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How to Prepare Your Team for an Emergency

A Preseason Planning Exercise in Four Parts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 March 2021

Kurt P. Eifling*
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus College of Medicine, 1125 North College Avenue, Fayetteville, AR 72703, USA; Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, 111 Colchester Avenue, Main Campus, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
*Corresponding
(kurteifling@gmail.com, corresponding author)

Abstract

Any field team, regardless of the professionalism of the leadership, will eventually experience a critical event. Some events will result in a subtle degradation of the team's work; others will cause emergent threats to the safety of the team. A team's sustained performance during a field season depends partly on such chance events and partly with the team's ability to plan for and respond to the dynamic environment of the field. The duty of a field leader is to conduct clear-eyed conversations and ensure that solid preparations are laid for both the group as a whole and the individual team members. Some of these plans need to be manifested by material preparations, some of which require months of forethought. This article walks readers through a two-hour exercise, giving them frameworks from business continuity and military field doctrines to understand risk. Readers will conduct a SWOT analysis, define emergencies within their organizations, and then apply risk management practices of qualitative risk assessment and all-hazards planning to develop planning priorities. By the end, readers will have built specific action plans for improving field season readiness.

Cualquier equipo de campo, independientemente del profesionalismo de su liderazgo, eventualmente experimentará un evento crítico. Algunos de estos eventos resultarán en la degradación del trabajo del equipo; otros provocarán nuevas amenazas para su seguridad. El desempeño sostenido de un equipo durante la temporada de campo, depende por un lado de tales eventos fortuitos y en parte, de la capacidad del equipo para planificar y responder al entorno dinámico del campo. El deber de un líder de campo es mantener conversaciones claras y asegurarse de que se lleve a cabo una preparación sólida, tanto para el grupo en su conjunto, como para cada miembro del equipo. Algunos de estos planes requieren de la preparación de materiales y meses de planificación. Este artículo guía a los lectores a través de un ejercicio de dos horas, brindándoles un marco estructural sobre doctrinas de continuidad de negocios y el ámbito militar para entender riesgos. Los lectores realizarán un análisis FODA y definirán emergencias dentro de sus organizaciones, para luego aplicar prácticas de gestión de riesgos en la evaluación de riesgos cualitativos y el planeamiento de todo peligro, a fin de establecer prioridades en la planificación. Al final, los lectores habrán elaborado planes de acción específicos para mejorar la preparación de la temporada de campo.

Type
How to Series
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Society for American Archaeology

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