Published online by Cambridge University Press: 23 March 2015
In this paper, the Chebyshev-Galerkin spectral approximations are employed to investigate Poisson equations and the fourth order equations in one dimension. Meanwhile, p-version finite element methods with Chebyshev polynomials are utilized to solve Poisson equations. The efficient and reliable a posteriori error estimators are given for different models. Furthermore, the a priori error estimators are derived independently. Some numerical experiments are performed to verify the theoretical analysis for the a posteriori error indicators and a priori error estimations.