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The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation
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Book description

Dozens of states have long been capable of acquiring nuclear weapons, yet only a few have actually done so. Jacques E. C. Hymans finds that the key to this surprising historical pattern lies not in externally imposed constraints, but rather in state leaders' conceptions of the national identity. Synthesizing a wide range of scholarship from the humanities and social sciences to experimental psychology and neuroscience, Hymans builds a rigorous model of decisionmaking that links identity to emotions and ultimately to nuclear policy choices. Exhaustively researched case studies of France, India, Argentina, and Australia - two that got the bomb and two that abstained - demonstrate the value of this model while debunking common myths. This book will be invaluable to policymakers and concerned citizens who are frustrated with the frequent misjudgments of states' nuclear ambitions, and to scholars who seek a better understanding of how leaders make big foreign policy decisions.

Reviews

'A novel, compelling challenge to the conventional wisdom on why some states obtain nuclear weapons. This systematic study provides important ideas regarding nuclear proliferation that will receive serious consideration.'

Alexander George - Stanford University

'Hymans has written an exceptionally good book. He asks why states choose to develop nuclear weapons and finds that most of what we think we know about this critical decision is wrong. Challenging interpretations that rest on strategic calculations, norms in the international system and bureaucratic considerations, Hymans develops a novel theory emphasizing how individual leaders conceive of their nation's identity. He explores the power of his theory by analyzing the French, Argentine, Australian, and Indian decisions regarding nuclear weapons. His case-studies are rich histories in their own right, delving deeply into first-source documents and original interviews. Beyond the impressive theoretical and empirical contribution, Hymans also offers important policy lessons for the future that should be read widely.'

Richard K. Herrmann - Ohio State University

'The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation is a sophisticated effort at theory building that draws together contemporary debates about identity and the latest research on affect/emotions to arrive at an explanation of why states go nuclear. This is also an excellent work of comparative foreign policy at its best: Hymans' execution of his comparative cases reveals the causal dynamics convincingly.'

Yuen Foong Khong - University of Oxford

'… The Psychology of Nuclear Proliferation makes an important contribution to the literature on security studies and FPA. The study … is the right book at the right time.'

Source: International Studies Review

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Contents

Bibliography
INTERVIEWS
Alder, Keith. Australian nuclear scientist (former General Manager, Australian Atomic Energy Commission). Warrawee, New South Wales, October 21, 1998.
Beninson, Dan. Argentine nuclear scientist (President of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 9, 1999. Follow-up communication November 9, 1999.
Bhandari, Romesh. Indian diplomat and politician. New Delhi, November 25, 1998.
Boegner, Jean-Marc. French diplomat (former head of the Service des Pactes du Ministère des Affaires Etrangères). Paris, January 27, 1998, January 30, 1998.
Caillavet, Henri. French politician (former Secretary of the Navy). Paris, January 28, 1998, January 30, 1998, May 15, 1999. Follow-up letter May 11, 1999.
Camilión, Oscar. Argentine diplomat and politician (former Minister of Defense). Buenos Aires, August 17, 1999.
Carrea, Antonio. Argentine nuclear scientist and diplomat (former Ambassador to the IAEA). Buenos Aires, August 17, 1999. Follow-up communication November 9, 1999.
Cavallo, Domingo. Argentine politician (former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of the Economy). Cambridge, Massachusetts, June 16, 2004.
Dhar, P. N. Indian diplomat and civil servant (former Secretary, Prime Minister's Office). Delhi, November 20, 1998. Follow-up letter February 27, 1999.
Dubey, Muchkund. Indian diplomat (former Foreign Secretary). New Delhi, December 15, 1998.
Goldschmidt, Bertrand. French nuclear scientist and diplomat (original member and former head of international relations, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique). Paris, September 29, 1998.
Iyengar, P. K. Indian nuclear scientist (former Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission). Bombay, December 8, 1998.
Kaul, T. N. Indian diplomat (former Foreign Secretary). New Delhi, December 3, 1998. Follow-up letters March 7 and May 5, 1999.
Lall, K. B. Indian civil servant (former Defence Secretary). New Delhi, November 16, 1998. Follow-up letters February 2 and April 14, 1999.
Malhotra, Inder. Indian journalist (friend of Indira Gandhi). New Delhi, November 28, 1998.
Mariano, Enrique. Argentine nuclear scientist (formerly of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 4, 1999.
Mariscotti, Mario. Argentine nuclear scientist and historian (formerly of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 4, 1999. Follow-up communication November 9, 1999.
Moreno, Antonio Federico. Argentine army officer and public servant (Comisión de Defensa de la Cámara de Diputados). Buenos Aires, August 31, 1999.
Murmis, Bernardo. Argentine nuclear scientist (formerly of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 4, 1999.
Ornstein, Roberto. Argentine nuclear scientist and diplomat (director of international relations, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 9, 1999.
Ortiz de Zárate, Carlos. Argentine army officer and lobbyist. Buenos Aires, August 23, 1999.
Pérez Ferreira, Emma. Argentine nuclear scientist (former President of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 11, 1999. Follow-up communication November 12, 1999.
Pertusio, Roberto. Argentine navy officer (Admiral, ret.). Buenos Aires, August 24, 1999. Follow-up communication November 10, 1999.
Quihillalt, Oscar. Argentine nuclear scientist (former President of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica). Buenos Aires, August 11, 1999.
Ramanna, Raja. Indian nuclear scientist and politician (former Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission). Written communication, November 19, 1998.
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Sethna, Homi. Indian nuclear scientist (former Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission). Bombay, December 8, 1998.
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Singh, Manmohan. Indian politician (former Finance Minister, currently Prime Minister of India). New Delhi, December 19, 1998. Follow-up letter February 19, 1999.
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Varotto, Conrado. Argentine nuclear scientist (formerly of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, later President of the Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales). Buenos Aires, August 20, 1999.
Vira, Dharma. Indian civil servant (Cabinet Secretary under Lal Bahadur Shastri). New Delhi, November 13, 1998.
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