Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Cited by 15
  • 24.99 (GBP)
    Digital access for individuals
    (PDF download and/or read online)
    Add to cart
    Added to cart
    Digital access for individuals
    (PDF download and/or read online)
    View cart
  • Export citation
  • Buy a print copy
  • Recommend to librarian

Book description

South Asia is home to a range of extremist groups from the jihadists of Pakistan to the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka. In the popular mind, extremism and terrorism are invariably linked to ethnic and religious factors. Yet the dominant history of South Asia is notable for tolerance and co-existence, despite highly plural societies. Deepa Ollapally examines extremist groups in Kashmir, Afghanistan, Northeast India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka to offer a fresh perspective on the causes of extremism. What accounts for its rise in societies not historically predisposed to extremism? What determines the winners and losers in the identity struggles in South Asia? What tips the balance between more moderate versus extremist outcomes? The book argues that politics, inter-state and international relations often play a more important role in the rise of extremism in South Asia than religious identity, poverty, and state repression.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Save to Kindle
  • Save to Dropbox
  • Save to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Aall, Pamela and Ollapally, Deepa (eds.), Perspectives on the Role of Education and Media in Conflict Management in South Asia (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, forthcoming 2008)
Abdullah, F. H., “Affirmative Action Policy in Malaysia: To Restructure Society, to Eradicate Poverty,” Ethnic Studies Report, 15.2 (1997)
Afzal, M. Rafique, Pakistan: History and Politics 1947–1971 (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2001)
Ahmad, Imtiaz and Reifeld, Helmut (eds.), Lived Islam in South Asia: Adaptation, Accommodation and Conflict (New Delhi: Social Science Press, 2004)
Ahmed, Imtiaz, “Governance and the International Development Community: Making Sense of the Bangladesh Experience,” Contemporary South Asia, 8.3 (1999)
Ahmed, Imtiaz“The Role of Education in Conflict: Bangladesh,” in Aall, and Ollapally, (eds.), Perspectives
Akbar, M. J., Kashmir: Behind the Vale (New Delhi: Lotus Collection of Roli Books, 2002)
Alexander, Yonah (ed.), International Terrorism: National, Regional and Global Perspectives (New York: Praeger, 1976)
Allen, Charles, “The Hidden Roots of Wahhabism in British India,” World Policy Journal, 22.2 (2005)
Antonio, Robert J.After Postmodernism: Reactionary Tribalism,” American Journal of Sociology, 106.2 (2000)
,Asia Foundation, The, Voter Education Planning Survey: Afghanistan 2004 National Elections, A Report Based on a Public Opinion Poll (The Asia Foundation: New York, 2004)
Ayoob, Mohammed, “Political Islam: Image and Reality,” World Policy Journal, 21.3 (2004)
Ayoob, Mohammed and Subrahmanyam, K., The Liberation War (New Delhi: S. Chand & Co., 1972)
Azad, Abdul Kalam, India Wins Freedom: An Autobiographical Narrative (Bombay: Orient Longman, 1959)
Bajpai, Kanti P., Roots of Terrorism (New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2002)
Balachandran, G., “Religion and Nationalism in Modern India,” in Basu, and Subrahmanyam, (eds.), Unravelling the Nation
Banerjee, Mukulika, The Pathan Unarmed: Opposition and Memory in the North West Frontier (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000)
Banu, Razia Akhtar, Islam in Bangladesh (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992)
Banu, Razia Akhtar“Jamaat-i-Islami in Bangladesh: Challenges and Prospects,” in Mutalib, Jussain and Hashmi, Tajul Islam (eds.) Islam, Muslims and the Modern State (London: Macmillan Press, 1994)
Banu, Razia AkhtarPaper presented at a panel on “Religious Politics: Is Bangladesh Vulnerable to Extremism?” at Bangladesh: Democracy, Governance and Resources, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, April 29, 2004
Baruah, Sanjib, India Against Itself: Assam and the Politics of Nationality (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999)
Basu, Amrita and Kohli, Atul, “Community Conflicts and the State in India,” The Journal of Asian Studies, 56.2 (1997)
Basu, Kaushik and Subrahmanyam, Sanjay (eds.), Unravelling the Nation: Sectarian Conflict and India's Secular Identity (New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1996)
Behera, Navnita Chadha, “Kashmir: Redefining the US Role,” The Brookings Institution Policy Brief No. 110 (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 2002)
Benjamin, Daniel and Simon, Steven, The Age of Sacred Terror (New York: Random House, 2002)
Bhargava, Rajeev (ed.), Secularism and Its Critics (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999)
Bhargava, Rajeev“What is Secularism For?” in Bhargava, (ed.), Secularism and Its Critics
Bhuiyan, Md. Abdul Wadud, Emergence of Bangladesh and Role of Awami League (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1982)
Bilgrami, Akeel, “The Clash Within Civilizations,” Daedalus, 123.3 (2003)
Blackburn, Robin (ed.), Explosion in a Subcontinent (New York: Penguin Books, 1975)
Blank, Jonah, “Kashmir: Fundamentalism Takes Root,” Foreign Affairs, 78.6 (1999)
Bose, Sumantra, The Challenge in Kashmir (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1997)
Bose, SumantraKashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003)
Bradsher, Henry S., Afghanistan and the Soviet Union (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1983)
Brass, Paul, Ethnicity and Nationalism (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1991)
Brass, Paul (ed.), Riots and Pogroms (New York University Press, 1996)
Bullion, Alan J., India, Sri Lanka and the Tamil Crisis 1976–1994: An International Perspective (London: Pinter, 1995)
Burr, William (ed.), The September 11th Sourcebooks, Volume IV: The Once and Future King? From the Secret Files on King Zahir's Reign in Afghanistan, 1970–1973, National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 59, October 26, 2001
Byman, Dan, Deadly Connections: States That Sponsor Terrorism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005)
Callinicos, Alex, Against Postmodernism (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990)
,Center for Economic and Social Rights, Human Rights and Reconstruction in Afghanistan (New York: CESR, May 2002)
,Center on International Cooperation, Regional Approaches to the Reconstruction of Afghanistan, Summary of a conference to discuss regional peacebuilding held in Istanbul, June 3–5, 2002 (New York: CIC, 2002)
Chadda, Maya, “Integration through Internal Reorganization: Containing Ethnic Conflict in India,” The Global Review of Ethnopolitics, 2.1 (2002)
Chandhoke, Neera, Beyond Secularism: The Rights of Religious Minorities (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999)
Chandran, Suba, “Recent Developments in Kashmir I: Hizbul Ceasefire – Why?,” Article No. 401 (New Delhi: Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, 2000)
Choudhury, G. W., The Last Days of United Pakistan (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974)
Coelho, Vincent, Across the Palk Straits: India–Sri Lanka Relations (New Delhi: Palit & Palit, 1976)
Cohen, Stephen, The Idea of Pakistan (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2004)
Coll, Steve, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan and bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 (New York: Penguin Books, 2004)
,Committee for Rational Development, “Selected Documents of the Committee for Rational Development July 1983–March 1984,” in ,Committee for Rational Development (ed.) Sri Lanka
,Committee for Rational Development (ed.), Sri Lanka: The Ethnic Conflict (New Delhi: Navrang Publishers, 1984)
Cooley, John, Unholy Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism (London: Pluto Press, 2002)
Coomaraswamy, Radhika, “‘Through the Looking Glass Darkly:’ The Politics of Ethnicity,” in ,Committee for Rational Development (ed.), Sri Lanka
Cooper, Barry, New Political Religions, or an Analysis of Modern Terrorism (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004)
Cossman, Brenda, and Kapur, Ratna, Secularism's Last Sigh? Hindutva and the (Mis)Rule of Law (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999)
Crenshaw, Martha, “The Psychology of Terrorism: An Agenda for the 21st Century,” Political Psychology 21.2 (2002)
Cronin, Audrey Kurth, The Diplomacy of Counterterrorism: Lessons Learned, Ignored and Disputed, Special Report No. 80 (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, January 14, 2002)
Crossette, Barbara, “Sri Lanka: In the Shadow of the Indian Elephant,” World Policy Journal, 19.1 (2002)
Davis, Craig, “‘A’” is for Allah, ‘J’ is for Jihad,” World Policy Journal, 19.1 (2002)
Desai, A. R., Social Background of Indian Nationalism(Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1991)
Silva, C. R., “Sinhala–Tamil Relations and Education in Sri Lanka: The University Admissions Issue – the First Phase, 1971–1977,” in Goldman, Robert B. and Wilson, A. J. (eds.), From Independence to Statehood (London: Pinter Publishers, 1984)
Silva, K. M, A History of Sri Lanka (London: C. Hurst & Co., 1981)
Deb, Shishir K., “Political Economy of Gas Export,” Asian Affairs, 25.3 (2003)
DeVotta, Neil, “Ethnolinguistic Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka,” in Brown, Michael E. and Ganguly, Sumit (eds.), Fighting Words: Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in Asia (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003)
Dharmadasa, K. N. O., Language, Religion, and Ethnic Assertiveness: The Growth of Sinhalese Nationalism in Sri Lanka (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992)
Dupree, Louis, Afghanistan (Princeton University Press, 1973)
Edwards, David B., Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002)
Emadi, Hafizullah, Culture and Customs of Afghanistan (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2005)
Embree, Ainslie, Utopias in Conflict: Religion and Nationalism in Modern India (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1990)
Engineer, Asghar Ali, “Hindu–Muslim Relations Before and After 1947,” in Gopal, Sarvepalli (ed.), Anatomy of a Confrontation (Delhi: Penguin Books, 1991)
Fair, C. Christine, “Militant Recruitment in Pakistan: Implications for Al-Qaeda and Other Organizations,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 27 (2004)
Faruki, Kemal A., “Pakistan: Islamic Government and Society,” in Esposito, John L. (ed.), Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987)
Feldman, Shelley, “NGOs and Civil Society: (Un)stated contradictions,” Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, 554 (1997)
Fradkin, Hillel, Husain, Haqqani, and Brown, Eric, Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, Vol. I (Washington, DC: Hudson Institute, 2005)
Franda, Marcus, Bangladesh: The First Decade (New Delhi: South Asian Publishers, 1982)
Friedman, Thomas, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005)
Gandhi, Rajmohan, Revenge and Reconciliation (New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1999)
Ganguly, Sumit, The Crisis in Kashmir: Portents of War, Hopes of Peace (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997)
Ganguly, SumitThe Rise of Islamist Militancy in Bangladesh, Special Report 171 (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 2006)
Ghani, Ashraf, “Afghanistan: Islam and Counterrevolutionary Movements,” in Esposito, John L., (ed.) Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987)
Ghosh, Partha S., BJP and the Evolution of Hindu Nationalism: From Periphery to Center (New Delhi: Manohar Publishers, 1999)
Gilley, Bruce, “Against the Concept of Ethnic Conflict,” Third World Quarterly, 25.6 (2004)
Gopal, S., “Nehru, Religion and Secularism,” in Champakalakshmi, R. and Gopal, S. (eds.), Tradition, Dissent and Ideology (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986)
Gopinath, Meenakshi, “Restoring the Canvas of Coexistence: A Role for Education in India,” in Aall, and Ollapally, (eds.), Perspectives.
Gourevitch, Peter, “The Second Image Reversed: The International Sources of Domestic Politics,” International Organization, 32.4 (1978)
Griffin, Michael, Reaping the Whirlwind: Afghanistan, Al Qa'ida and the Holy War (London: Pluto Press, 2003)
Guha, Ramachandra, “Opening a Window in Kashmir,” World Policy Journal, 21.3 (2004)
Gurr, Ted R., Why Men Rebel (Princeton University Press, 1970)
Gurr, Ted R.Minorities at Risk (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 1993)
Gurr, Ted R., and Harff, Barbara, Ethnic Conflict in World Politics (Boulder CO:Westview Press, 1994)
Habibullah, Wajahat, The Political Economy of the Kashmir Conflict, US Institute of Peace Special Report 121 (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 2004).
Habibullah, WajahatSiege: Hazratbal, Kashmir 1993,” India Review, 1.3 (2002)
Hafez, Mohammed, Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003)
Haqqani, Husain, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005)
Harvey, David, The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989)
Hasan, Mushirul, “Competing Symbols and Shared Codes: Inter-Community Relations in Modern India,” in Gopal, Sarvepalli (ed.), Anatomy of a Confrontation: The Babri Masjid–Ramjanmabhumi Issue (New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1991)
Hasan, Mushirul and Roy, Asim (eds.), Living Together Separately: Cultural India in History and Politics (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2005)
Hewison, Kevin and Rodan, Garry, “Closing the Circle: Globalization, Conflict and Political Regimes,” presented at the Conference on Asia Pacific Economies: Multilateral vs. Bilateral Relationships, City University of Hong Kong, May 19–21, 2004.
Hewitt, Vernon, The New International Relations of South Asia (Manchester: Manchester University Press and Palgrave Press, 1999)
Hiro, Dilip, Holy Wars (New York: Routledge, 1989)
Hiro, DilipWar Without End: The Rise of Islamist Terrorism and Global Response (London: Routledge, 2002)
Hoffmann, Bruce, Inside Terrorism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998)
Horowitz, Donald, Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000)
Horowitz, DonaldDeadly Ethnic Riots (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001)
Huntington, Samuel P., The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Touchstone, 1997)
Hussain, Hamid, “Afghanistan – Not So Great Games,” Defence Journal (Pakistan) (April 2002), available at
Ikenberry, G. John, Lake, David A. and Mastanduno, Michael, “Introduction: Approaches to Explaining American Foreign Economic Policy,” International Organization 42.1 (1988)
,International Crisis Group, Pakistan: Madrasas, Extremism and the Military, ICG Asia Report No. 36, July 29, 2002
,International Crisis GroupThe Afghanistan Transitional Administration: Prospects and Perils, Afghanistan Briefing, July 30, 2002
,International Crisis GroupKashmir: The View from Srinagar, ICG Asia Report No. 41, November 21, 2002
,International Crisis GroupAfghanistan: Judicial Reform and Transitional Justice, ICG Asia Report No. 45, January 28, 2003
,International Crisis GroupAfghanistan's Flawed Constitutional Process, ICG Asia Report No. 56, June 12, 2003
,International Crisis GroupAfghanistan: The Problem of Pashtun Alienation, ICG Asia Report No. 62, August 5, 2003
,International Crisis GroupAuthoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan, ICG Asia Report No. 102, September 28, 2005
,International Crisis GroupBangladesh Today, ICG Asia Report No. 121, October 23, 2006
Islam, Nazrul. “Indo-Bangladesh Water Treaty,” in Sobhan, Farooq (ed.) Strengthening Cooperation and Security in South Asia Post 9/11 (Dhaka: The University Press, 2004)
Jackson, Robert, South Asian Crisis (London: Chatto & Windus, 1975)
Jahan, Rounaq, Pakistan: Failure in National Integration (Dhaka: The University Press, 1972)
Jalal, Ayesha, The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994)
Jalal, AyeshaDemocracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995)
Jalali, Ali A.The Future of Afghanistan,” Parameters, 36.1 (2006)
Jayatilleka, Dayan, “The Ethnic Conflict and the Crisis in the South,” in ,Committee for Rational Development (ed.), Sri Lanka
Jha, Prem Shankar, In the Eye of the Cyclone: The Crisis in Indian Democracy (New Delhi: Viking Books, 1993)
Kakar, M. H., “The Fall of the Afghan Monarchy in 1973,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 9.2 (1978)
Kaplan, Robert, “The Taliban,” The Atlantic Monthly, September 2000, available at
Kapur, Devesh, and Iyengar, Kavita, “The Limits of Integration in Improving South Asian Security,” in Tellis, Ashley and Wills, Michael (eds.), Trade, Interdependence and Security Strategic Asia 2006–07 (Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research, 2006)
Katznelson, Ira and Shefte, Martin (eds.), Shaped by War and Trade: International Influences on American Political Development (Princeton University Press, 2002)
Keck, Margaret, and Sikkink, Katherine, Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998)
Khan, Adeel, Politics of Identity: Ethnic Nationalism and the State in Pakistan (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2005)
Khan, Riaz M., Untying the Knot: Negotiating Soviet Withdrawal (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991)
Kharat, Rajesh, “Countering Insurgencies in South Asia: The Case of Indo-Bhutan Co-operation,” delivered at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA, September 2006
Khilnani, Sunil, The Idea of India (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1997)
Kodikara, Shelton, Foreign Policy of Sri Lanka: A Third World Perspective (Delhi: Chanakya Publications, 1982)
Kodikara, SheltonThe Continuing Crisis in Sri Lanka: the JVP, the Indian Troops and Tamil Politics,” Asia Survey, 29.7 (1989)
Koon, H. P., “The New Economic Policy and the Community in Peninsular Malaysia,” The Developing Economies, 35.3 (1997)
Kottegoda, Shantha, “Sri Lanka's Conflict in the North and East and Challenges to the Army,” International Relations in a Globalizing World, 1.2 (2005)
Koul, Sudha, The Tiger Ladies (New York: Beacon Press, 2002)
Kronstadt, K. Alan, “Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments: Issues for Congress,” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, January 5, 2004
Kronstadt, K. Alan, and Vaughn, Bruce, “Terrorism in South Asia,” Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, August 9, 2004
Laqueur, Walter, The Age of Terrorism (New York: Little, Brown and Co., 1987)
Lau, Martin, “The Fifteenth Constitutional Amendment in Pakistan and its Implications,” presented at The South Asia Forum Seminar, Department of Law, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, October 26, 1998
Lewis, David, “NGOs, Donors, and the State in Bangladesh,” Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, 554 (1997)
Lewis, DavidOn the Difficulty of Studying ‘Civil Society’: Reflections on NGOs, State and Democracy in Bangladesh,” Contributions to Indian Sociology, 38.3 (2004)
Liphart, Arend, Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty One Countries (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1984)
Loganathan, Ketheshwaran, Sri Lanka: Lost Opportunities (Colombo: Centre for Policy Research and Analysis, University of Colombo, 1996)
Lyotard, Jean-Francois, The Postmodern Condition (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984)
Madan, T. N.Secularism in its Place,” Journal of Asian Studies, 46.4 (1987)
Maley, William, The Afghanistan Wars (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002)
Mamdani, Mahmood, Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War and the Roots of Terror (New York: Doubleday, 2005)
Maney, Gregory M., “International Sources of Domestic Protest,” Mobilization 6 (2001)
Maniruzzaman, Talukder, The Bangladesh Revolution and Its Aftermath (Dhaka: Bangladesh Books International Ltd, 1980)
Mann, Michael, “The Autonomous Power of the State,” in Hall, John A. (ed.), States in History (Cambridge: Basil Blackwell, 1986)
Manogaran, Chelvadurai, Ethnic Conflict and Reconciliation in Sri Lanka (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987)
Manor, James, The Expedient Utopian: Bandaranaika and Ceylon (Cambridge University Press, 1989)
McGregor, Andrew, “Jihad and the Rifle Alone: Abdullah Azzam and the Islamist Revolution,” The Journal of Conflict Studies, 23.2 (2003)
Misra, Ashutosh, “Rise of Religious Parties in Pakistan: Causes and Prospects,” Strategic Analysis, 27.2 (2003)
Mohsin, Amena, The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: On the Difficult Road to Peace (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003)
Mukharya, P. S., “Contributions of Sant Prannath to the Composite Culture of India,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
Muni, S. D., “India and the Post Cold War World: Opportunities and Challenges,” Asian Survey, 31.9 (1991)
Muni, S. D.Pangs of Proximity (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1993)
Nandy, Ashis, “The Politics of Secularism and the Recovery of Religious Tolerance,” Alternatives 13 (1998)
Nandy, AshisRomance of the State and the Fate of Dissent in the Tropics (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003)
Nandy, AshisBonfire of Creeds: The Essential Nandy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004)
,National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, The 9/11 Commission Report, Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Official Government Edition (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 2004)
Nayyar, A. H., “The Making of the Pakistani Mind,” in Aall, and Ollapally (eds.), Perspectives
Nayyar, A. H., and Salim, Ahmed, “Glorification of War and the Military,” in Nayyar, and , Salim (eds.), The Subtle Subversion
Nayyar, A. H., and Salim, Ahmed, The Subtle Subversion: The State of Curricula and Textbooks in Pakistan (Islamabad: Sustainable Development Policy Institute, 2003)
Nehru, Jawaharlal, The Unity of India: Collected Writings 1937–1940 (London: Lindsay Drummond, 1948)
Nizami, K. A., “Contributions of Mystics to Amity and Harmony in Indian Society,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
Nojumi, Neamat, The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan: Mass Mobilization, Civil War, and the Future of the Region (New York: Palgrave, 2002)
Obeysekera, Gananath, “Political Violence and the Future of Democracy in Sri Lanka,” ,Committee for Rational Development (ed.), Sri Lanka.
O'Donnell, Charles Peter, Bangladesh: Biography of a Muslim Nation (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984)
Olesen, Asta, Islam and Politics in Afghanistan (Surrey: Curzon Press, 1995)
Ollapally, Deepa, Confronting Conflict: Domestic Factors and US Policymaking in the Third World (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993)
Ollapally, Deepa“India's Strategic Doctrine and Practice: The Impact of Nuclear Testing,” in Thomas, Raju G. C. and Gupta, Amit (eds.), India's Nuclear Security (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000)
Ollapally, Deepa“Combating Warlordism and Regionalism in Afghanistan,” paper presented at the US Institute of Peace, Washington, DC, November 1, 2002
Ollapally, DeepaUS–India Relations: Ties That Bind? The Sigur Center Asia Papers No. 22 (Washington, DC: George Washington University, 2005)
Ostby, Gudrun, “Horizontal Inequalities and Civil Conflict,” paper prepared for the 46th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, HI, March 1–5, 2005
Parekh, Bhikhu, “The Cultural Particularity of Liberal Democracy,” Political Studies, 40 (1992)
Pasha, Mustapha Kamal, “Islamic Extremists: How Do They Mobilize Support?” Current Issues Briefing (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 2002)
Peiris, G. H., “Economic Inequalities and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka,” International Relations in a Globalizing World, 1.2 (2005)
Perera, Jehan, “Exploring the Solution to the Communal Problem,” in ,Committee for Rational Development (ed.), Sri Lanka.
Perito, Robert, The US Experience with Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan: Lessons Identified, US Institute of Peace Special Report No. 152 (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 2005)
Philipson, Liz, “Corrupted Democracy,” Himal South Asian, August 2006, available at
Poullada, L. B., Reform and Rebellion in Afghanistan, 1919–1929 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1973)
Prabha, Kshitij, “Defining Terrorism,” Strategic Analysis, 24.1 (2000)
Pratap, Anita, Island of Blood: Frontline Reports from Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Other South Asian Flashpoints (New York: Penguin Books, 2001)
Punjabi, Riaz, “Kashmir: The Bruised Identity,” in Thomas, (ed.), Perspectives on Kashmir
Puri, Balraj, “India, Kashmir and the War Against Terrorism,” EPW Commentary, October 27, 2001
Rahmani, Waliullah, “Helmand Province and the Afghan Insurgency,” Terrorism Monitor, 4.6 (2006)
Rais, Rasul Bakhsh, War Without Winners: Afghanistan's Uncertain Transition After the Cold War (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1994)
Rajeshwari, B., Communal Riots in India: A Chronology (1947–2003), IPCS Research Papers (New Delhi: Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, 2004)
Rashid, Ahmed, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001)
Rashid, AhmedDescent into Chaos: The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia (New York: Viking Penguin, 2008)
Raychoudhary, S. C., History of Modern India: A Detailed Study of Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Aspects (Delhi: Surjeet Publications, 1992)
Regani, Sarojini, “We Lived Together – Deccani Culture and the Qutb Shahs of Golkonda,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
Riaz, Ali, God Willing: The Politics of Islamism in Bangladesh (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004)
Riaz, AliUnfolding State: The Transformation of Bangladesh (Ontario: de Sitter Publications, 2005)
Richardson, John, Paradise Poisoned: Learning About Conflict, Terrorism and Development from Sri Lanka's Civil Wars (Kandy: International Centre for Ethnic Studies, 2005)
Rose, Leo, “The Politics of Azad Kashmir,” in Thomas, Perspectives on Kashmir
Rosenau, Pauline Marie, Postmodernism and the Social Sciences (Princeton University Press, 1992)
Roy, Asim, Islamic Syncretistic Tradition in Bengal (Princeton University Press, 1983)
Rubin, Barnett, The Fragmentation of Afghanistan (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995)
Rubin, BarnettCrafting a Constitution for Afghanistan,” Journal of Democracy, 15.3 (2004)
Rubin, Barnett R., Hamidzada, Humayun and Stoddard, Abby, Through the Fog of Peace Building: Evaluating the Reconstruction of Afghanistan (New York: Center on International Cooperation, New York University, 2003)
Rubin, Michael, “Who is Responsible for the Taliban?” Middle East Review of International Affairs, 6.1 (2002)
Ryan, Stephen, Ethnic Conflict and International Relations (Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing Co., 1995)
Sabaratnam, Lakshmanan, Ethnic Attachments in Sri Lanka: Social Change and Cultural Continuity (New York: Palgrave, 2001)
Sageman, Marc, Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-first Century (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008)
Said, Edward W., Orientalism (New York: Vintage Books, 1978)
Saikia, Jaideep, “The ISI Reaches East: Anatomy of Conspiracy,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 25.3 (2002)
Salim, Ahmed, “Historical Falsehoods and Inaccuracies,” in Nayyar, and Salim, (eds.), The Subtle Subversion
Sambanis, Nicholas, “Poverty and the Organization of Political Violence,” Brookings Trade Forum (2004)
Santhanam, K., Sreedhar, Saxena, Sudhir, and Manish, , Jihadis in Jammu and Kashmir: A Portrait Gallery (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2003)
Sayeed, K. B., Pakistan: The Formative Phase (Karachi: Pakistan Publishing House, 1960)
Schurmann, Franz, The Logic of World Power: An Inquiry into the Origins, Currents and Contradictions of World Politics (New York: Pantheon, 1974)
Schwedler, Jillian, Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006)
Scruton, Roger, The Dictionary of Political Thought (New York: Hill & Wang, 1982)
Sen, Amartya, “Secularism and Its Discontents,” in Kaushik, Basu and Subrahmanyam, Sanjay (eds.), Unravelling the Nation
Settar, S. and Kaimal, P. K. V. (eds.), We Lived Together (Delhi: Pragati Publications, Indian Council of Historical Research, 1999)
Shastri, Amita and Wilson, A. J. (eds.), The Post-Colonial States of South Asia (London: Curzon and Palgrave Press, 2001)
Shelley, Mizanur Rahman, Emergence of a New Nation in a Multi-Polar World: Bangladesh (Dhaka: Academic Press and Publishers Ltd., 2000)
Sieghart, Paul, Sri Lanka: A Mounting Tragedy of Errors, (London: International Commission of Jurists and JUSTICE, 1984)
Sikand, Yoginder, Sacred Spaces: Exploring Traditions of Shared Faith in India (New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2003)
Simon, Steven and Benjamin, Daniel, “America and the New Terrorism,” Survival, 42.1 (2000)
Singh, K. S., “Diversity, Heterogeneity and Integration: An Ideological Perspective,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
Singh, Tavleen, Kashmir: A Tragedy of Errors (New Delhi: Viking, 1995)
Sinha, S. K., “Foreword,” in Jaideep Saikia, Terror Sans Frontiers: Islamic Militancy in North East India, ADCDIS Occasional Paper, Program in Arms Control, Disarmament and International Security (University of Chicago at Urbana-Champaign, 2003)
Sisson, Richard, and Rose, Leo E., War and Secessions: Pakistan, India and the Creation of Bangladesh (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992)
Skocpol, Theda, “Bringing the State Back In: Strategies of Analysis in Current Research,” in Evans, Peter B., Rueschemeyer, Dietrich and Skocpol, Theda (eds.), Bringing the State Back In (Cambridge University Press, 1985)
Stern, Jessica, “Pakistan's Jihad Culture,” Foreign Affairs, 79.6 (2000)
Stern, JessicaTerror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill (New York: Ecco/HarperCollins Publishers, 2003)
Takeyh, Ray, “Two Cheers from the Islamic World,” Foreign Policy, 128 (2002)
Tambiah, S. J., Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy (University of Chicago Press, 1991)
Thapar, Romila, Interpreting Early India (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993)
Thomas, Raju G. C., Perspectives on Kashmir: The Roots of Conflict in South Asia (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992)
Thomas, Raju G. C.Competing Nationalisms,” Harvard International Review, 28.3 (1996)
Thomas, Raju G. C.“The ‘Nationalities’ Question in South Asia,” in Shastri, and Wilson, (eds.), The Post-Colonial States of South Asia
Tilly, Charles, (ed.), The Formation of National States in Western Europe (Princeton University Press, 1972)
Titus, Paul, “Routes to Ethnicity,” in Titus, Paul (ed.), Marginality and Modernity: Ethnicity and Change in Post-Colonial Baluchistan (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1997)
Tripathi, Dwijendra, “The Crisis of Indian Polity: A Historical Perspective,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
,US Department of State, Annual Report on International Religious Freedom for 1999: India, Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Washington DC, September 9, 1999.
,US Department of StateInternational Religious Freedom Report 2005, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Washington, DC, November 8, 2005.
,US Department of StateCountry Reports on Terrorism 2005, Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (2006).
Veer, Peter, “Riots and Rituals: The Construction of Violence and Public Space in Hindu Nationalism,” in Brass, (ed.), Riots and Pogroms
Vanina, Eugenia, “Communal Relations in Pre-Modern India,” in Settar, and Kaimal, (eds.), We Lived Together
Varshney, Ashutosh, Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002)
Verghese, B. G, An End to Confrontation: Restructuring the Sub-Continent (New Delhi: S. Chand & Co., 1972)
Waltz, Kenneth, Theory of International Politics (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1979)
Waslekar, Sundeep, and Futehally, Ilmas, Reshaping the Agenda in Kashmir (Mumbai: International Centre for Peace Initiatives, 2002)
Widmalm, Sten, “The Rise and Fall of Democracy in Jammu and Kashmir,” Asian Survey, 37.11 (1997)
Widmalm, Sten“The Kashmir Conflict,” SIPRI Yearbook 1999 (Oxford University Press, 1999)
Wilber, Donald, Afghanistan (New Haven, CT: HRAF Press, 1962)
Williams, Brian Glyn, “Jihad and Ethnicity in Post-Communist Eurasia: On the Trail of Transnational Islamic Holy Warriors in Kashmir, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Chechnya and Kosovo,” The Global Review of Ethnopolitics, 2.3–4 (2003)
Wilson, Jeyaratnam A., The Break-Up of Sri Lanka: The Sinhalese–Tamil Conflict (Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 1988)
Wilson, Jeyaratnam, “Politics and Political Development since 1948,” in Silva, K. M. (ed.), Sri Lanka: A Survey (London: C. Hurst Co., 1977)
Wriggins, W. Howard, Ceylon: Dilemmas of a New Nation, (Princeton University Press, 1960)
Yousaf, Mohammad, and Adkin, Major Mark, The Bear Trap: Afghanistan's Untold Story (London: Leo Cooper, 1992)
Zaheer, Hasan, The Separation of East Pakistan: The Rise and Realization of Bengali Muslim Nationalism (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1994)
Ziring, Lawrence, Bangladesh: From Mujib to Ershad, An Interpretive Study (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1992)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.