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Preparing your materials

Policy on prior publication

When authors submit manuscripts to this journal, these manuscripts should not be under consideration, accepted for publication or in press within a different journal, book or similar entity, unless explicit permission or agreement has been sought from all entities involved. However, deposition of a preprint on the author’s personal website, in an institutional repository, or in a preprint archive shall not be viewed as prior or duplicate publication. Authors should follow the Cambridge University Press Preprint Policy regarding preprint archives and maintaining the version of record. 

Preparing your article for submission

Papers must be written in British English (not American English).

Papers should be prepared in either Microsoft Word or LaTeX format, and initially should have figures and tables embedded. If the paper is prepared in Word, the doc file can be uploaded during submission, and the submission system will generate a PDF for review purposes. For authors using MS Word, please note that equations must NOT be converted to picture format and the file must be saved with the option ’make equation editable’. When using special character sets a PDF should be made from the final accepted version of the Word Doc.

If the paper is prepared in LaTeX, the author must generate a PDF and upload this during the submission process. Authors should use the AER.cls style file and supporting files provided below:

LaTeX files for submission (zip file)

The LATEX source file should not initially be submitted alongside the PDF, but upon provisional acceptance of the paper, the LATEX source file, along with individual figure files and a PDF of the final version, will need to be submitted for typesetting purposes. See the publication process after acceptance page for further information.


The title should be kept short and concise.

Abstract and Keywords preparation

All papers should feature a single-paragraph abstract of no more than 150 words, which provides a short summary of the main aims, results and conclusions. Further guidance on writing an effective abstract can be found here.

Authors should not enter keywords on the manuscript, as these must be chosen by the author during the online submission process and will then be added during the production process. Authors will be required to select a minimum of two keywords from the list provided on the online submission system. For further details, please see the submitting your materials page.


Papers should contain a nomenclature. A list of all symbols and abbreviations used in the text and figures, whether familiar or not, should be given in alphabetical order with, for example, c before C and all English letters listed before Greek symbols. Subscripts and superscripts should be listed separately where possible. SI units are preferable.


Discuss the raison d’être of the work, including previous work by others and how the work presented aims to advance or complement this.

Equations, Tables and Artwork


Equations must be numbered in brackets ...(1). Each equation should be produced electronically in Word preferably using either Equation Manager or MathType. Variables should be in italics. Constants should be in plain text. Vectors and matrices should be in plain text but bold. Cos, sin, tan should begin in lower case and be in plain text. Tables


Tables should have a number and a caption. Each Table caption should be placed above the Table. Each table should be cited in numerical order in the text


There is no charge for colour figures. Text files of the manuscript should clearly state the preferred position of the figures. All figures must be cited within the manuscript and for users of Word, figure captions should be included at the end of the manuscript after the references. References to figures in the text should be referred to as: Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 or Figure 1 if at the start of a sentence. Figures in an appendix must be numbered separately from those in the main text, eg ‘Fig. A1’. To ensure that figures are reproduced to the highest possible standards, Cambridge University Press recommends the following formats and resolutions for supplying electronic figures:

Formats: TIFF, EPS, JPEG or PN
Colour mode: RGB
Resolution: 200 dpi

Tables, graphs and lineart
Format: EPS, JPEG or PNG
Colour mode: RGB or grayscale
Resolution: 150dpi

For further information, please consult the Cambridge Journals artwork guide


This section should be very concise and bullet points are recommended for clarity. The degree to which the aims have been achieved should be portrayed clearly to the reader. Suggestions for future work or comments on work in progress are encouraged. 


Acknowledgements should be included at the end of the paper, before the References section or any appendicies.


References should be numbered sequentially in the text as they occur and placed at the end of the manuscript. The examples below show how to format article(1), report(2), review(3) and book(4) references. Authors’ names should be in small Caps. DOI numbers should be included with references if possible. The reference formats should conform to the current Journal style, as in the following examples:

  • Article

1. MILLER, P. and WILSON, M. Wall jets created by single and twin high pressure jet impingement, Aeronaut J, March 1993, 97, (963), pp 87-100.

  • Report

2. GREEN, J.E., WEEKS, D.J. and BROOMAN, J.W.F. Prediction of turbulent boundary layers and wakes in compressible flow, ARC R&M No 3791, 1979.

  • Review

3. VINCENTY, M. Direct and inverse solutions of geodesics on the ellipsoid with application of nested equations, 1975, Technical Report XXIII, No 176, Survey Review. 

  • Books
4. KING-HELE, D. Satellite Orbits in an Atmosphere, Blackie, Glasgow, UK, 1987.


If no suitable reference is available appendices may be used to clarify certain points, such as a step in the theoretical analysis. Appendices may be hosted online as supplementary material if they are not a core part of the submitted paper. 

English language editing services 

Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This step is optional, but may help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the Editor and any reviewers.  

In order to help prospective authors to prepare for submission and to reach their publication goals, Cambridge University Press offers a range of high-quality manuscript preparation services – including language editing – delivered in partnership with American Journal Experts. You can find out more on our Language Services page.

Please note that the use of any of these services is voluntary, and at the author's own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal. 

Seeking permission for copyrighted material

If your article contains any material in which you do not own copyright, including figures, charts, tables, photographs or excerpts of text, you must obtain permission from the copyright holder to reuse that material. As the author it is your responsibility to obtain this permission and pay any related fees, and you will need to send us a copy of each permission statement at acceptance.

For information on how to obtain permission, please refer to this guidance document

Competing Interests

All authors must include a competing interest declaration in their main manuscript file. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article. 

Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations. 

If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. 

Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author 1 is employed at organisation A, Author 2 is on the Board of company B and is a member of organisation C. Author 3 has received grants from company D.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”. 

Ethics and Transparency Policy requirements

Please refer to The Aeronautical Journal's Publishing Ethics and Research Transparency policies when preparing your manuscript.

Authorship and contributorship

All authors listed on any papers submitted to this journal must be in agreement that the authors listed would all be considered authors according to disciplinary norms, and that no authors who would reasonably be considered an author have been excluded. For further details on this journal’s authorship policy, please see this journal's publishing ethics policies.

Names should be presented in the order they should appear on the published paper. Each author’s organisation to which they are associated should be included with accompanying address. Please note the authors’ organisations and email addresses will be published unless requested not to.

During the submission process, the Corresponding Author must declare that they have the authority of all co-authors for the submission. The Corresponding Author will be asked this question when they submit the article for review.

Author affiliations

Author affiliations should represent the institution(s) at which the research presented was conducted and/or supported and/or approved. For non-research content, any affiliations should represent the institution(s) with which each author is currently affiliated. 

For more information, please see our author affiliation policy and author affiliation FAQs.


We encourage authors to identify themselves using ORCID when submitting a manuscript to this journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration with key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you have authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

See our ORCID FAQs for more information. If you don’t already have an iD, you can create one by registering directly at

Supplementary materials

Material that is not essential to understanding or supporting a manuscript, but which may nonetheless be relevant or interesting to readers, may be submitted as supplementary material. Supplementary material will be published online alongside your article, but will not be published in the pages of the journal. Types of supplementary material may include, but are not limited to, appendices, additional tables or figures, datasets, videos, and sound files.

Supplementary materials will not be typeset or copyedited, so should be supplied exactly as they are to appear online. Please see our general guidance on supplementary materials for further information.

Where relevant we encourage authors to publish additional qualitative or quantitative research outputs in an appropriate repository, and cite these in manuscripts.

Author Hub

You can find guides for many aspects of publishing with Cambridge at Author Hub, our suite of resources for Cambridge authors.