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Methods for Luke
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  • Edited by Joel B. Green, Fuller Theological Seminary, California
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Book description

In Methods for Luke, four leading scholars demonstrate how different interpretive methods provide insight into the Gospel of Luke. Introducing contemporary perspectives on historical criticism, feminist criticism, narrative criticism, and Latino interpretation, they illustrate these approaches to New Testament study by examining either the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19-31) or Jesus' warning regarding the scribes and the story of the women with two small coins (Luke 20:45-21:4). The use of two 'set texts' enables readers to understand how method makes a difference in the reading of the same text.


'[This book is] a good source of methodological knowledge for students of the New Testament, and a useful guide on how to interpret Luke’s Gospel.'

Krzysztof Mielcarek Source: The Biblical Annals

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Suggestions for Further Reading
Historical Criticism
Barbour, R. S. Traditio-Historical Criticism of the Gospels: Some Comments on Current Methods, Studies in Creative Criticism 4 (London: SPCK, 1972). An important, though dated, introduction to the tradition criticism.
Bauckham, Richard. Jesus and the Eyewitnesses: The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2006). Challenges pessimistic views based on widely held understandings of oral transmission and standard form-critical perspectives regarding the historical veracity of the Gospels.
Bultmann, Rudolf. History of the Synoptic Tradition (New York: Harper & Row, 1963). Together with Dibelius (see below), a classic form-critical study.
Conzelmann, Hans. The Theology of St. Luke (London: Faber & Faber, 1960). The pioneering work on redaction criticism of the Gospel of Luke.
Dibelius, Martin. From Tradition to Gospel (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1935). Together with Bultmann (see above), a classic form-critical study.
Meier, John P. A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus, vol. 1, ABRL (New York: Doubleday, 1991). A useful restatement regarding the practice of tradition criticism, including a good discussion of the criteria of authenticity in the study of the historical Jesus.
Metzger, Bruce M. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 3rd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992). A standard textbook on text criticism of the New Testament.
Neyrey, Jerome H., ed. The Social World of Luke-Acts: Models for Interpretation (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1991). A useful collection of essays demonstrating the promise of social-scientific approaches to historical study of the Gospel of Luke.
Porter, Stanley E., ed. Handbook of Classical Rhetoric in the Hellenistic Period, 330 B.C.–A.D. 400 (Leiden: Brill, 1997). A collection of primary sources concerned with the principles and practice of ancient rhetoric.
Rothschild, Clare K. Luke-Acts and the Rhetoric of History: An Investigation of Early Christian Historiography, WUNT 2:175 (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004). An important investigation into the question of what it means to refer to Luke-Acts as “history.”
Feminist Criticism
Anderson, Janice Capel. “Mapping Feminist Biblical Criticism: The American Scene, 1983–1990,” Critical Books in Religion (ed. Eldon, Jay Epp; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991), 21–44. Maps the development of American feminist criticism of the Bible in its early years.
Cheney, Emily. She Can Read: Feminist Strategies for Biblical Narrative (Valley Forge, Penn.: Trinity, 1996). Draws on feminist literary criticism and feminist biblical scholars to offer strategies for reading biblical texts in the service of feminist preaching.
Levine, Amy-Jill, with Marianne, Blickenstaff, ed. A Feminist Companion to Luke (London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002). Important collection of essays demonstrating a variety of ways feministic criticism has approached the Gospel of Luke.
Murphy, Cullen. The Word according to Eve: Women and the Bible in Ancient Times and Our Own (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998). Written for a more general audience, this book surveys American feminist biblical criticism.
Reid, Barbara. Choosing the Better Part? Women in the Gospel of Luke (Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 1996). After situating a feminist-liberationist hermeneutic in relation to other forms of biblical interpretation, this book examines the roles and portraits of women in the Gospel of Luke.
Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. In Memory of Her: A Feminist Theological Reconstruction of Christian Origins (New York: Crossroad, 1983). One of Schüssler Fiorenza's many contributions to feminist-critical study of the NT, this is now a critical classic.
Seim, Turid Karlsen. The Double Message: Patterns of Gender in Luke-Acts (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1994). A nuanced analysis of the roles of women in Luke-Acts.
Narrative Criticism
Abbott, H. Porter. The Cambridge Introduction to Narrative (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002). An introductory survey of the state of the art in narratology.
Marguerat, Daniel, and Yvan, Bourquin. How to Read Bible Stories: An Introduction to Narrative Criticism (London: SCM, 1999). A good alternative to Powell (see below), interacting more explicitly with literary and narrative work outside of biblical studies.
Merenlathi, Petri. Poetics for the Gospels? Rethinking Narrative Criticism, SNTW (London: T. & T. Clark, 2002). For persons already familiar with the landscape of narrative criticism, an engaging discussion of how the discipline is evolving (and might develop further).
Powell, Mark Allan. What Is Narrative Criticism? GBS (Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1990). The standard introduction to the field for NT students.
Rhoads, David, and Syreeni, Kari, eds. Characterization in the Gospels: Reconceiving Narrative Criticism. JSNTS 184 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999). For persons already familiar with the landscape of narrative criticism, an engaging discussion of how the discipline is evolving (and might develop further).
Latino(a) Criticism
González, Justo. Santa Biblia: The Bible through Hispanic Eyes (Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1996). An essential entrée into reading the Bible through the lens of Latino(a) experiences.
Segovia, , Fernando, F. “Reading the Bible as Hispanic Americans,” New Interpreter's Bible, vol. 1: General and Old Testament Articles, Genesis, Exodus and Leviticus (Leander, Keck, ed.; Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 1994), 167–73. A clear, brief introduction from one of the principal voices in Hispanic and intercultural interpretation.
Segovia, Fernando F., and Tolbert, Mary Ann, eds. Reading from This Place, Vol. 1: Social Location and Biblical Interpretation in the United States (Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1995). Covers the terrain for understanding contextual readings from a range of social groups in the U.S.
Commentaries on the Gospel of Luke
These one-volume commentaries, reflecting a broad continuum of feminist commitments, provide introductory interpretive resources related to feminist criticism as well as feminist commentary on the Gospel of Luke: Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler, ed,. Searching the Scriptures: A Feminist Commentary (New York: Crossroad, 1993); Carol A. Newsom and Sharon H. Ringe, eds., Women's Bible Commentary (2nd ed. (Louisville, Ky: Westminster John Knox, 1998); and Catherine Clark Kroeger and Mary J. Evans, eds., The IVP Women's Bible Commentary (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 2002).
Bock, Darrell L. Luke, 2 vols., BECNT 3 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1994/96). Historical criticism.
Bovon, François. Luke (Hermeneia. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 2002). In progress, a multivolume study combining literary analysis, tradition criticism, and an interest in the history of interpretation.
Fitzmyer, Joseph A., The Gospel according to Luke, 2 vols., AB 28-28A (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981/85. Redaction criticism.
Green, Joel B. The Gospel of Luke, NICNT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1997). Narrative criticism and social-cultural criticism.
Johnson, Luke Timothy. The Gospel of Luke, SP 3 (Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical, 1991). Literary criticism and historical background.
Marshall, I. Howard. The Gospel of Luke: A Commentary on the Greek Text, NIGTC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1978). Redaction criticism.
Nolland, John. Luke, 3 vols., WBC 35 (Dallas: Word, 1989–93). Composition criticism.


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