Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: February 2020

32 - Sexuality, Gender, and Social Policy

from V - Established and New State Policies and Innovations

Summary

Gender, gender identity, and sexuality permeate interactions, institutions, and societies, including the organization of the political sphere, as well as the policies that states enact (Connell 1990, 2009; Orloff 1993; Risman 2004; Walby 2002). Expectations and norms around gender, gender identity, and sexuality vary from place to place, over time, and even within the same society, and play a central role in organizing all societies. Such cultural expectations are instantiated in the organization of the state, through its laws, policies, and institutions.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Abu-Lughod, Lila. 2002. “Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?American Anthropologist 104(3): 783790.
Adam, Barry D., Duyvendak, Jan Willem, and Krouwel, André. 2008. The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a Worldwide Movement. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Addis, Samia, Davies, Myfanwy, Greene, Giles, MacBride-Stewart, Sara, and Shepherd, Michael. 2009. “The Health, Social Care and Housing Needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Older People: A Review of the Literature.” Health and Social Care in the Community 17(6): 647658.
Albelda, Randy, Lee Badgett, M. V., Schneebaum, Alyssa, and Gates, Gary. 2009. “Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community.” UCLA California Center for Population Research Online Working Paper Series. https://bit.ly/2LHxWRG
Alexander, M. Jacqui. 1994. “Not Just (Any) Body Can Be a Citizen: The Politics of Law, Sexuality and Postcoloniality in Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas.” Feminist Review 48(1): 523.
Alexander, Michelle. 2012. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press.
Ally, Shireen2011. From Servants to Workers: South African Domestic Workers and the Democratic State. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Andersen, Ellen Ann. 2009. “The Gay Divorcée: The Case of the Missing Argument” pp. 281302 in Barclay, Scott, Bernstein, Mary, and Marshall, Anna-Maria (eds.) Queer Mobilizations: LGBT Activists Confront the Law. New York: New York University Press.
Anderson, Bridget. 2000. Doing the Dirty Work? The Global Politics of Domestic Labour. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Anderson, Bridget. 2007. “A Very Private Business: Exploring the Demand for Migrant Domestic Workers.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 14(3): 247264.
Antecol, Heather. 2001. “Why Is There Interethnic Variation in the Gender Wage Gap? The Role of Cultural Factors.” Journal of Human Resources 36(1): 119143.
Antecol, Heather, Jong, Anneke, and Steinberger, Michael. 2007. “The Sexual Orientation Wage Gap: The Role of Human Capital, Occupational Choice, and Discrimination.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 6(4): 518543.
Arenas de Mesa, Alberto and Montecinos, Veronica. 1999. “The Privatization of Social Security and Women’s Welfare.Latin American Research Review 34(3): 737.
Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Bernstein, Mary. 2008. “Culture, Power and Institutions: A Multi-Institutional Politics Approach to Social Movements.Sociological Theory 26(1): 7499.
Ascoli, Ugo and Ranci, Costanzo. 2002. Dilemmas of the Welfare Mix: The New Structure of Welfare in an Era of Privatization. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
Askew, Ian and Berer, Marge. 2003. “The Contribution of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services to the Fight against HIV/AIDS: A Review.” Reproductive Health Matters 11(22): 5173.
Ayoub, Phillip M. 2013. “Cooperative Transnationalism in Contemporary Europe: Europeanization and Political Opportunities for LGBT Mobilization in the European Union.” European Political Science Review 5(2): 279310.
Bacchi, Carol. 2004. “Policy and Discourse: Challenging the Construction of Affirmative Action as Preferential Treatment.” Journal of European Public Policy 11(1): 128146.
Badgett, M. V. Lee. 1995. “The Wage Effects of Sexual Orientation Discrimination.Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48(4): 726–39.
Badgett, M. V. Lee. 2009. When Gay People Get Married: What Happens When Societies Legalize Same-Sex Marriage. New York: New York University Press.
Badgett, M. V. Lee, Durso, Laura E., and Schneebaum, Alyssa. 2013. “New Patterns of Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community.” Williams Institute. https://bit.ly/18VyzPK
Banaszak, Lee Ann, Beckwith, Karen, and Rucht, Dieter. 2003. Women’s Movements Facing the Reconfigured State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baron, Beth. 2005. Egypt as a Woman: Nationalism, Gender, and Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Battle, Juan and Barnes, Sandra L.. 2009. “Introduction” pp. 112 in Battle, Juan and Barnes, Sandra L. (eds.) Black Sexualities: Probing Powers, Passions, Practices, and Policies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Battle, Juan, Pastrana, Antonio (Jay) Jr., and Daniels, Jessie. 2012. Social Justice Sexuality Survey: The Executive Summary for the Black Population. New York. https://socialjusticesexuality.com/
Bauer, Greta R., Hammond, Rebecca, Travers, Robb, Kaay, Matthias, Hohenadel, Karin M., and Boyce, Michelle. 2009. “‘I Don’t Think This Is Theoretical; This Is Our Lives’: How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People.” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 20(5): 348361.
Bauer, Gretchen and Burnet, Jennie E.. 2013. “Gender Quotas, Democracy, and Women’s Representation in Africa: Some Insights from Democratic Botswana and Autocratic Rwanda.Women’s Studies International Forum 41: 103112.
Baumle, Amanda K. and Compton, D’Lane R.. 2015. Legalizing LGBT Families: How the Law Shapes Parenthood. New York: New York University Press.
Beer, Caroline. 2009. “Democracy and Gender Equality.” Studies in Comparative International Development 44(3): 212227.
Benería, Lourdes, Berik, Günseli, and Floro, Maria S.. 2015. Gender, Development and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Benería, Lourdes, Deere, Carmen Diana, and Kabeer, Naila. 2012. “Gender and International Migration: Globalization, Development, and Governance.” Feminist Economics 18(2): 133.
Bergstrom-Lynch, Cara. 2016. Lesbians, Gays, and Bisexuals Becoming Parents of Remaining Childfree: Confronting Social Inequalities. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Bernstein, Elizabeth. 2007. Temporarily Yours: Intimacy, Authenticity, and the Commerce of Sex. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bernstein, Mary. 2005. “Liberalism and Social Movement Success: The Case of the United States Sodomy Statutes” pp. 218 in Bernstein, Elizabeth and Schaffner, Laurie (eds.) Regulating Sex: The Politics of Intimacy and Identity. New York: Routledge.
Bernstein, Mary. 2015. “Same-Sex Marriage and the Future of the LGBT Movement.” Gender & Society 29(3): 321337.
Bernstein, Mary. 2018. “Same-Sex Marriage and the Assimilationist Dilemma: A Research Agenda on Marriage Equality and the Future of LGBTQ Activism, Politics, Communities, and Identities.” Journal of Homosexuality 65(14): 19411956. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2017.1423211
Bernstein, Mary, Marshall, Anna-Maria, and Barclay, Scott. 2009. “The Challenge of Law: Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Social Movements” pp. 117 in Barclay, Scott, Bernstein, Mary, and Marshall, Anna-Maria (eds.) Queer Mobilizations: LGBT Activists Confront the Law. New York: New York University Press.
Bernstein, Mary and Naples, Nancy A.. 2010. “Sexual Citizenship and the Pursuit of Relationship-Recognition Policies in Australia and the United States.Women’s Studies Quarterly 38(1–2): 132156.
Bernstein, Mary and Naples, Nancy A.. 2015. “Altered States: Legal Structuring and Relationship Recognition in the U.S. and Australia.” American Sociological Review 80(6): 12261249.
Bernstein, Mary, Naples, Nancy A., and Harvey, Brenna. 2016. “The Meaning of Marriage to Same-Sex Families: Formal Partnership, Gender, and the Welfare State in International Perspective.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 23(1): 339.
Bernstein, Mary and Reimann, Renate. 2001. Queer Families, Queer Politics: Challenging Culture and the State. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bernstein, Mary and Taylor, Verta (eds.) 2013. The Marrying Kind? Debating Same-Sex Marriage within the Lesbian and Gay Movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Biblarz, Timothy J. and Judith, Stacey. 2010. “How Does the Gender of Parents Matter?Journal of Marriage and the Family 72: 322.
Bimbi, Franca. 1997. “Lone Mothers in Italy: A Hidden and Embarrassing Issue in a Familist Welfare Regime” pp. 171202 in Lewis, Jane (ed.) Lone Mothers in European Welfare Regimes. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Blackwood, Evelyn. 2005. “Gender Transgression in Colonial and Postcolonial Indonesia.”Journal of Asian Studies 64(4): 849879.
Blau, Francine D. and Kahn, Lawrence M.. 1996. “Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison.Economica 63: S2962.
Blee, Kathleen M. and Creasap, Kimberly A.. 2010. “Conservative and Right-Wing Movements.Annual Review of Sociology 36: 269286.
Blomqvist, Paula. 2004. “The Choice Revolution: Privatization of Swedish Welfare Services in the 1990s.” Social Policy & Administration 38(2): 139155.
Bochenek, Michael and Knight, Kyle (2012). “Establishing a Third Gender Category in Nepal: Process and Prognosis.” Emory International Law Review 26: 11.
Bock, Gisela and James, Susan. 2005. Beyond Equality and Difference: Citizenship, Feminist Politics and Female Subjectivity. New York: Routledge.
Boeckmann, Irene, Misra, Joya, and Budig, Michelle J.. 2015. “Cultural and Institutional Factors Shaping Mothers’ Employment and Working Hours in Postindustrial Countries.” Social Forces 93(4): 13011333.
Bose, Christine. 2011. “Globalizing Gender Issues: Many Voices, Different Choices.” Sociological Forum 26(4): 739753.
Bose, Christine. 2012. “Intersectionality and Global Gender Inequality.” Gender & Society 26(1): 6772.
Boserup, Ester. 1970. Woman’s Role in Economic Development. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Bowman, John R. and Cole, Alyson M.. 2009. “Do Working Mothers Oppress Other Women? The Swedish ‘Maid Debate’ and the Welfare State Politics of Gender Equality.” Signs 35(1): 157184.
Boyce, Paul. 2014. “Desirable Rights: Same-Sex Sexual Subjectivities, Socio-Economic Transformations, Global Flows and Boundaries–in India and Beyond.” Culture, Health & Sexuality 16(10): 12011215.
Brady, David, Fullerton, Andrew S., and Cross, Jennifer Moren. 2009. “Putting Poverty in Political Context: A Multi-Level Analysis of Adult Poverty across 18 Affluent Democracies.” Social Forces 88(1): 271299.
Brady, David, Fullerton, Andrew S., and Cross, Jennifer Moren. 2010. “More than Just Nickels and Dimes: A Cross-National Analysis of Working Poverty in Affluent Democracies.” Social Problems 57(4): 559585.
Briggs, Laura. 2003. Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Brodzinsky, David M. and Patterson, Charlotte J.. 2002. “Adoption Agency Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Prospective Parents: A National Study.Adoption Quarterly 5(3) :523.
Brown, Wendy. 1992. “Finding the Man in the State.” Feminist Studies 18(1): 734.
Brush, Lisa D. 2003. Gender and Governance. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.
Brush, Lisa D. 2011. Poverty, Battered Women, and Work in U.S. Public Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Budig, Michelle J. 2002. “Male Advantage and the Gender Composition of Jobs: Who Rides the Glass Escalator?Social Problems 49(2): 258277.
Budig, Michelle J., Misra, Joya, and Boeckmann, Irene. 2012. “The Motherhood Penalty in Cross-National Perspective: The Importance of Work-Family Policies and Cultural Attitudes.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 19(2): 163193.
Burnham, Linda. 2001. “Welfare Reform, Family Hardship, and Women of Color.Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 577: 3848.
Buss, Doris and Herman, Didi. 2003. Globalizing Family Values: The Christian Right in International Politics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Butler, Sandra S. 2004. “Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender (GLBT) Elders: The Challenges and Resilience of This Marginalized Group.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 9: 2544.
Butterfield, Jonniann and Padavic, Irene. 2014. “The Impact of Legal Inequality on Relational Power in Planned Lesbian Families.” Gender & Society 28(5): 752774.
Cahill, Sean and South, Ken. 2002. “Policy Issues Affecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People in Retirement.Generations 26(2): 4954.
Cantú, Lionel. 2009. The Sexuality of Migration: Border Crossings and Mexican Immigrant Men. Edited by Naples, Nancy A. and Vidal-Ortiz, Salvador. New York: New York University Press.
Casper, Lynne M., McLanahan, Sara, and Garfinkel, Irwin. 1994. “The Gender-Poverty Gap: What We Can Learn from Other Countries.” American Sociological Review 59(4): 594605.
Castles, Francis G. 2003. “The World Turned Upside Down: Below Replacement Fertility, Changing Preferences and Family-Friendly Public Policy in 21 OECD Countries.” Journal of European Social Policy 13(3): 209227.
Chambers, David L. 2001. “‘What If?’ The Legal Consequences of Marriage and the Legal Needs of Lesbian and Gay Male Couples” pp. 306337 in Bernstein, Mary and Reimann, Renate (eds.) Queer Families, Queer Politics: Challenging Culture and the State. New York: Columbia University Press.
Charles, Maria. 2011. “A World of Difference: International Trends in Women’s Economic Status.” Annual Review of Sociology 37(1): 355371.
Charles, Maria and Grusky, David B.. 2004. Occupational Ghettos: The Worldwide Segregation of Women and Men. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Chen, Martha. 2005. Progress of the World’s Women 2005: Women, Work, & Poverty. New York: United Nations Publications.
Chen, Martha Alter. 2001. “Women in the Informal Sector: A Global View, the Global Movement.” SAIS Review 21(1): 7178.
Cheng, Simon and Powell, Brian. 2015. “Measurement, Methods, and Divergent Patterns: Reassessing the Effects of Same-Sex Parents.” Social Science Research 52: 615626.
Chesnais, Jean-Claude. 1996. “Fertility, Family, and Social Policy in Contemporary Western Europe.” Population and Development Review 22(4): 729739.
Chester, Nefertiti and Kleiner, Brian H.. 2001. “Pregnancy in the Workplace.International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 21(8/9/10): 137147.
Choo, Hae Yeon. 2013. “The Cost of Rights: Migrant Women, Feminist Advocacy, and Gendered Morality in South Korea.” Gender & Society 27(4): 445468.
Choo, Hae Yeon and Ferree, Myra Marx. 2010. “Practicing Intersectionality in Sociological Research: A Critical Analysis of Inclusions, Interactions, and Institutions in the Study of Inequalities.Sociological Theory 28(2): 129149.
Christopher, Karen. 2002. “Welfare State Regimes and Mothers’ Poverty.Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 9(1): 6086.
Cochran, Bryan N., Stewart, Angela J., Ginzler, Joshua A., and Cauce, Ana Mari. 2002. “Challenges Faced by Homeless Sexual Minorities: Comparison of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Homeless Adolescents with Their Heterosexual Counterparts.” American Journal of Public Health 92(5): 773777.
Collins, Patricia Hill. 1990. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge.
Connell, Raewyn. 1990. “The State, Gender, and Sexual Politics: Theory and Appraisal.” Theory and Society 19(5): 507544.
Connell, Raewyn. 2009. Gender. Cambridge: Polity.
Craig, David Alan and Porter, Doug. 2006. Development beyond Neoliberalism? Governance, Poverty Reduction and Political Economy. New York: Routledge.
Csete, Joanne and Cohen, Jonathan. 2010. “Health Benefits of Legal Services for Criminalized Populations: The Case of People Who Use Drugs, Sex Workers and Sexual and Gender Minorities.Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38(4): 816831.
Currah, Paisley and Stryker, Susan. 2014. “Introduction.Transgender Studies Quarterly 1(1–2): 118.
Currier, Ashley. 2012. Out in Africa: LGBT Organizing in Namibia and South Africa. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Dasgupta, Sayantari and Dasgupta, Shanita Das. 2010. “Motherhood Jeopardized: Reproductive Technologies in Indian Communities” pp. 131153 in Chavkin, Wendy and Maher, JaneMaree (eds.) The Globalization of Motherhood: Deconstructions and Reconstructions of Biology and Care. New York: Routledge.
David, Emmanuel. 2015. “Purple-Collar Labor.” Gender & Society 29(2): 169194.
Davis, Georgiann. 2015. Contesting Intersex: The Dubious Diagnosis. New York: New York University Press.
Davis, Georgiann, Dewey, Jodie M., and Murphy, Erin L.. 2016. “Giving Sex.” Gender & Society 30(3): 490514.
de Cock, Kevin M., Mbori-Ngacha, Dorothy, and Marum, Elizabeth. 2002. “Shadow on the Continent: Public Health and HIV/AIDS in Africa in the 21st Century.Lancet 360: 6772.
Dixon-Mueller, Ruth and Germain, Adrienne. 2007. “Fertility Regulation and Reproductive Health in the Millennium Development Goals: The Search for a Perfect Indicator.” American Journal of Public Health 97(1): 4551.
Dreger, Alice D. and Herndon, April M.. 2009. “Progress and Politics in the Intersex Rights Movement: Feminist Theory in Action.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 15(2): 199224.
Earle, Alison, Mokomane, Zitha, and Heymann, Jody. 2011. “International Perspectives on Work-Family Policies: Lessons from the World’s Most Competitive Economies.” Future of Children 21(2): 191210.
Edin, Kathryn and Lein, Laura. 1997. Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
England, Paula, Gornick, Janet C., and Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons. 2012. “Women’s Employment, Education, and the Gender Gap in 17 Countries.” Monthly Labor Review (April): 2029.
Erickson-Schroth, Laura (ed.). 2014Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Esposito, Dawn and Biafora, Frank A.. 2007. “Toward a Sociology of Adoption: Historical Deconstruction” pp. 1731 in Javier, Rafael A., Baden, Amanda L., Biafora, Frank A., Camacho-Gingerich, Alina (eds.) Handbook of Adoption: Implications for Researchers, Practitioners, and Families. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Essig, Laurie. 2012. Queer in Russia: A Story of Sex, Self, and the Other. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Ewig, Christina. 2011. Second-Wave Neoliberalism: Gender, Race, and Health Sector Reform in Peru. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Ferree, Myra Marx. 2009. “Inequality, Intersectionality and the Politics of Discourse: Framing Feminist Alliances” pp. 84101 in Emanuela Lombardo, M. V. and Meier, Petra (eds.) The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality. New York: Routledge.
Ferree, Myra Marx and Tripp, Aili Mari. 2006. Global Feminism: Transnational Women’s Activism, Organizing, and Human Rights. New York: New York University Press.
Fixmer-Oraiz, Natalie. 2013. “Speaking of Solidarity: Transnational Gestational Surrogacy and the Rhetorics of Reproductive (In)Justice.Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies 34: 126163.
Flavin, Jeanne. 2008. Our Bodies, Our Crimes: The Policing of Women’s Reproduction in America. New York: New York University Press.
Folbre, Nancy. 1994. Who Pays for the Kids? Gender and the Structures of Constraint. New York: Routledge.
Franceschet, Susan and Piscopo, Jennifer M.. 2008. “Gender Quotas and Women’s Substantive Representation: Lessons from Argentina.” Politics & Gender 4(3): 393425.
Freeman, Carla. 2000. High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy: Women, Work, and Pink-Collar Identities in the Caribbean. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Gal, Susan and Kligman, Gail. 2012. The Politics of Gender after Socialism: A Comparative-Historical Essay. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gamson, Joshua. 2017. Modern Families: Stories of Extraordinary Journeys to Kinship. New York: New York University Press.
Gates, Gary J. 2009. “The Impact of Sexual Orientation Anti-Discrimination Policies on the Wages of Lesbians and Gay Men.” UCLA California Center for Population Research Online Working Paper Series. http://papers.ccpr.ucla.edu/index.php/pwp/article/view/852
Gates, Gary J. 2013. “LGBT Parenting in the United States.” The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, Los Angeles. https://bit.ly/1HiGYKV
Gauthier, Anne H. 1998. The State and the Family: A Comparative Analysis of Family Policies in Industrialized Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gauthier, Anne H. 2002. “Family Policies in Industrialized Countries: Is There Convergence?Population 57(3): 447474.
Gerstmann, Evan. 2017. Same-Sex Marriage and the Constitution. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Glass, Christy and Fodor, Éva. 2007. “From Public to Private Maternalism? Gender and Welfare in Poland and Hungary after 1989.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 14(3): 323350.
Glass, Christy and Fodor, Éva. 2011. “Public Maternalism Goes to Market: Recruitment, Hiring, and Promotion in Postsocialist Hungary.” Gender & Society 25(1): 526.
Goertz, Gary and Mazur, Amy G.. 2008. Politics, Gender, and Concepts: Theory and Methodology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Goldberg, Gertrude Schaffner. 2009. Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty over the Life Course. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gordon, Linda. 1994. Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare, 1890–1935. New York: Free Press.
Gordon, Linda. 2012. Women, the State, and Welfare. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Gornick, Janet C. and Meyers, Marcia K.. 2005. Families That Work: Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Gornick, Janet C. and Meyers, Marcia K.. 2008. “Creating Gender Egalitarian Societies: An Agenda for Reform.Politics & Society 36(3): 313349.
Gorski, Philip S. and Ateş, Altınordu. 2008. “After Secularization?Annual Review of Sociology 34: 5585.
Gough, Ian and Wood, Geoffrey. 2004. Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America: Social Policy in Development Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Graham, Kathy T. 2001. “How the Ali Child Custody Principles Help Eliminate Gender and Sexual Orientation Bias from Child Custody Determinations.Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy 8: 323331.
Green, Adam Isaiah. 2013. “Debating Same-Sex Marriage: Lesbian and Gay Spouses Speak to the Literature” pp. 375405 in Bernstein, Mary and Taylor, Verta (eds.) The Marrying Kind: Debating Same-Sex Marriage Within the Lesbian and Gay Movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Gurbuz, Mustafa and Bernstein, Mary. 2012. “‘Thou Shall Not Protest!’: Multi-Institutional Politics, Strategic Non-Confrontation and Islamic Mobilizations in Turkey.Research in Social Movements, Conflict and Change 34: 6391.
Gurr, Barbara. 2015. Reproductive Justice: The Politics of Health Care for Native American Women. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Gurr, Barbara and McGary, Nikki. 2009. “Restricted Access: The Intersections of Reproductive Health, Rights and Policy for Native American Women.” Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering 11(1): 110121.
Haas, Linda and Rostgaard, Tine. 2011. “Fathers’ Rights to Paid Parental Leave in Nordic Countries: Consequences for the Gendered Division of Leave.” Community, Work & Family 14(2): 177195.
Haggard, Stephan and Kaufman, Robert R.. 2008. Development, Democracy, and Welfare States: Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Haider-Markel, Donald P., Joslyn, Mark R., and Kniss, Chad J.. 2000. “Minority Group Interests and Political Representation: Gay Elected Officials in the Policy Process.” Journal of Politics 62(2): 568577.
Halfmann, Drew. 2011. Doctors and Demonstrators: How Political Institutions Shape Abortion Law in the United States, Britain, and Canada. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Halley, Janet E. 1994. “Reasoning about Sodomy: Act and Identity In and After Bowers v. Hardwick.” Virginia Law Review 79: 17211780.
Haney, Lynne. 2017. “Homeboys, Babies, Men in Suits: The State and the Reproduction of Male Dominance.” American Sociological Review 61(5): 759778.
Heymann, Jody. 2006. Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Higgins, Jenny A., Hoffman, Susie, and Dworkin, Shari L.. 2010. “Rethinking Gender, Heterosexual Men, and Women’s Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.” American Journal of Public Health 100(3): 435445.
Hippert, Christine. 2011. “The Politics and Practices of Constructing Development Identities in Rural Bolivia.” Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 16(1): 90113.
Hoang, Kimberly Kay. 2011 . “She’s Not a Low-Class Dirty Girl!’: Sex Work in Ho Chi Minh City.Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 40(4): 367396.
Hoang, Kimberly Kay. 2015. Dealing in Desire: Asian Ascendancy, Western Decline, and the Hidden Currencies of Global Sex Work. Oakland: University of California Press.
Barbara, Hobson (ed.). 2002. Making Men into Fathers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hobson, Barbara and Takahashi, Mieko. 1997. “The Parent-Worker Model: Lone Mothers in Sweden” pp. 121139 in Lewis, Jane (ed.) Lone Mothers in European Welfare State Regimes. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Hofman, Darra L. 2008. “Mama’s Baby, Daddy’s Maybe: A State-by-State Survey of Surrogacy Laws and Their Disparate Gender Impact.” William Mitchell Law Review 35(2): 449.
Hooper, Charlotte2012. Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Hughes, Melanie M. and Green, Jennifer L.. 2006. “The International Women’s Movement and Women’s Political Representation, 1893–2003.American Sociological Review 71: 898920.
Hull, Kathleen E. and Ortyl, Timothy A.. 2013. “Same-Sex Marriage and Constituent Perceptions of the LGBT Rights Movement” pp. 67102 in Bernstein, Mary and Taylor, Verta (eds.) The Marrying Kind? Debating Same-Sex Marriage Within the Lesbian and Gay Movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Inhorn, Marcia C., Cour Mosegaard, Maruska la, Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine, and Goldberg, Helene (eds). 2009Reconceiving the Second Sex: Men, Masculinity, and Reproduction. New York: Berghahn Books.
International Labour Organization (ILO). 2009. “Global Employment Trends for Women 2009.” International Labour Organization (March): 78.
Isserles, Robin G. 2016. “Microcredit: The Rhetoric of Empowerment, the Reality of ‘Development As Usual.’” Women’s Studies Quarterly 31(3): 3857.
Jackson, Stevi. 2006. “Interchanges: Gender, Sexuality and Heterosexuality: The Complexity (and Limits) of Heteronormativity.” Feminist Theory 7(1): 105121.
Jacobs, Anna W. and Padavic, Irene. 2015. “Hours, Scheduling and Flexibility for Women in the US Low-Wage Labour Force.Gender, Work & Organization 22(1): 6786.
Jeffery, Patricia and Basu, Amrita. 2012. Appropriating Gender: Women’s Activism and Politicized Religion in South Asia. New York: Routledge.
Jessop, Bob. 1996. “Post-Fordism and the State” pp. 165–83 in Greve, Bent (ed.) Comparative Welfare Systems. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Jurik, Nancy C. 2005. Bootstrap Dreams: U.S. Microenterprise Development in an Era of Welfare Reform. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Kabeer, Naila. 2003. Gender Mainstreaming in Poverty Eradication and the Millennium Development Goals: A Handbook for Policy-Makers and Other Stakeholders. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
Kannabiran, Kalpana2013. Tools of Justice: Non-Discrimination and the Indian Constitution. New York: Routledge.
Kahan, Michelle. 2006. “‘Put Up’ on Platforms: A History of Twentieth Century Adoption Policy in the United States.” Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 33(3): 5173.
Kamerman, Sheila B. and Kahn, Alfred J.. 2014. Privatization and the Welfare State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Karaian, Lara. 2013. “Pregnant Men: Repronormativity, Critical Trans Theory and the Re(conceive)ing of Sex and Pregnancy in Law.” Social & Legal Studies 22(2): 211230.
Kautto, Mikko, Fritzell, Johan, Hvinden, Bjorn, and Uusitalo, Hannu (eds.). 2001. Nordic Welfare States in the European Context. New York: Routledge.
Kay, Herma Hill. 2002. “No-Fault Divorce and Child Custody: Chilling out the Gender Wars.” Family Law Quarterly 36(1): 2747.
Kazyak, Emily and Stange, Matthew. 2018. “Backlash or a Positive Response?: Public Opinion of LGB Issues after Obergefell v. Hodges.” Journal of Homosexuality 65(14): 20282052.
Keck, Margaret E. and Sikkink, Kathryn. 2014. Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Kelly, Kimberly and Grant, Linda. 2007. “State Abortion and Nonmarital Birthrates in Post-Welfare Reform Era: The Impact of Economic Incentives on Reproductive Behaviors of Teenage and Adult Women.” Gender & Society 21(6): 878904.
Kessler, Suzanne J. 1990. Lessons from the Intersexed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Keuroghlian, Alex S., Shtasel, Derri, and Bassuk, Ellen L.. 2014. “Out on the Street: A Public Health and Policy Agenda for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 84(1): 6672.
Kim-Puri, H. J. 2005. “Conceptualizing Gender-Sexuality-State-Nation: An Introduction.” Gender & Society 19(2): 137159.
Kingfisher, Catherine. 2013. Western Welfare in Decline: Globalization and Women’s Poverty. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Klausen, Susanne M. 2010. “‘Reclaiming the White Daughter’s Purity’: Afrikaner Nationalism, Racialized Sexuality, and the 1975 Abortion and Sterilization Act in Apartheid South Africa.” Journal of Women’s History 22(3): 3963.
Kollman, Kelly. 2009. “European Institutions, Transnational Networks and National Same-Sex Unions Policy: When Soft Law Hits Harder.” Contemporary Politics 15(1): 3753.
Kollman, Kelly and Waites, Matthew. 2009. “The Global Politics of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Human Rights : An Introduction.” Contemporary Politics 15(1): 117.
Krizsan, Andrea and Roggeband, Conny. 2018. The Gender Politics of Domestic Violence: Feminists Engaging the State in Central and Eastern Europe. New York: Routledge.
Krook, Mona Lena. 2006. “Reforming Representation: The Diffusion of Candidate Gender Quotas Worldwide.” Politics & Gender 2(3): 303327.
Kuo, Lenore. 2002. Prostitution Policy: Revolutionizing Practice Through a Gendered Perspective. New York: New York University Press.
Kuumba, M. Bahati. 2002. “‘You’ve Struck a Rock’: Comparing Gender, Social Movements, and Transformation in the United States and South Africa.Gender & Society 16(4): 504523.
Kwon, Huck-ju. 2005. “Transforming the Developmental Welfare State in East Asia.” Development and Change 36(3): 477497.
Lafont, Suzanne. 2001. “One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Women in the Post-Communist States.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 34(2): 203220.
Lee, Jess. 2019. “Black LGB Identities and Perceptions of Same-Sex Marriage.” Journal of Homosexuality 65(14): 20052027.
Lewis, Gail. 2000. Race, Gender, Welfare: Encounters in a Postcolonial Society. London: Blackwell.
Lewis, Jane E. (ed.). 1997. Lone Mothers in European Welfare Regimes: Shifting Policy Logics. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Lewis, Jane E. 2009. Work–Family Balance, Gender, and Policy. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
Lind, Amy. 2004. “Legislating the Family: Heterosexist Bias in Social Welfare Policy Frameworks.” Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 31(4): 2135.
Liptak, Adam. 2017. “Cake Is His ‘Art.’ So Can He Deny One To A Gay Couple?,” New York Times, September 16. https://nyti.ms/2DGjUuv
Lombardo, Emanuela, Meier, Petra, and Verloo, Mieke (eds.). 2009. The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality: Stretching, Bending and Policy-Making. New York: Routledge.
Lugones, Maria. 2016. “The Coloniality of Gender” pp. 1333 in Harcourt, Wendy (ed.) The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Development. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Luker, Kristin. 1996. Dubious Conceptions: The Politics of Teenage Pregnancy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Malhotra, Ragini Saira, Misra, Joya, and Leal, Diego F.. 2016. “Gender and Reproductive Labor Migration in Asia, 1960–2000.” International Journal of Sociology 46(2): 114140.
Mallon, Gerald P. 1998. We Don’t Exactly Get the Welcome Wagon: The Experiences of Gay and Lesbian Adolescents in Child Welfare Systems. New York: Columbia University Press.
Mandel, Hadas. 2010. “Winners and Losers: The Consequences of Welfare State Policies for Gender Wage Inequality.” European Sociological Review 28(2): 241262.
Mandel, Hadas. 2013. “Up the Down Staircase: Women’s Upward Mobility and the Wage Penalty for Occupational Feminization, 1970–2007.” Social Forces 91(4): 11831207.
Mansbridge, Jane J. 2015. Why We Lost the ERA. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Marten, Robert, McIntyre, Diane, Travassos, Claudia, et al. 2014. “An Assessment of Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS).” Lancet 384(9960): 21642171.
Mayo, Cris. 2013. LGBTQ Youth and Education: Policies and Practices, New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University.
Mazur, Amy and McBride, Dorothy. 2012. “Gender Machineries Worldwide.” Washington, D.C.: World Bank. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9118 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
McClintock, Anne. 2013. Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York: Routledge.
McDonald, Peter. 2002. “Les politiques de soutien de la fécondité: l’éventail des possibilités.” Population 57(3): 423.
Mepschen, Paul, Duyvendak, Jan Willem, and Tonkens, Evelien H.. 2010. “Sexual Politics, Orientalism and Multicultural Citizenship in the Netherlands.Sociology 44: 962979.
Merry, Sally Engle. 2006. Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Meyer, Madonna Harrington and Herd, Pamela. 2007. Market Friendly or Family Friendly? The State and Gender Inequality in Old Age. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Mink, Gwendolyn. 1996. The Wages of Motherhood: Inequality in the Welfare State, 1917–1942. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Mink, Gwendolyn. 1999. Whose Welfare? Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Misra, Joya. 1998. “Mothers or Workers? The Value of Women’s Labor: Women and the Emergence of Family Allowance Policy.” Gender & Society 12(4): 376399.
Misra, Joya. 2003. “Women as Agents in Welfare State Development: A Cross-National Analysis of Family Allowance Adoption.” Socio-Economic Review 1(2): 185214.
Misra, Joya. 2018. “Categories, Structures, and Intersectional Theory” pp. 111130 in Messerschmidt, James W., Yancey Martin, Patricia, Messner, Michael A., and Connell, Raewyn (eds.) Gender Reckonings: New Social Theory and Research. New York: New York University Press.
Misra, Joya and Akins, Frances. 1998. “The Welfare State and Women: Structure, Agency, and Diversity.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 5(3): 259285.
Misra, Joya, Budig, Michelle J., and Boeckmann, Irene. 2011. “Cross-National Patterns in Individual and Household Employment and Work Hours.Research in the Sociology of Work 22: 169207.
Misra, Joya, Budig, Michelle J., and Moller, Stephanie. 2007. “Reconciliation Policies and the Effects of Motherhood on Employment, Earnings and Poverty.” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 9(2): 135155.
Misra, Joya, Moller, Stephanie, Strader, Eiko, and Wemlinger, Elizabeth. 2012. “Family Policies, Employment and Poverty among Partnered and Single Mothers.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 30(1): 113128.
Misra, Joya and Murray-Close., Marta 2014. “The Gender Wage Gap in the United States and Cross Nationally.” Sociology Compass 8(11): 12811295.
Misra, Joya, Woodring, Jonathan, and Merz, Sabine N.. 2006. “The Globalization of Care Work: Neoliberal Economic Restructuring and Migration Policy.” Globalizations 3(3): 317332.
Mize, Trenton D. 2016. “Sexual Orientation in the Labor Market.” American Sociological Review 81(6): 11321160.
Moghadam, Valentine M. 2003. Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Moghissi, Haideh. 2016. Populism and Feminism in Iran: Women’s Struggle in a Male-Defined Revolutionary Movement. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Mohanty, Chandra. 2003. “Under Western Eyes” Revisited: Feminist Solidarity through Anticapitalist Struggles.” Signs 28(2): 499535.
Moller, Stephanie, Misra, Joya, Wemlinger, Elizabeth, and Strader, Eiko. 2016. “Policy Interventions and Relative Incomes of Families with Children by Family Structure and Parental Education.” Socius 2.
Monro, Surya. 2003. “Transgender Politics in the UK.” Critical Social Policy 23(4): 433452.
Moore, Mignon. 2011. Invisible Families: Gay Identities, Relationships, and Motherhood among Black Women. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Moore, Mignon and Stambolis-Ruhstorfer., Michael 2013. “LGBT Sexuality and Families at the Start of the Twenty-First Century.Annual Review of Sociology 39: 491507.
Moreno-Serra, Rodrigo and Smith, Peter C.. 2012. “Does Progress towards Universal Health Coverage Improve Population Health?The Lancet 380(9845): 917923.
Morgan, Kimberly J. 2009. “Caring Time Policies in Western Europe: Trends and Implications.” Comparative European Politics 7(1): 3755.
Morrell, Robert, Jewkes, Rachel, and Lindegger, Graham. 2012. “Hegemonic Masculinity/Masculinities in South Africa: Culture, Power, and Gender Politics.” Men and Masculinities 15(1): 1130.
Moser, Caroline and Moser, Annalise. 2014. “Gender Mainstreaming since 1995 Beijing.” Gender & Development 24(8): 1357.
Mottet, Lisa. 2013. “Modernizing State Vital Statistics Statutes and Policies to Ensure Accurate Gender Markers on Birth Certificates: A Good Government Approach to Recognizing the Lives of Transgender People.Michigan Journal of Gender and Law Volume 19(2): 373470.
National Center for Transgender Inequality. 2019. “Trump Administration Announces Beginning of Transgender Military Ban on April 12.” March 12. Retrieved May 16, 2019. www.thetaskforce.org/nondiscrimination-laws-map/
National Lesbian and Gay Task Force (NGLTF). 2014. “State Nondiscrimination Laws in the US.” www.thetaskforce.org/static_html/downloads/reports/issue_maps/non_discrimination_5_14_color_new.pdf
Naples, Nancy A. and Bernstein, Mary. In press. “Reproductive Justice and the Contradictions of International Surrogacy Claims by Gay Men in Australia” in by Tambe, Ashwini and Thayer, Millie (eds.) Transnational Feminist Itineraries. Chapel Hill: Duke University Press.
Nieuwenhuis, Rense, Need, Ariana, and Henk, van der Kolk. 2012. “Institutional and Demographic Explanations of Women’s Employment in 18 OECD Countries.” Journal of Marriage and Family 74(3): 614630.
Ochiai, Emiko. 2009. “Care Diamonds and Welfare Regimes in East and South-East Asian Societies: Bridging Family and Welfare Sociology.” International Journal of Japanese Sociology 18(1): 6078.
O’Connor, Julia S., Orloff, Ann Shola, and Shaver, Sheila. 1999. States, Markets, Families: Gender, Liberalism and Social Policy in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oishi, Nana. 2005. Women in Motion: Globalization, State Policies, and Labor Migration in Asia. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Orloff, Ann Shola. 1993. “Gender and the Social Rights of Citizenship: The Comparative Analysis of Gender Relations and Welfare States.” American Sociological Review 58(3): 303328.
Outshoorn, Joyce. 2004. The Politics of Prostitution: Women’s Movements, Democratic States and the Globalisation of Sex Commerce. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónkẹ́1997. The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Panda, Pradeep and Agarwal, Bina. 2005. “Marital Violence, Human Development and Women’s Property Status in India.” World Development 33(5): 823850.
Pande, Amrita. 2010. “Commercial Surrogacy in India: Manufacturing a Perfect Mother-Worker.” Signs 35(4): 969992.
Pande, Amrita. 2015. “Global Reproductive Inequalities, Neo-Eugenics and Commercial Surrogacy in India.Current Sociology 4: 115.
Parreñas, Rhacel Salazar. 2001. Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Paternotte, David. 2016. The Lesbian and Gay Movement and the State: Comparative Insights Into a Transformed Relationship. New York: Routledge.
Paxton, Pamela and Hughes, Melanie M.2015. Women, Politics, and Power: A Global Perspective. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.
Paxton, Pamela, Kunovich, Sheri, and Hughes, Melanie M.. 2007. “Gender in Politics.Annual Review of Sociology 33: 263284.
Pearson, Ruth and Sweetman, Caroline. 2011. Gender and the Economic Crisis. Oxford: Practical Action Publishing and Oxfam.
Peck, Jamie. 2001. Workfare States. New York: Guilford Press.
Perrett, Molly. 2011. “Surrogacy.” Australian Broadcasting Company [ABC] News Local, January 28.
Petersen, Ole Helby and Hjelmar, Ulf. 2014. “Marketization of Welfare Services in Scandinavia: A Review of Swedish and Danish Experiences.” Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration 17(4): 320.
Pettit, Becky and Hook, Jennifer L.. 2009. Gendered Tradeoffs: Family, Social Policy, and Economic Inequality in Twenty-One Countries. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Pfau-Effinger, Birgit. 2017. Development of Culture, Welfare States and Women’s Employment in Europe. New York: Routledge.
Pfeffer, Carla. 2014. “‘I Don’t Like Passing as a Straight Woman’: Queer Negotiations of Identity and Social Group Membership.” American Journal of Sociology 120(1): 144.
Platero, Raquel. 2007. “Love and the State: Gay Marriage in Spain.” Feminist Legal Studies 15(3): 329340.
Polikoff, Nancy D. and Bronski, Michael. 2009. Beyond (Gay and Straight) Marriage: Valuing All Families under the Law. Boston: Beacon Press.
Puri, Jyoti. 2008. Encountering Nationalism. New York: Wiley.
Pyle, Jean L. and Ward, Kathryn B.. 2003. “Recasting Our Understanding of Gender and Work During Global Restructuring.International Sociology 18(3): 461489.
Ramirez, Francisco O., Soysal, Yasemin, and Shanahan, Suzanne. 1997. “The Changing Logic of Political Citizenship: Cross-National Acquisition of Women’s Suffrage Rights, 1890 to 1990.” American Sociological Review 62(5): 735745.
Rao, Aruna and Kelleher, David. 2005. “Is There Life after Gender Mainstreaming?Gender & Development 13(2): 5769.
Razavi, Shahra and Jenichen, Anne. 2010. “The Unhappy Marriage of Religion and Politics: Problems and Pitfalls for Gender Equality.” Third World Quarterly 31(6): 833850.
Rellis, Jennifer. 2007. “‘Please Write “E” in This Box’ Toward Self-Identification and Recognition of a Third Gender: Approaches in the United States and India.” Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 14: 223.
Riggs, Damien W. and Due, Clemence. 2010. “Gay Men, Race Privilege and Surrogacy in India.”Outskirts: Feminisms along the Edge. 22, May. www.outskirts.arts.uwa.edu.au/volumes/volume-22/riggs
Riggs, Damien W. and Due, Clemence. 2013. “Vulnerability and Reproductive Travel: Australian Media Reports of Offshore Surrogacy in India.” Citizenship Studies 17(8): 956969.
Riggs, Damien W. and Due, Clemence. 2017. A Critical Approach to Surrogacy: Reproductive Desires and Demands. Routledge.
Risman, Barbara J. 2004. “Gender as a Social Structure: Theory Wrestling with Activism.” Gender & Society 18(4): 429450.
Rizzo, Helen, Abdel-Latif, Abdel-Hamid, and Meyer, Katherine. 2007. “The Relationship Between Gender Equality and Democracy: A Comparison of Arab Versus Non-Arab Muslim Societies.” Sociology 41(6): 11511170.
Roberts, Dorothy. 2014. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Knopf.
Roggeband, Conny. 2018. “The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Making Sense of Opposition to Feminisms from a Social-Movement Perspective” pp. 1937 in Verloo, Mieke (ed.) Varieties in Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe. New York: Routledge.
Roychowdhury, Poulami. 2015. “‘The Delhi Gang Rape’: The Making of International Causes.” Feminist Studies 39(1): 282292.
Rubery, Jill, Smith, Mark, and Fagan, Colette. 2003. Women’s Employment in Europe: Trends and Prospects. New York: Routledge.
Ruhs, Martin and Anderson, Bridget. 2010. Who Needs Migrant Workers? Labour Shortages, Immigration, and Public Policy. New York: Oxford.
Saguy, Abigail C. 2002. “International Crossways.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 9(3): 249267.
Saguy, Abigail C. 2003. What Is Sexual Harassment?: From Capitol Hill to the Sorbonne. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Salzinger, Leslie. 2000. “Manufacturing Sexual Subjects: ‘Harassment’, Desire and Discipline on a Maquiladora Shopfloor.” Ethnography 1(1): 6792.
Sánchez, Fuentes, María Luisa, Paine, Jennifer, and Elliott-Buettner., Brook 2008. “The Decriminalisation of Abortion in Mexico City: How Did Abortion Rights Become a Political Priority?Gender & Development 16(2): 345360.
Sassen, Saskia. 2000. “Women’s Burden: Counter-Geographies of Globalization and the Feminization of Survival.” Journal of International Affairs 53(2): 503524.
Schalet, Amy. 2011. Not Under My Roof Parents, Teens, and the Culture of Sex. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Scherpe, Jens M. (ed.). 2015. The Legal Status of Transsexual and Transgender Persons. Cambridge: Intersentia.
Schilt, Kristen. 2010. Just One of the Guys? Transgender Men and the Persistence of Gender Inequality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schilt, Kristen and Wiswall, Matthew. 2008. “Before and After: Gender Transitions, Human Capital, and Workplace Experiences.” The B. E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 8(1): 128.
Schoen, Johanna. 2005. Choice & Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Schreiber, Ronnee. 2008. Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sharma, Aradnah. 2008. Logics of Empowerment: Development, Gender, and Governance in Neoliberal India. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Sirola, Krista. 2006. “Are You My Mother? Defending the Rights of Intended Parents in Gestational Surrogacy Arrangements in Pennsylvania.” Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law 14(1): 131161.
Smart, Carol. 1989. Feminism and the Power of Law. London: Routledge.
Smeeding, Timothy M. and Sandstrom, Susanna. 2005. “Poverty and Income Maintenance in Old Age: A Cross-National View of Low Income Older Women.” Luxembourg Income Study Working Paper Series, No. 398.
Smith, Miriam. 2008. Political Institutions and Lesbian and Gay Rights in the United States and Canada. New York: Routledge.
Solinger, Rickie. 1998. Abortion Wars: A Half Century of Struggle, 1950–2000. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Solinger, Rickie. 2005. Pregnancy and Power: A Short History of Reproductive Politics in America. New York: New York University Press.
Sonfield, Adam and Pollack, Harold A.. 2013. “The Affordable Care Act and Reproductive Health: Potential Gains and Serious Challenges.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 38(2): 373391.
Spade, Dean. 2015. Normal: Administrative Violence, Critical Trans Politics, and the Limits of Law. Brooklyn: South End Press.
Staab, Silke and Gerhard, Roberto. 2011. “Putting Two and Two Together? Early Childhood Education, Mothers’ Employment and Care Service Expansion in Chile and Mexico.Development and Change 42(4): 10791107.
Stacey, Judith and Biblarz, Timothy J.. 2001. “(How) Does the Sexual Orientation of Parents Matter?American Sociological Review 66(2): 159183.
Stafford, Ned. 2013. “Germany Is First European Country to Recognise Third Sex on Birth Certificates.” BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online)347. https://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f5249
Stein, Arlene. 2013. “What’s the Matter with Newark? Race, Class, Marriage Politics, and the Limits of Queer Liberalism” pp. 3965 in Bernstein, Mary and Taylor, Verta (eds.) The Marrying Kind? Debating Same-Sex Marriage Within the Lesbian and Gay Movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Stephens, Torrance. 2009. “Prison, Crime, and Sexual Health in the United States: How the Criminal Justice Systems Contribute to Health Disparities in the Black Community” pp. 173189 in Battle, Juan and Barnes, Sandra L. (eds.) Black Sexualities: Probing Powers, Passions, Practices, and Policies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Stone, Amy. 2012. Gay Rights at the Ballot Box. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Thayer, Millie. 2009. Making Transnational Feminism: Rural Women, NGO Activists, and Northern Donors in Brazil. New York: Routledge.
Thoreson, Ryan R. 2014. Transnational LGBT Activism: Working for Sexual Rights Worldwide. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Tilly, Louise A. and Wallach Scott, Joan. 1987. Women, Work, and Family. New York: Routledge.
Turner, Stephanie S. 1999. “Intersex Identities: Locating New Intersections of Sex and Gender.” Gender and Society 13(4): 457479.
van der Lippe, Tanja and van Dijk., Liset 2002. “Comparative Research on Women’s Employment.”Annual Review of Sociology 28(1): 221241.
van Zyl, Mikki. 2011. “Are Same‐Sex Marriages UnAfrican? Same‐Sex Relationships and Belonging in Post‐Apartheid South Africa.” Journal of Social Issues 67(2): 335357.
Verloo, Mieke (ed.). 2018. Varieties in Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe. New York: Routledge.
Vissandjee, Bilkis, Weinfeld, Morton, Dupere, Sophie, and Abdool, Shelly. 2001. “Sex, Gender, Ethnicity, and Access to Health Care Services: Research and Policy Challenges for Immigrant Women in Canada.” Journal of International Migration and Integration 2(1): 5575.
Vogel, Lise. 1993. Mothers on the Job: Maternity Policy in the U.S. Workplace. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Waite, Sean and Denier, Nicole. 2015. “Gay Pay for Straight Work.” Gender & Society 29(4): 561588.
Walby, Sylvia. 2002. “Gender and the New Economy: Regulation or Deregulation.” Work, Life and Time in the New Economy (October): 129.
Walby, Sylvia. 2005. “Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 12(3): 321343.
Warren, Tracey. 2010. “Penalties of Part-Time Work Across Europe” pp. 109125 in Scott, Jacqueline L., Crompton, Rosemary, and Lyonette, Clare (eds.) Gender Inequalities in the 21st Century. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
Weichselbaumer, Doris and Winter-Ebmer., Rudolf 2007. “International Gender Wage Gaps.Economic Policy 50(April): 235287.
Weitzer, Ronald (ed.). 2000. Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry. New York: Routledge.
Westbrook, Laurel and Schilt, Kristen. 2014. “Doing Gender, Determining Gender.” Gender & Society 28(1): 3257.
Weston, Kath. 1991. Families We Choose: Lesbians, Gays, Kinship. New York: Columbia University Press.
Wilson, Ara. 2010. “Medical Tourism in Thailand” pp. 118143 in Ong, Aihwa and Chen, Nancy N. (eds.) Asian Biotech: Ethics and Communities of Fate, Experimental Futures. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Winter, Bronwyn, Forest, Maxime, and Sénac, Réjane (eds.). 2018. Global Perspectives on Same-Sex Marriage A Neo-Institutional Approach. London: Springer Publications.
Wood, Geoffrey and Gough, Ian. 2006. “A Comparative Welfare Regime Approach to Global Social Policy.” World Development 34(10): 16961712.
Yavuz, M. Hakan. 1998. “Turkish Identity and Foreign Policy in Flux: The Rise of Neo‐Ottomanism.” Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies 7(12): 1941.
Yavuz, M. Hakan. 2009. Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Yu, Van. 2010. “Shelter and Transitional Housing for Transgender Youth.” Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health 14(4): 340345.
Zippel, Kathrin. 2004. “Transnational Advocacy Networks and Policy Cycles in the European Union: The Case of Sexual Harassment.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 11(1): 5785.
Zippel, Kathrin. 2006. The Politics of Sexual Harassment: A Comparative Study of the United States, the European Union, and Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.