Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Kant's Empirical Psychology
  • Cited by 26
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Throughout his life, Kant was concerned with questions about empirical psychology. He aimed to develop an empirical account of human beings, and his lectures and writings on the topic are recognizable today as properly 'psychological' treatments of human thought and behavior. In this book Patrick R. Frierson uses close analysis of relevant texts, including unpublished lectures and notes, to study Kant's account. He shows in detail how Kant explains human action, choice, and thought in empirical terms, and how a better understanding of Kant's psychology can shed light on major concepts in his philosophy, including the moral law, moral responsibility, weakness of will, and cognitive error. Frierson also applies Kant's accounts of mental illness to contemporary philosophical issues. His book will interest students and scholars of Kant, the history of psychology, philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of action.

Reviews

‘With this lucid explanation and analysis of Kant's empirical psychology, Patrick R. Frierson makes a major contribution to Kant scholarship. Up till now, the general lack of familiarity with this aspect of Kant's philosophy has led many to conflate his moral theory and his empirical psychology, which in turn has produced many misguided objections and caricatures. Frierson's clear and balanced discussion enables readers to gain a deeper understanding of Kant's empirical account of human cognition and action, and to situate it properly in its broader philosophical context.'

Pauline Kleingeld - Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, The Netherlands

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Bibliography

Allison, H. (1973) The Kant–Eberhard Controversy, Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Allison, H. (1983) Kant’s Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Allison, H. (1990) Kant’s Theory of Freedom, Cambridge University Press.
Allison, H. (2001) “Ethics, Evil, and Anthropology in Kant: Remarks on Allen Wood’s Kant’s Ethical Thought,” Ethics 111: 594–613.
Ameriks, K. (1981) “Kant’s Deduction of Freedom and Morality,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 19: 53–79.
Ameriks, K. (1982a) Kant’s Theory of Mind, Oxford University Press (2nd edn. 2000).
Ameriks, K. (1982b), “Recent Work on Kant’s Theoretical Philosophy,” American Philosophical Quarterly 19: 1–24.
Ameriks, K. (2000) Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press.
Ameriks, K. (2003) Interpreting Kant’s Critiques, Oxford University Press.
Aquila, R. (1979) Matter in Mind: A Study of Kant’s Transcendental Deduction, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Baron, M. (1995) Kantian Ethics (Almost) without Apology, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Baumgarten, A. G. (1739) Metaphysica, Halle.
Beck, L. W. (1960) A Commentary on Kant’s “Critique of Practical Reason,” University of Chicago Press.
Beck, L. W. (1969) Early German Philosophy: Kant and His Predecessors, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beck, L. W. (1987) “Five Concepts of Freedom in Kant,” in J. T. J. Szrednicki (ed.), Stephan Körner: Philosophical Analysis and Reconstruction, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, pp. 35–51.
Berker, S. (2009) “The Normative Insignificance of Neuroscience,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 37: 293–329.
Bernasconi, R. (2001) “Who Invented the Concept of Race?” in R. Bernasconi (ed.), Race, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 11–36.
Bernasconi, R. (2002) “Kant as an Unfamiliar Source of Racism,” in J. Ward and T. Lott (eds.), Philosophers on Race: Critical Essays, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 145–66.
Bielefeldt, H. (2003) Symbolic Representation in Kant’s Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press.
Bishop, M. and Trout, J. D. (2005) Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment, Oxford University Press.
Blackburn, S. (1998) Ruling Passions, Oxford University Press.
Borges, M. (2004) “What Can Kant Teach Us about Emotions?Journal of Philosophy 101: 140–58.
Borges, M. (2008) “Physiology and the Controlling of Affects in Kant’s Philosophy,” Kantian Review 13: 46–66.
Boxill, B. and Hill Jr., T. (2001) “Kant and Race”, in B. Boxill (ed.), Race and Racism, Oxford University Press, pp. 448–71.
Brandt, R. (1999) Kritischer Kommentar zu Kants “Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht” (1798), Kant-Forschungen 10, Berlin: F. Meiner Verlag.
Brandt, R. and Stark, W. (1997) “Einleitung,” in Kants gesammelte Schriften, 25:vii–cli, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Bratman, M. (1979) “Practical Reasoning and Weakness of the Will,” Noûs 13: 153–71.
Bratman, M. (1987) Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brender, N. (1997) “Precarious Positions: Aspects of Kantian Moral Agency,” doctoral dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
Brender, N. (1998) “Keeping Up Appearances: Kantian Moral Agency and the Fragility of Respect,” presented at the NAKS Session of the Pacific APA.
Broadie, A. and Pybus, E. M. (1982) “Kant and Weakness of Will,” Kant-Studien 73: 406–12
Brook, A. (1994) Kant and the Mind, Cambridge University Press.
Buss, S. (1997) “Weakness of Will,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78: 13–44.
Caygill, H. (2003) “Kant’s Apology for Sensibility,” in B. Jacobs and P. Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant’s Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 164–93.
Clark, D. (2001) “Kant’s Aliens. The ‘Anthropology’ and Its Others,” CR: The New Centennial Review 1: 201–89.
Clewis, R. (2009) The Kantian Sublime and the Revelation of Freedom, Cambridge University Press.
Cohen, A. (2007) “A Kantian Stance on Teleology in Biology,” South African Journal of Philosophy 26: 109–21.
Cohen, A. (2009) Kant and the Human Sciences: Biology, Anthropology, and History, Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Crusius, C. A. (1745) Entwurf der nothwendigen Vernuft-Wahrheiten, Leipzig.
Davidson, D. (1980) “How Is Weakness of the Will Possible?” in Davidson, D., (ed.) Essays on Actions and Events, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 21–42.
Dean, R. (2006) The Value of Humanity in Kant’s Moral Theory, Oxford University Press.
Doris, J. (2002) Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior, Cambridge University Press.
Eigen, S. and Larrimore, M., eds. (2006) The German Invention of Race, Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Eze, E. (1994) “The Colour of Reason: The Idea of ‘Race’ in Kant’s Anthropology,” in K. M. Faull (ed.), Anthropology and the German Enlightenment, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, pp. 200–41.
Fackenheim, E. (1957) “Kant’s Concept of History,” Kant-Studien 48: 381–98.
Foucault, M. (1965) Madness and Civilization, New York: Random House.
Foucault, M. (2006) The History of Madness, trans. Jean Khalfa, London: Routledge.
Frierson, P. (2003) Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy, Cambridge University Press.
Frierson, P. (2005) “The Moral Importance of Politeness in Kant’s Anthropology,” Kantian Review 9: 105–27.
Frierson, P. (2006) “Character and Evil in Kant’s Anthropology,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 44: 623–44.
Frierson, P. (2007a) “Review of Richard Dean, The Value of Humanity in Kant’s Moral Theory,” Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, at http://ndpr.nd.edu/review.cfm?id=9364 (last accessed April 18, 2014).
Frierson, P. (2007b) “Providence and Divine Mercy in Kant’s Ethical Cosmopolitanism,” Faith and Philosophy 24: 143–63.
Frierson, P. (2008) “Empirical Psychology, Common Sense, and Kant’s Empirical Markers for Moral Responsibility,” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 39(4): 473–82.
Frierson, P. (2009a) “Kant on Mental Disorder 1: An Overview,” History of Psychiatry 20: 267–89.
Frierson, P. (2009b) “Kant on Mental Disorder 2: Philosophical Implications of Kant’s Account,” History of Psychiatry 20: 290–310.
Frierson, P. (2010a) “Two Standpoints and the Problem of Moral Anthropology,” in B. Libscomb and J. Krueger (eds.), Kant’s Moral Metaphysics, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, pp. 83–110.
Frierson, P. (2010b) “Review of Richard McCarty, Kant’s Theory of Action,” Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, at http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/24389/ (last accessed April 18, 2014).
Frierson, P. (2010c) “Kantian Moral Pessimism,” in S. Anderson-Gold and P. Muchnik (eds.), Kant’s Anatomy of Evil, Cambridge University Press, pp. 33–56.
Frierson, P. (2013) Kant’s Questions: What is the Human Being? Abingdon: Routledge.
Fuhr, T. (2000) “The Missing Voice of the Student: Kant’s Monologue on Morality,” Philosophy of Education Yearbook 2000: 103–5.
Ginsborg, H. (1990) The Role of Taste in Kant’s Theory of Cognition. New York: Garland Publishing Company.
Ginsborg, H. (2001) “Kant on Understanding Organisms as Natural Purposes,” in E. Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences, New York: Oxford University Press.
Ginsborg, H. (2004) “Two Kinds of Mechanical Inexplicability in Kant and Aristotle,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 42: 33–65.
Ginsborg, H. (2006) “Kant’s Biological Teleology and its Philosophical Significance,” in G. Bird (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Kant, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 455–70.
Gouax, C. (1972) “Kant’s View on the Nature of Empirical Psychology,” Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences 8: 237–42.
Greene, J. D. (2007) “The Secret Joke of Kant’s Soul,” in W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology, vol. iii, The Neuroscience of Morality: Emotion, Disease, and Development, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 35–79.
Grenberg, J. (1999) “Anthropology from a Metaphysical Point of View,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 37: 92–116.
Grenberg, J. (2001) “Feeling, Desire, and Interest in Kant’s Theory of Action,” Kant-Studien 92: 153–79.
Grenberg, J. (2013) Kant’s Defense of Common Moral Experience: A Phenomenological Account, Cambridge University Press.
Grier, M. (2001) Kant’s Doctrine of Transcendental Illusion, Cambridge University Press.
Guevara, D. (2000) Kant’s Theory of Moral Motivation, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Guevara, D. (2009) “The Will as Practical Reason and the Problem of Akrasia,” Review of Metaphysics 62: 525–50.
Guyer, P. (1979) Kant and the Claims of Taste, Cambridge University Press.
Guyer, P. (1993) Kant and the Experience of Freedom: Essays in Aesthetics and Morality, Cambridge University Press.
Guyer, P. (1998) “The Value of Reason and the Value of Freedom,” Ethics 109: 22–35.
Guyer, P. (2000) Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness, Cambridge University Press.
Guyer, P. (2005) “Proving Ourselves Free,” presented at the 10th International Kant Congress, São Paulo, Brazil.
Guyer, P. (2012) “Examples of Moral Possibility,” in K. Roth and C. Suprenant (eds.), Kant and Education, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 124–38.
Guyer, P. (ed.), (1992) The Cambridge Companion to Kant, Cambridge University Press.
Harman, G. (2000) Explaining Value and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hatfield, G. (1990) The Natural and the Normative, University of Notre Dame Press.
Hatfield, G. (1992) “Empirical, Rational, and Transcendental Psychology,” in P. Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant, Cambridge University Press, pp. 200–27.
Henrich, D. (1957/58) “Hutcheson und Kant,” Kant-Studien 49: 49–69.
Henrich, D. (1992) Aesthetic Judgment and the Moral Image of the World, Stanford University Press.
Henrich, D. (1994) The Unity of Reason: Essays on Kant’s Philosophy, ed. R. Velkley, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Herman, B. (1993) The Practice of Moral Judgment, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Herman, B. (2007) Moral Literacy, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Herrerra, L. (2000) “Kant on the Moral Triebfeder,” Kant-Studien 91: 395–410.
Hilgard, E. (1980) “The Trilogy of Mind: Cognition, Affection, and Conation,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 1980: 107–17.
Hill, T. (2008) “Kant on Weakness of Will,” in T. Hoffman (ed.), Weakness of Will from Plato to the Present, Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, pp. 210–30.
Hinchman, E. (2009) “Receptivity and the Will,” Noûs 43(3): 395–427.
Hobbes, T. (1660) The Leviathan, available at http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/hobbes/leviathan-contents.html (last accessed April 18, 2014).
Holton, R. (1999) “Intention and Weakness of Will,” Journal of Philosophy 96: 241–62.
Hudson, H. (1994) Kant’s Compatibilism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Hume, D. (1740) A Treatise of Human Nature, 2nd Oxford edn., ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge and P. H. Nidditch, New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Jacobs, B. (2003) “Kantian Character and the Problem of a Science of Humanity,” in B. Jacobs and P. Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant’s Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 105–34.
Kain, P. (2003) “Prudential Reason in Kant’s Anthropology,” in B. Jacobs and P. Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant’s Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 230–65.
Kain, P. (2009) “Kant’s Defense of Human Moral Status,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 47: 59–102.
Kain, P. (in press) “The Development of Kant’s Conception of Divine Freedom,” in B. Look (ed.), Leibniz and Kant, Oxford University Press.
Kitcher, P. (1993) Kant’s Transcendental Psychology, Oxford University Press.
Klein, C. (2011) “The Dual Track Theory of Moral Decision-Making: A Critique of the Neuroimaging Evidence,” Neuroethics 4: 143–62.
Kleingeld, P. (2012) Kant and Cosmopolitanism, Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. (1996a) Creating the Kingdom of Ends, Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. (1996b) The Sources of Normativity, Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. (2004) Fellow Creatures: Kantian Ethics and our Duties to Animals, Tanner Lectures, available at www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~korsgaar/CMK.FellowCreatures.pdf (last accessed April 18, 2014).
Korsgaard, C. (2009) Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity, Oxford University Press.
Kuehn, M. (1987) Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768–1800, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Kuehn, M. (2001) Kant: A Biography, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Larrimore, M. (2001) “Substitutes for Wisdom: Kant’s Practical Thought and the Tradition of the Temperaments,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 39: 259–88.
Longuenesse, B. (1997) Kant and the Capacity to Judge, Princeton University Press.
Longuenesse, B. (2005) Kant on the Human Standpoint, Cambridge University Press.
Louden, R. (2000) Kant’s Impure Ethics, Oxford University Press.
McCarty, R. (1993) “Kantian Moral Motivation and the Feeling of Respect,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 31: 421–35.
McCarty, R. (1994) “Motivation and Moral Choice in Kant’s Theory of Rational Agency,” Kant-Studien 85: 15–31.
McCarty, R. (2009) Kant’s Theory of Action, Oxford University Press.
McDonough, R. (1995) “Kant’s Argument against the Possibility of Cognitive Science,” in H. Robinson (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress, Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, pp. 37–45.
McIntyre, A. (2006) “What is Wrong with Weakness of Will?Journal of Philosophy 103: 284–311.
McLaughlin, P. (1990) Kant’s Critique of Teleology in Biological Explanation, Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.
Mele, A. (2010) “Weakness of Will and Akrasia,” Philosophical Studies 150: 391–404.
Mischel, T. (1967) “Kant and the Possibility of a Science of Psychology,” The Monist 51: 599–622.
Moran, K. (2012) Community and Progress in Kant’s Moral Philosophy, Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Morrisson, I. (2004) “Respect in Kant: How the Moral Feeling of Respect Acts As an Incentive to Moral Action,” Southwest Philosophy Review 20: 1–26.
Morrisson, I. (2005) On Kantian Maxims: A Reconciliation of the Incorporation Thesis and Weakness of the Will,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 22: 73–89.
Morrisson, I. (2008) Kant and the Role of Pleasure in Moral Action, Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.
Munzel, G. F. (1999) Kant’s Conception of Moral Character: The “Critical” Link of Morality, Anthropology, and Reflective Judgment, University of Chicago Press.
Munzel, G. F. (2012) Kant’s Conception of Pedagogy: Toward Education for Freedom, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Nauckhoff, J. (2003) “Incentives and Interests in Kant’s Moral Psychology,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 20: 41–60.
Nayak, A. C. and Sotnak, E. (1995) “Kant on the Impossibility of the ‘Soft Sciences’,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55: 133–51.
Nelkin, D. (2000) “Two Standpoints and the Belief in Freedom,” Journal of Philosophy 157: 564–76.
O’Neill, O. (1989) Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant’s Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press.
Paton, H. J. (1947) The Categorical Imperative: A Study in Kant’s Moral Philosophy, London: Hutchinson and Co.
Pereboom, D. (2001) Living without Free Will, Cambridge University Press.
Pereboom, D. (2006) “Kant on Transcendental Freedom,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73: 537–67.
Pozzo, R. (2005) “Prejudices and Horizons: G. F. Meier’s Vernunftlehre and Its Relation to Kant,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 43: 185–202.
Prauss, G. (1983) Kant über Freiheit als Autonomie, Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klosterman.
Reath, A. (1989) “Kant’s Theory of Moral Sensibility: Respect for the Moral Law and the Influence of Inclination,” Kant-Studien 80: 284–302.
Reath, A. (2006) Agency and Autonomy in Kant’s Moral Theory, Oxford University Press.
Ross, A. (2009) “What is the ‘Force’ of Moral Law in Kant’s Practical Philosophy?Parallax 15: 27–40.
Rumsey, J. (1989) “The Development of Character in Kantian Moral Theory,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 27: 247–65.
Russell, B. (1912) The Problems of Philosophy, London: Oxford University Press, repr. New York: Prometheus Books, 1998.
Sartre, J.-P. (1956) Being and Nothingness, trans. H. Barnes, New York: Simon & Schuster.
Sassen, B. (2000) Kant’s Early Critics, Cambridge University Press.
Schneewind, J. B. (1998) The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy, Cambridge University Press.
Shell, S. M. (1996) The Embodiment of Reason, University of Chicago Press.
Shell, S. M. (2003) “Kant’s ‘True Economy of Human Nature’: Rousseau, Count Verri, and the Problem of Happiness,” in B. Jacobs and P. Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant’s Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 194–229.
Singleton, J. (2007) “Kant’s Account of Respect: A Bridge between Rationality and Anthropology,” Kantian Review 12: 40–60.
Sloan, P. (2002) “Preforming the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and the Biological Roots of Kant’s A Priori,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 40: 229–53.
Sorenson, K. (2002) “Kant’s Taxonomy of the Emotions,” Kantian Review 6: 109–28.
Strawson, P. (1966) The Bounds of Sense, London: Methuen.
Stroud, S. (2009) “Weakness of Will,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, available at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/weakness-will/ (last accessed April 18, 2014).
Sturm, T. (2001) “Kant on Empirical Psychology: How Not to Investigate the Human Mind,” in E. Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences, Oxford University Press, pp. 163–84.
Sturm, T. (2009) Kant und die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Münster: Mentis Verlag.
Teo, T. (2005) The Critique of Psychology: From Kant to Postcolonial Theory, New York: Springer.
van Cleve, J. (1999) Problems from Kant, Oxford University Press.
Watkins, E. (2005) Kant and the Metaphysics of Causality, Cambridge University Press.
Waxman, W. (1991) Kant’s Model of the Mind: A New Interpretation of Transcendental Idealism, Oxford University Press.
Westphal, K. (1995) “Kant’s Critique of Determinism in Empirical Psychology,” in H. Robinson (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress, Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, pp. 357–70.
Westphal, K. (2005) Kant’s Transcendental Realism, Oxford University Press.
Wilson, H. (2006) Kant’s Pragmatic Anthropology: Its Origin, Meaning, and Critical Significance, Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Wolff, C. (1719) Vernünftige Gedanken von Gott, der Welt und der Seele des Menschen, auch allen Dingen überhaupt (Rational Thoughts on God, the World and the Soul of Man, and on All Things Whatsoever), Halle.
Wolff, C. (1732) Psychologia empirica methodo scientifica pertractata, qua ea quae de anima humana indubia experientiae fide constant, continentur… (Empirical Psychology), Frankfurt and Leipzig.
Wood, A. (1984) “Kant’s Compatibilism,” in A. Wood (ed.), Self and Nature in Kant’s Philosophy, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, pp. 73–101.
Wood, A. (1991) “Unsociable Sociability: The Anthropological Basis of Kantian Ethics,” Philosophical Topics, 19: 325–51.
Wood, A. (1999) Kant’s Ethical Thought, Cambridge University Press.
Wood, A. (2003) “Kant and the Problem of Human Nature,” in B. Jacobs and P. Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant’s Anthropology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 38–59.
Young, J. M. (1992) “Translator’s Introduction,” in I. Kant, Lectures on Logic, trans. and ed. J. M. Young, Cambridge University Press, pp. xv–xxxii.
Zammitto, J. (2002) Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology, University of Chicago Press.
Zuckert, R. (2002) “A New Look at Kant’s Theory of Pleasure,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60: 239–52.
Zuckert, R. (2007) Kant on Beauty and Biology: An Interpretation of the “Critique of Judgment,” Cambridge University Press.
Zuckert, R. (2010) “Kant’s Account of Practical Fanaticism,” in B. Lipscomb and J. Krueger (eds.), Kant’s Moral Metaphysics, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, pp. 291–317.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.