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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: July 2020

3 - Forest Certification and Forest Use

from Part I - Wicked Problems and Policies


Forest certification, developed in 1993, is one means to resolve wicked forestry problems. This non-state market-driven process was highly anticipated to succeed in improving forest management, sustainability and governance, where regulation had fallen short. Forest certification has had substantial accomplishments and this chapter compares and analyses the two competing global forest certification schemes, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification.

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