. Avoid using the same character for both superscripts and subscripts, using capital letters as superscripts and subscripts, and using overbars, tildes, carets, and other modifications of standard type.

For in-paragraph mathematical notations, provide all math notation as text characters rather than as equations. Use character formatting for bold (vectors and matrices), italics (variables), and superscript and subscript style. Do not italicize numbers or Greek letters.

Numbered equations should be left-justified.


ARER uses the Chicago Manual of Style for references. List references alphabetically and unnumbered at the end of the manuscript with the heading "References." List only those cited in text. Cite references in the text by the name(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication (Author 2013). Only use et al. in citations with four or more names. Use letters (e.g., 1999a and 1999b) if there is more than one source by the same author or authors in a given year. Provide volume and issue number for all journal articles. Do not abbreviate journal titles. Generally, capitalize all appropriate words in titles with article titles enclosed in parentheses and report and book titles italicized.

Sample references


Please provide publisher’s state/country if the city is less well-known or occurs in more than one state/country.

Gardner, B. 2002. American Agriculture in the Twentieth Century: How It Flourished and What It Cost. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Just, R.E., and S. Netanyahu (eds.). 1998. Conflict and Cooperation on Trans-Boundary Water Resources. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Greene, W.H. 1997. Econometric Analysis (3rd edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Book Review

Yardley, J. 2004. Review of Ulysses S. Grant: The Unlikely Hero by Michael Korda. Washington Post Book World, September 19.


[dataset] Farhi, E., Maggiori, M., 2017. "Replication Data for: 'A Model of the International Monetary System'", Harvard Dataverse, V1.

Journal Articles

Horan, R.D., J.S. Shortle, and D.G. Abler. 2004. “The Coordination and Design of Point-Nonpoint Trading Programs and Agri-Environmental Policies.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 33(1): 61–78.

Newspaper and Magazine Articles

Editorial. 1994. “A Foreboding Thaw.” The New York Times, November 27.

Ritchie, J. 2001. “Guess What Hit the Fan...” Today’s Farmer, June/July.

Multiple-Year Source / Various Issues

National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2000–2010. Agricultural Statistics. NASS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. Various issues.

Online Sources

For online sources, provide the month and year of access plus the publication date if provided. For citing references in text, use publication date; if no date is provided, use access date. Avoid providing URL information for sources also available in print format.

National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2001a. “Farm Labor” web page. NASS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. Available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.ed... -bb (accessed March 2002).

U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1997. 1997 U.S. Economic Census of Retail Trade. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC. Available at (accessed December 1998).

Farm Service Administration. 2003. List of Delaware Agricultural Lands Program (DALP) participant names and nonparticipant information. FSA, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. Available at (accessed May 30, 2003).

Government Sources

Delaware Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics Service. 2003. Delaware Agricultural Statistics Summary, 2001–2002. Dover, DE.

Elmore, T., J. Jaksch, and D. Downing. 1985. “Point/Nonpoint Source Trading Programs for Dillon Reservoir and Planned Extensions for Other Areas.” In U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Perspectives on Nonpoint Source Pollution. EPA, Washington, DC.

Economic Research Service. 1993. “Rural-Urban Continuum Code.” ERS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

Malik, A.S., and R.A. Shoemaker. 1993. Optimal Costsharing to Reduce Agricultural Pollution. Technical Bulletin 1820, Economic Research Service, U.S.Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

Sharpley, A.N., T. Daniels, T. Sims, J. Lemunyon, R. Stevens, and R. Parry. 1999. Agricultural Phosphorus and Eutrophication. ARS Pub. 149, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

Miscellaneous Institutions and Organizations

Faeth, P. 2000. “Fertile Ground: Nutrient Trading’s Potential to Cost-eff ectively Improve Water Quality.”

Water Resources Institute, Washington, DC. Freeman III, A.M. 1990. “Water Pollution Policy.” In P. Portney, ed., Policies for Environmental Protection. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC.


Isik, M. 2001. “Technology Adoption Decisions under Uncertainty.” Selected paper presented at the 2001 annual meetings of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Chicago, IL.

Press Release

Associated Press. 1998. “Bill Would End Ban on Commodities.” National press release, April 4.


Cardon, B.P. 1985. “Challenges Facing Land-Grant Institutions.” In Research Perspectives: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Research Agenda for the State Agricultural Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy, Cooperative State Research Service, Washington, DC.

Bulletins, Reports, and Miscellaneous Publications

Coale, F.J. 1999. The Maryland Phosphorus Site Index: A Technical User’s Guide. College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland, College Park.


STATA (software). 1999. User’s Guide (Version 6). College Station, TX: Stata Press.

Personal Communication

For personal communications and correspondence, the author must provide an e-mail from the contact to the editors authorizing the use of the text exactly as written.

Arts, T. 2001. Dairy farmer, Thamesford, Ontario, Canada. Personal communication.

Magner, J. 2001. Hydrologist, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St. Paul, MN. Personal communication regarding stream bank erosion estimates (March).

Theses and Dissertations

Engel, P.D. 2002. “An Ex Ante Real Options Analysis of Automatic Milking Systems in Pennsylvania and the Northeast.” M.S. thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,  Pennsylvania State University.

Forthcoming Material

Omit the year in the standard style and replace it with “forthcoming.” Italicized in text; Roman in References.

Working Papers

Olson, L.J., and S. Roy. 2003. “The Economics of Controlling a Biological Invasion.” Working Paper

03-06, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Maryland, College Park.

Unpublished Material

For unpublished material, provide a URL and the date (month/year) accessed or sufficient other information to enable readers to find it. If no URL or other access is available, the authors must provide the editors with an electronic copy, and the citation in the references must include a statement that a copy of the material is on file with the authors.

Haab, T.C., J. Whitehead, and T. McConnell. 2000. “The Economic Value of Marine Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States.” Report prepared for National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Regional Office, St. Petersburg, FL.

Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 1997. “IMPLAN Pro Case Studies.” Unpublished report, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. A copy of this report is on file with the authors.

Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2003. Unpublished data on conservation program payments to farmers. NRCS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. A copy of this material is on file with the authors.

Author Checklist

Here is a short checklist for first submission. Make sure the following steps are completed before you submit your article:

1. The manuscript file is anonymised and does not contain the names of the authors anywhere.

2. The manuscript contains abstract and JEL classifications (first page)

3. A separate title page file contains information about authors, their affiliations (department, institution, city and country) and competing interest statement, funding statement, and data availability statement.

4. All Tables, Figures and References are formatted according to the ARER style as described above.

Submit your article through the ARER ScholarOne system.


Agricultural and Resource Economics Review now requires that all corresponding authors identify themselves using their ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript to the journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you’ve authored.
  •  Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  •  Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

If you don’t already have an iD, you’ll need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to Agricultural and Resource Economics Review . You can register for one directly from your user account on Scholar One or via

If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting, either by linking it to your Scholar One account or supplying it during submission by using the “Associate your existing ORCID ID” button.

Publishing Ethics

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and adheres to its guidelines on research and publications ethics.

Articles submitted to ARER  are run through the iThenticate tool for plagiarism detection. 

Digital Preservation

Cambridge University Press publications are deposited in the following digital archives to guarantee long-term digital preservation:

  • CLOCKSS (journals)
  • Portico (journals and books)

Promoting Your Article

On publication, authors will be contacted by Cambridge University Press with a link to their published article.

ARER encourages authors to actively promote their articles to colleagues and others through social media and other forum. Your published ARER article will be open access, so it is available for anyone, anywhere in the world with an internet connection to read and share.

Cambridge University Press has put together some guides for authors to help them promote your work, which you can see here:

See other resources on Cambridge University Press’s Author Hub page.