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Gambling activity in the old-age general population

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2021

Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Perinatal Nursing, School of Nursing, Universitat de Barcelona – UB, Barcelona, Spain
Roser Granero
Affiliation:
Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain Department de Psicobiologia i Metodologia, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain Psychiatry and Mental Health Group, Neuroscience Program, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge – IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona – UB, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Teresa Mena-Moreno
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Gemma Mestre-Bach
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain
Mónica Gómez-Peña
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Laura Moragas
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Neus Aymamí
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Isabelle Giroux
Affiliation:
Centre d'Excellence pour la Prévention et le Traitement du Jeu, Faculté de Sciences Sociales, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
Marie Grall-Bronnec
Affiliation:
INSERM, SPHERE U1246, University of Nantes, Nantes, France
Anne Sauvaget
Affiliation:
CHU Nantes, Movement – Interactions – Performance (MIP), University of Nantes, Nantes, France
Ester Codina
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
María Lozano-Madrid
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Zaida Agüera
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Perinatal Nursing, School of Nursing, Universitat de Barcelona – UB, Barcelona, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Jéssica Sánchez-González
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Gemma Casalé
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Isabel Baenas
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Isabel Sánchez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Hibai López-González
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
José M. Menchón
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Psychiatry and Mental Health Group, Neuroscience Program, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge – IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona – UB, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Salut Mental (CIBERsam), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain Psychiatry and Mental Health Group, Neuroscience Program, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge – IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona – UB, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
Corresponding

Abstract

Old age constitutes a vulnerable stage for developing gambling-related problems. The aims of the study were to identify patterns of gambling habits in elderly participants from the general population, and to assess socio-demographic and clinical variables related to the severity of the gambling behaviours. The sample included N = 361 participants aged in the 50–90 years range. A broad assessment included socio-demographic variables, gambling profile and psychopathological state. The percentage of participants who reported an absence of gambling activities was 35.5 per cent, while 46.0 per cent reported only non-strategic gambling, 2.2 per cent only strategic gambling and 16.3 per cent both non-strategic plus strategic gambling. Gambling form with highest prevalence was lotteries (60.4%), followed by pools (13.9%) and bingo (11.9%). The prevalence of gambling disorder was 1.4 per cent, and 8.0 per cent of participants were at a problematic gambling level. Onset of gambling activities was younger for men, and male participants also reached a higher mean for the bets per gambling-episode and the number of total gambling activities. Risk factors for gambling severity in the sample were not being born in Spain and a higher number of cumulative lifetime life events, and gambling severity was associated with a higher prevalence of tobacco and alcohol abuse and with worse psychopathological state. Results are particularly useful for the development of reliable screening tools and for the design of effective prevention programmes.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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