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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

Chapter 17 - Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Summary

The use of neuroimaging in the evaluation of epilepsy dates back to X-ray radiography, which was obtained in the early temporal lobe surgical evaluations.1,2 In the 1940s the first temporal lobectomy was performed and skull X-ray, along with air encephalography, was obtained to detect findings such as dilatation of the horns of the lateral ventricles, as well as changes in the middle cranial fossa curvature.2,3 Although with further evaluations these findings were not substantiated, dilatation of the temporal horns on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be a finding in mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS).4

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