Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: July 2020

7 - Forestry Crimes and Our Planet

from Part I - Wicked Problems and Policies

Summary

Forestry crimes include illegal logging, which is a contributing factor to deforestation across the globe. An estimated 189 to 565 million cubic metres of timber are cut illegally in some form. Forestry crimes are estimated by INTERPOL and the United Nations to be valued at US$51–152 billion annually. Much of this harvest is used for wood fuel and charcoal, and the proceeds from illegal logging are sometimes used to fund terrorist groups. Globally, (excluding illegal logging for wood fuel and charcoal). To date, the only effective interventions have been the efforts by the Brazilian government using targeted law enforcement efforts to combat illegal logging, the result of which was a 76% reduction in deforestation.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Amancio, N. L. 2018. The last trees of the Amazon. OjoPúblico. 30 September 2018. Available at: https://ojo-publico.com/especiales/dirty-timber/ (accessed 30 January 2019).
Blombäck, P., Poschen, P. and Lövgren, M.. 2003. Employment Trends and Prospects in the European Forest Sector. Rome: UN FAO. Available at: www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/timber/docs/efsos/03-sept/dp-29.pdf (accessed 25 June 2018).
Boucher, D., May-Tobin, C., Lininger, K., et al. 2011. The Root of the Problem: What’s Driving Tropical Deforestation Today? Union of Concerned Scientists. Available at: www.ucsusa.org/sites/default/files/legacy/assets/documents/global_warming/UCS_RootoftheProblem_DriversofDeforestation_FullReport.pdf (accessed 29 January 2019).
Cardona, A. J. P. 2017. The Deforestation Gangs of Colombia. Pacific Standard. 8 August. Available at: https://psmag.com/environment/deforestation-gangs-of-colombia( accessed 6 December 2018).
Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office. 2012. Deforestation and Greenhouse Gases. Available at: www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/112th-congress-2011-2012/reports/1-6-12-forest.pdf (accessed 29 January 2019).
Costanza, R., de Groot, R., Sutton, P., et al. 2014. Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26:152158.
Environmental Investigation Agency. 2015. Addressing ASEAN’s Regional Rosewood Crisis: An Urgent Call to Action. 29 April 2015. Available at: https://eia-international.org/report/addressing-aseans-regional-rosewood-crisis-an-urgent-call-to-action/ (accessed 29 January 2019).
FAOSTAT. 2019. Forestry Production and Trade. Available at: www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FO (accessed 30 January 2019).
Global Forest Watch. 2018. Colombia. Available at: www.globalforestwatch.org/dashboards/country/COL?category=forest-change (accessed 6 December 2018).
INTERPOL. 2014. Resolution No. 3 AG-2014-RES-03. Available at: www.interpol.int/content/download/26799/362412/version/4/file/AG-2014-RES-03percent20Epercent20ENVIRONMENTALpercent20SECURITY.pdf (accessed 30 January 2019).
INTERPOL. 2018. Norway Steps up Fight against Illegal Deforestation with UN, INTERPOL. Available at: www.interpol.int/News-and-media/News/2018/N2018-062 (accessed 30 January 2019).
IPBES. 2018. Summary for Policymakers of the Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Bonn: IPBES Secretariat.
Lizcano, M. F. 2018. Criminal Mafias take over Colombian forests. Mongabay Series: Global Forests. 7 September 2018. Available at: https://news.mongabay.com/2018/09/criminal-mafias-take-over-colombian-forests/ (accessed 6 December 2018).
Nellemann, C., Henriksen, R., Pravettoni, R., et al., editors. 2018. World Atlas of Illicit Flows. Norway: RHIPTO – Norwegian Centre for Global Analyses, INTERPOL and the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.
Nepstad, D., McGrath, D., Stickler, C. et al. 2014. Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains. Science 344:11181123.
Peters, B. G. 2017. What is so wicked about wicked problems? A conceptual analysis and a research program. Policy and Society 36(3):385396.
Schlingemann, L. (Editor in Chief); de Bortoli, I., Favilli, F., Egerer, H., et al., editors. 2017. Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime in the Danube-Carpathian Region. A UN Environment – Eurac Research – WWF Report. Available at: www.unep.org (accessed 30 June 2018).
Smeby, F., Henriksen, R. and Nellemann, C.. 2016. Combating Poaching and Illegal Logging in Tanzania: Voices of the Rangers – Hands-On Experiences from the Field. Norway: GRID-Arendal, RHIPTO.
Statista. 2016. Distribution of Paper Production Worldwide in 2016 by Region. Available at: www.statista.com/statistics/595787/paper-production-worldwide-distribution-by-region/ (accessed 25 June 2018).
Tollefson, J. 2015. Stopping deforestation: battle for the Amazon. Nature 520:2023.
UNEP/INTERPOL. 2012. Green Carbon, Black Trade: Illegal Logging, Tax Fraud and Laundering in the World’s Tropical Forests. A UNEP Rapid Response Assessment. Nellemann, C., editor. Norway: GRID-Arendal. Available at: www.grida.no/publications/126 (accessed 29 January 2019).
UNEP/INTERPOL. 2016. The Rise of Environmental Crime – A Growing Threat to Natural Resources Peace, Development and Security. A UNEP- INTERPOL Rapid Response Assessment. Nellemann, C., Henriksen, R., Kreilhuber, A., Stewart, D., Kotsovou, M., Raxter, P., Mrema, E. and Barrat, S., editors. Norway: United Nations Environment Programme and RHIPTO Rapid Response–Norwegian Center for Global Analyses. Available at: www.rhipto.org
UNEP/INTERPOL. 2014. The Environmental Crime Crisis – Threats to Sustainable Development from Illegal Exploitation and Trade in Wildlife and Forest Resources. A UNEP Rapid Response Assessment. Nellemann, C., Henriksen, R., Raxter, P., Ash, N., and Mrema, E., editors. Norway: United Nations Environment Programme and GRID-Arendal, Nairobi and Arendal. Available at: www.grida.no
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). 2019. Coca Crops in Colombia at All-Time High, UNODC Report finds. Available at: www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2018/September/coca-crops-in-colombia-at-all-time-high--unodc-report-finds.html (accessed 30 January 2019).
UN Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 2011. S/2011/433 Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council resolution 1916 (2010), 18 July 2011. Available at: www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2011/433 (accessed 25 June 2018).
UN Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 2013. S/2013/413. Report on the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council resolution 2060 (2012): Somalia. 12 July 2013. Available at: www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/2013/413 (accessed 30 January 2019).
UN Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 2016. S/2016/919. Report on Somalia of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 7 October 2016. Available at: www.undocs.org/S/2016/919 (accessed 29 January 2019).
UN Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 2017. S/2017/924. Report on Somalia of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. 2 November 2017. Available at: www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/percent7b65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9percent7d/s_2017_924.pdf (accessed 30 January 2019).
UNODC. 2018. Coca Crops in Colombia at all-time high, UNODC Report finds. 19 September 2018. Available at: www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2018/September/coca-crops-in-colombia-at-all-time-high--unodc-report-finds.html (accessed 29 January 2019).
UNODC. 2019. Organized Crime. Available at: www.unodc.org/unodc/en/organized-crime/index.html (accessed 29 January 2019).
Volckhausen, T. 2017. Colombia faces soaring deforestation following FARC guerilla demobilization. Earth Island Journal. 7 August 2017. Available at: www.earthisland.org/journal/index.php/articles/entry/colombia_faces_soaring_deforestation_farc_guerrilla_demobilization/ (accessed 6 December 2018).