The conservation of plant species where they naturally occur involves the planning, design, establishment, management and monitoring of viable populations of the target taxa to be conserved. It will involve the writing of a management plan as a guide to management implementation primarily based on knowledge of the target taxon’s ecology and its relationship to the biotic and abiotic environment. Regular monitoring of key populations within the reserve will ascertain whether the management plan is effective in conserving genetic diversity. Often, however, the conservationist will have to make a compromise between the objectives of the reserve and the desires of other users. The material conserved within the reserve should be made readily available to the various user groups.