Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Herder on Humanity and Cultural Difference
  • Cited by 26
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Herder is often criticized for having embraced cultural relativism, but there has been little philosophical discussion of what he actually wrote about the nature of the human species and its differentiation through culture. This book focuses on Herder's idea of culture, seeking to situate his social and political theses within the context of his anthropology, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, theory of language and philosophy of history. It argues for a view of Herder as a qualified relativist, who combined the conception of a common human nature with a belief in the importance of culture in developing and shaping that nature. Especially highlighted are Herder's understanding of the relativity of virtue and happiness, and his belief in the impossibility of constructing a single best society. The book will appeal to a wide range of readers interested both in Herder and in Enlightenment culture more generally.

Reviews

'Sikka’s book is well-written, comprehensive, and makes a strong argument for its overall thesis, one that should be taken seriously by any student of Herder’s philosophy. It has important things to say to those approaching Herder with an eye to his historical, literary, political, and anthropological contributions as well … This text is to be recommended to any Herder scholar, whatever their area of specialization.'

Source: Philosophy in Review

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Bibliography
Primary sources: Johann Gottfried Herder
German editions
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1985–) Werke in zehn Bänden. Frankfurt: Deutsche Klassiker Verlag.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1977) Briefe: Gesamtausgabe, ed. Dobbek, Wilhelm and Arnold, Günter, 14 vols. Weimar: Herman Böhlau.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1893) Herders Sämtliche Werke, ed. Suphan, Bernhard, 33 vols. Berlin: Weidmann.
English translations
Herder, Johann Gottfried (2006) Selected Writings on Aesthetics, trans. and ed. Moore, Gregory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (2004) Another Philosophy of History and Selected Political Writings, trans. Evrigenis, Ioannis D. and Pellerin, Daniel. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (2002a) Herder: Philosophical Writings, trans. and ed. Forster, Michael. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (2002b) Sculpture: Some Observations on Shape and Form from Pygmalion's Creative Dream, trans. Gaiger, Jason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1940) God: Some Conversations, trans. Burkhardt, Frederick. New York: Veritas Press.
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1800) Outlines of a Philosophy of the History of Man, trans. Churchill, T.. New York: Bergman Publishers.
Primary sources: other authors
Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich (1973) The Anthropological Treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, trans. Bendyshe, Thomas. Boston: Milford House. Reprint of 1865 edn published by Longman, Longman, Roberts and Green, London.
Bougainville, Louis (1967) A Voyage Around the World, trans. Forster, Johann Reinhold. New York: Da Capo Press. Reprint of 1772 edn.
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc, comte (1853) Œuvres complètes de Buffon avec la nomenclature linnéenne et la classification de Cuvier, annotated by Flourens, M., 9 vols. Paris: Garnier frères.
Condillac, Étienne Bonnot (1924) Essai sur l'origine des connaissances humaines. Paris: Librairie Armand Colin. First published in 1746.
Fichte, Johann Gottlob (1987) The Vocation of Man, trans. Preuss, Peter. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett. First published in 1800 as Die Bestimmung des Menschen.
Forster, Georg (1958–) Georg Forsters Werke: Sämtliche Schriften, Tagebücher, Briefe, 18 vols. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
Forster, Johann Reinhold (1981) Beobachtungen während der Cookschen Weltumsegelung 1772–1775: Gedanken eines deutschen Teilnehmers. Reprint of the 1783 edition, Bemerkungen über Gegenstände der physischen Erdbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und sittlichen Philosophie auf einer Reise um die Welt gesammelt, trans. Georg Forster. Stuttgart: Brockhaus Antiquarium.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1887–) Werke, ed. Sachsen, Sophie, 133 vols. Weimar: Böhlau.
Hegel, Georg W. F. (1991) The Philosophy of History, trans. Sibree, J.. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus.
Heidegger, Martin (2002) The Essence of Human Freedom, trans. Sadler, Ted. London: Continuum.
Heidegger, Martin (1999) Vom Wesen der Sprache: Die Metaphysik der Sprache und die Wesung des Wortes zu Herders Abhandlung “Über den Ursprung der Sprache”. In Gesamtausgabe, vol. 85. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
Heidegger, Martin (1998) Pathmarks, ed. McNeill, William. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heidegger, Martin (1971a) Poetry, Language, Thought, trans. Hofstadter, Albert. New York: Harper and Row.
Heidegger, Martin (1971b) On the Way to Language, trans. Peter D. Hertz. New York: Harper and Row.
Heidegger, Martin (1968a) On the Essence of Truth, trans. Hull, R. F. C. and Crick, Alan. In Existence and Being. London: Vision Press, 317–52.
Heidegger, Martin (1968b) What is Called Thinking?, trans. Glenn Gray, J.. New York: Harper and Row.
Heidegger, Martin (1962) Being and Time, trans. Macquarrie, John and Robinson, Edward. New York: Harper and Row. Original German edn first published in 1927.
Heidegger, Martin (1959) Introduction to Metaphysics, trans. Manheim, Ralph. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (2001) “On the Use of Teleological Principles in Philosophy,” trans. Jon Mark Mikkelson. In Bernasconi (2001, 37–56).
Kant, Immanuel (2000) Critique of the Power of Judgement, trans. Guyer, Paul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (1997a) Critique of Practical Reason, trans. Gregor, Mary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (1997b) Groundwork of a Metaphysic of Morals, trans. Gregor, Mary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (1996) The Metaphysic of Morals, trans. Gregor, Mary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (1983) Perpetual Peace and other Essays, trans. Humphrey, Ted. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Kant, Immanuel (1978) Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, trans. Dowdell, Victor Lyle. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (1960) Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone, trans. Greene, Theodore M. and Hudson, Hoyt H.. New York: Harper and Row.
Kant, Immanuel (1902–) Werke, 25 vols. Akademie Ausgabe. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Lamarck, J. B.-P.-A. (1960) Reprint of Philosophie Zoologique (1809). Weinheim: H. R. Engelmann.
Linné, Carl (1956) Systema Naturae. London: British Museum. Photographic facsimile of the first volume of the tenth edition (1758).
Macintosh, William (1785) Des Herrn Mackintosh's Reisen durch Europa, Asia und Africa, aus dem Englischen übersetzt (by A Wichmann, C. A.), 2 vols. Leipzig: Friedrich Gotthold Jacobäer.
Macintosh, William (1782) Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa. London: J. Murray.
Mailla, Joseph-Anne-Marie de Moyriac (trans.) (1777) Histoire générale de la Chine, vol. 1. Paris: Ph. D. Pierres.
Mailla, Joseph-Anne-Marie de Moyriac (17761814) Mémoires concernant les Chinois par les missionaires de Pékin, 17 vols. Paris: Nyon.
Montesquieu, , Charles de Secondat, baron de (2004) Persian Letters, trans. Betts, C. J.. London: Penguin.
Nietzsche, Friedrich (1979) Philosophy and Truth: Selections from Nietzsche's Notebooks of the Early 1870s, ed. and trans. Breazale, Daniel. Atlantic Highland, NJ: Humanities Press.
Nietzsche, Friedrich (1969) On the Genealogy of Morals, trans. Kaufmann, Walter and Hollingdale, R. J.. New York: Vintage Books.
Nietzsche, Friedrich (1967) The Birth of Tragedy and the Case of Wagner, trans. Kaufmann, Walter. New York: Vintage Books.
Pauw, Cornelius (1773) Recherches philosophiques sur les Égyptiens et les Chinois, 2 vols. Berlin: C. J. Decker.
Schiller, Friedrich (1966) “On Grace and Dignity” (“Über Anmut und Würde”). In Werke in drei Bänden, ed. Göpfert, Herbert G.. Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag, vol. 3, 561–610.
Shakespeare, William (1997) The Norton Shakespeare, ed. Greenblatt, Stephenet al. New York: W.W. Norton.
Soemmerring, Samuel Thomas (1990) Über die körperliche Verschiedenheit des Negers vom Europäer. In Werke, ed. Mann, Günter and Kümmel, Werner Friedrich, vol. 15. Stuttgart: Gustav Fisher Verlag.
Sonnerat, Pierre (1783) Des Herrn Sonnerat Reise nach Ostindien, und China, in den Jahren 1774 bis 1781 (Aus dem Französischen). Leipzig: Wilhelm Gottlob Sommer.
Voltaire, (1963) Essai sur les mœurs. Paris: Éditions Garnier Frères. First complete edn published 1754.
Voltaire, (1965) The Philosophy of History, reprint of original edn of 1766. New York: Philosophical Library.
Commentaries on Herder and other primary authors
Aarsleff, Hans (1982) From Locke to Saussure: Essays on the Study of Language and Intellectual History. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Adler, Hans and Koepke, Wulf (2009) A Companion to the Works of Johann Gottfried Herder. New York: Camden House.
Allison, Henry E. (1990) Kant's Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Annas, Julia (1993) The Morality of Happiness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Barnard, F. M. (2003) Herder on Nationality, Humanity, and History. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Barnard, F. M. (1965) Herder's Social and Political Thought: From Enlightenment to Nationalism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Barnard, F. M. (1959) “The Hebrews and Herder's Political Creed,” Modern Language Review, 54, 533–46.
Barnouw, Dagmar (1993) “Eräugnis: Georg Forster on the Difficulties of Diversity.” In Impure Reason: Dialectic of Enlightenment in Germany, ed. Daniel Wilson, W. and Holub, Robert C.. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 322–43.
Becker, Bernhard (1987) Herder-Rezeption in Deutschland. St. Ingbert: Werner J. Röhrig Verlag.
Beiser, Frederick (2005) Hegel. New York: Routledge.
Beiser, Frederick (1992) Enlightenment, Revolution and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Berger, Friedrich (1933) “Herder und die Gegenwart,” Württembergische Schulwarte, 9/12, 601–31.
Berlin, Isaiah (2000) “Vico and Herder.” In Three Critics of the Enlightenment: Vico, Hamann, Herder, ed. Hardy, Henry. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp. 1–242.
Berlin, Isaiah (1991a) The Crooked Timber of Humanity: Chapters in the History of Ideas, ed. Hardy, Henry. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Berlin, Isaiah (1991b) “Alleged Relativism in Eighteenth-Century European Thought.” In Berlin (1991a, 70–90).
Berlin, Isaiah (1991c) “Joseph de Maistre and the Origins of Fascism.” In Berlin (1991a, 99–100).
Bernasconi, Robert (2002) “Kant as an Unfamiliar Source of Racism.” In Philosophers on Race: Critical Essays, ed. Ward, Julie K. and Lott, Tommy L.. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Pp. 145–59.
Bernasconi, Robert (2001) “Who Invented the Concept of Race? Kant's Role in the Enlightenment Construction of Race.” In Race, ed. Bernasconi, Robert. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Pp. 11–36.
Bernasconi, Robert (1995) “‘Ich mag in keinen Himmel, wo Weisse sind’: Herder's critique of Eurocentrism,” Acta Institutionis Philosophiae et Aestheticae, 13, 69–82.
Bollacher, Martin (ed.) (1994) Johann Gottfried Herder: Geschichte und Kultur. Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann.
Brummack, Jürgen (1989) “Herders Polemik gegen die Aufklärung.” In Schmidt (1989, 277–93).
Chase, Bob (1997) “John Locke and Cultural Relativism,” Interpretation, 25, 59–90.
Clark, Maudemarie (1990) Nietzsche on Truth and Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, Robert T. (1955) Herder: His Life and Thought. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Craig, Gordon A. (1990) “Herder: The Legacy.” In Mueller-Vollmer (1990a, 17–30).
Ouden, Bernard D. (1975) Language and Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Essay on Chomskyan Humanism. Lisse: Peter de Ridder Press.
Droixhe, Daniel and Grell, Chantal (1993) La Linguistique entre mythe et histoire: actes des journées d'études organisées les 4 et 5 juin 1991 à la Sorbonne en l'honneur de Hans Aarsleff. Münster: Nodus Publikationen.
Eggel, Dominic, Liebich, Andre, and Mancini-Griffoli, Deborah (2007) “Was Herder a Nationalist?Review of Politics, 69, 48–78.
Engstrom, Stephen and Whiting, Jennifer (eds.) (1996) Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ergang, Robert (1931) Herder and the Foundations of German Nationalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Fink, Gonthier-Louis (1987) “Von Winckelmann bis Herder. Die deutsche Klimatheorie in europäischer Perspektive.” In Sauder (1987, 156–76).
Formigari, Lia (1993) “The Mind–Body Problem in Herder's Theory of Language.” In Droixhe and Grell (1993, 159–74).
Förster, Wolfgang (1986) “Johann Gottfried Herder: Weltgeschichte und Humanität.” In Aufklärung und Geschichte: Studien zur deutschen Geschichtswissenschaft im 18. Jahrhundert, ed. Bödeker, Hans Erich, Iggers, Georg G., Knudsen, Jonathan B. and Reill, Peter H.. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 363–87.
Forster, Michael N. (2002) “Herder's Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles,” Review of Metaphysics, 56, 323–56.
Fox, Russell Arben (2003) “J. G. Herder on Language and the Metaphysics of National Community,” Review of Politics, 65, 237–62.
Gaier, Ulrich (1989) “Gegenaufklärung im Namen des Logos: Hamann und Herder.” In Schmidt (1989, 261–76).
Gaier, Ulrich (1988) Herders Sprachphilosophie und Erkenntniskritik. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog.
Gardiner, Patrick (1981) “German Philosophy and the Rise of Relativism,” Monist, 64, 138–54.
Goebel, Rolf S. (1995) “China as Embalmed Mummy: Herder's Orientalist Politics,” South Atlantic Review, 60, 111–29.
Grossman, Jeffrey (1994) “Herder and the Language of Diaspora Jewry,” Monatshefte, 86/1, 59–79.
Grundmann, Johannes (1900) Die geographischen und völkerkundlichen Quellen und Anschauungen in Herders “Ideen zur Geschichte der Menschheit”. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung.
Guyer, Paul (2000) Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Haucke, Kai (2002) “Moralische Pflicht und die Frage nach dem gelingenden Leben. Überlegungen zu Kants Glücksbegriff,” Kant-Studien, 93, 177–99.
Haym, Rudolf (1954) Herder. Nach seinem Leben und seinem Werken dargestellt. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag. Reprint of edn first published 1880.
Heinz, Marion (1996) “Kulturtheorien der Aufklärung: Herder und Kant.” In Otto (1996, 139–52).
Heinz, Marion (1994) Sensualistischer Idealismus: Untersuchung zur Erkenntnistheorie und Metaphysik des jungen Herders (1763–1778). Hamburg: Meiner.
Hinman, Lawrence M. (1983) “On the Purity of Our Moral Motives: A Critique of Kant's Account of the Emotions and Acting for the Sake of Duty,” Monist, 66, 251–67.
Homann, Harald and Albrecht, Clemens (1993) “Die europäische Bedeutung des Herderschen Kulturbegriffs.” In Die Europaidee im deutschen Idealismus und in der deutschen Romantik, ed. Homburg, Forum für Philosophie Bad. Bad Homburg: Forum für Philosophie Bad Homburg, 76–95.
Hsia, Adrian (1998) Chinesia: The European Construction of China in the Literature of the 17th and 18th Centuries. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Irmscher, Hans Dietrich (1994) “Nationalität und Humanität im Denken Herders,” Orbis Litterarum, 49, 189–215.
Irmscher, Hans Dietrich (1991) “Herders Verständnis von ‘Humanität.’” In Herder, J. G., Briefe zu Beförderung der Humanität. FW 7, 817–40.
Jacobs, Jürgen (1994) “‘Universalgeschichte der Bildung der Welt.’ Die Problematik des Historismus beim frühen Herder.” In Bollacher (1994, 61–74).
Jäger, Hans-Wolf (1986) “Herder als Leser von Reiseliteratur.” In Reisen im 18. Jahrhundert: Neue Untersuchungen, ed. Griep, Wolfgang and Jäger, Hans-Wolf. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 181–99.
Johnson, Thomas H. (2007) “Cultural Relativism: Interpretations of a Concept,” Anthropological Quarterly, 80, 791–802.
Kleingeld, Pauline (2007) “Kant's Second Thoughts on Race,” Philosophical Quarterly, 57, 574–92.
Koepke, Wulf (1996) “Kulturnation and its Authorization through Herder.” In Johann Gottfried Herder: Academic Disciplines and the Pursuit of Knowledge, ed. Koepke, Wulf. Columbia, SC: Camden House. Pp. 177–98.
Koepke, Wulf (1990) Johann Gottfried Herder: Language, History, and the Enlightenment, ed. Koepke, Wulf. Columbia, SC: Camden House.
Koepke, Wulf (1987a) “Das Wort ‘Volk’ im Sprachgebrauch Johann Gottfried Herders,” Lessing Yearbook, 19, 207–19.
Koepke, Wulf (1987b) Johann Gottfried Herder. Boston: Twayne Publishers.
Korsgaard, C. M. (1996a) Creating the Kingdom of Ends. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. M. (1996b) “From Duty and for the Sake of the Noble: Kant and Aristotle on Morally Good Action.” In Engstrom and Whiting (1996, 203–36).
Kovacs, George (2001) “Heidegger in Dialogue with Herder: Crossing the Language of Metaphysics toward Be-ing-historical Language,” Heidegger Studies, 17, 45–63.
Langton, Rae (1992) “Duty and Desolation,” Philosophy, 67, 481–505.
Larrimore, Mark (1999) “Sublime Waste: Kant on the Destiny of the Races.” In Civilisation and Oppression, ed. Wilson, Catherine. Calgary, Alberta: University of Calgary Press. Pp. 99–125.
Lee, Eun-Jung (2003) Anti-Europa. Münster: Lit.
Litt, Theodor (1930) Kant und Herder als Deuter der geistigen Welt. Leipzig: Verlag Quelle und Meyer.
Menges, Karl (1998) “‘Sinn’ and ‘Besonnenheit’: The Meaning of ‘Meaning’ in Herder,” Herder Yearbook, 4, 157–75.
Menges, Karl (1996) “Herders Bekehrung der Juden: Ein Beitrag zu veielen Beträgen in der Geschichte der Emanzipation.” In Otto (1996, 459–70).
Menze, Ernest A. (1994) “Herder's ‘German Kind of “Humanity”’ and the Jewish Question: Historical Context and Contemporary Criticism.” In Bollacher (1994, 213–28).
Moravia, Sergio (1989) Beobachtende Vernunft: Philosophie und Anthropologie in der Aufklärung. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
Morton, Michael (1993) The Critical Turn: Studies in Kant, Herder, Wittgenstein, and Contemporary Theory. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.
Morton, Michael (1990) “Changing the Subject: Herder and the Reorientation of Philosophy.” In Müller-Vollmer (1990, 158–72).
Morton, Michael (1989) Herder and the Poetics of Thought: Unity and Diversity in On Diligence in Several Learned Languages. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt (ed.) (1990a) Herder Today: Contributions from the International Herder Conference. New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt (1990b) “From Sign to Signification: The Herder-Humboldt Controversy.” In Koepke (1990, 9–25).
Munzel, G. Felicitas (1999) Kant's Conception of Moral Character: The “Critical” Link of Morality, Anthropology, and Reflective Judgement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Murphy, James Bernard (2001) “Practical Reason and Moral Psychology in Aristotle and Kant,” Social Philosophy and Policy, 18, 257–99.
Nisbet, H. B. (1992) “Herders anthropologische Anschauungen in den ‘Ideas zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit’.” In Anthropologie und Literatur um 1800, ed. Barkhoff, Jürgen and Sagarra, Eda. Munich: Iudicium Verlag. Pp. 1–23.
Nisbet, H. B. (1970) Herder and the Philosophy and History of Science. Cambridge: Modern Humanities Research Association.
Nisbet, H. B. (1967) “Herder and Francis Bacon,” Modern Language Review, 62, 267–83.
Norton, Robert E. (1993) “Herder und kein Ende: Hans Aarsleff and the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy of Language.” In La Linguistique entre mythe et histoire: actes des journées d'étude organisées les 4 et 5 juin 1991 à la Sorbonne en l'honneur de Hans Aarsleff, ed. Droixhe, Daniel and Grell, Chantal. Münster: Nodus Publikationen. Pp. 175–86.
Norton, Robert E. (1991) Herder's Aesthetics and the European Enlightenment. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Otto, Regine (ed.) (1996). Nationen und Kulturen. Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann.
Paton, H. J. (1958) The Categorical Imperative, A Study in Kant's Moral Philosophy, 3rd edn. London: Hutchinson.
Pätzold, Detlev (2006) “J. G. Herder's Romanticized Reading of Spinoza's Physico-Theology.” In The Book of Nature in Early Modern and Modern History, ed. Berkel, Klaas and Vanderjagt, Aarjo. Leuven: Peeters, 155–80.
Pippin, Robert B. (2000) “Kant's Theory of Value: On Allen Wood's Kant's Ethical Thought,” Inquiry, 43, 239–66.
Reath, Andrews (1989) “Hedonism, Heteronomy and Kant's Principle of Happiness,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 70, 42–72.
Reath, Andrews (2003) “Value and Law in Kant's Moral Theory,” Ethics, 114, 127–55.
Rose, Paul Lawrence (1990) Revolutionary Antisemitism in Germany: From Kant to Wagner. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rouché, Max (1940) La Philosophie de l'histoire de Herder. Paris: Société d'édition, Les Belles Lettres.
Rouché, Max (1943) Introduction to: J. G. Herder, Une autre philosophie de l'histoire, bilingual edition, trans. Rouché, Max. Paris: Aubier, Éditions Montaigne.
Sadji, Uta (1979) Der Negermythos am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland: Eine Analyse der Rezeption von Reiseliteratur über Schwarzafrika. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
Sauder, Gerhard (ed.) (1987) Johann Gottfried Herder. Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag.
Schmidt, Jochen (ed.) (1989) Aufklärung und Gegenaufklärung. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Schneider, Jost (ed.) (1994) Herder im “Dritten Reich.” Bielefeld: Aisthesis Verlag.
Sedgewick, Sally (1997) “Can Kant's Ethics Survive the Feminist Critique?” In Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant, ed. Schott, Robin May. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. Pp. 77–100.
Seebohm, Thomas M. (1972) “Der systematische Ort der Herderschen Metakritik,” Kant-Studien, 63, 59–73.
Shell, Susan Meld (2003) “Kant's ‘True Economy of Human Nature’: Rousseau, Count Verri, and the Problem of Happiness.” In Essays on Kant's Anthropology, ed. Jacobs, Brian and Kain, Patrick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 194–229.
Shell, Susan Meld. (1996) The Embodiment of Reason: Kant on Spirit, Generation, and Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sikka, Sonia (2006) “Kantian Ethics in Being and Time,” Journal of Philosophical Research, 31, 309–34.
Sikka, Sonia (1994) “Heidegger's Concept of Volk,” Philosophical Forum, 26/2, 101–26.
Sloan, Philip (2002) “Pre-forming the Categories: Eighteenth-Century Generation Theory and the Biological Roots of Kant's A Priori,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 40, 229–53.
Spencer, Vicki (2007) “In Defense of Herder on Cultural Diversity and Interaction,” Review of Politics, 69, 79–105.
Spencer, Vicki (1998) “Beyond Either/Or: The Pluralist Alternative in Herder's Thought,” Herder Yearbook, 4, 53–70.
Spencer, Vicki (1996) “Towards an Ontology of Holistic Individualism: Herder's Theory of Identity, Culture and Community,” History of European Ideas, 22, 245–60.
Taylor, Charles (1995) “The Importance of Herder.” In Charles Taylor, Philosophical Arguments. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 79–99.
Taylor, Charles (1992) “Heidegger, Language, and Ecology.” In Heidegger: A Critical Reader, ed. Dreyfus, Hubert L. and Hall, Harrison. Oxford: Blackwell, 247–69.
Taylor, Charles (1985) “Theories of Meaning.” In Human Agency and Language: Philosophical Papers, vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 248–92.
Wiese, Benno (1939a) “Der Gedanke des Volkes in Herders Weltbild,” Die Erziehung, 14, 121–46.
Wiese, Benno (1939b) Herder: Grundzüge seines Weltbildes. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut AG.
Whitton, Brian J. (1988) “Herder's Critique of the Enlightenment: Cultural Community vs. Cosmopolitan Rationalism,” History and Theory, 27, 146–68.
Wikes, Victoria (1994) Kant on Happiness in Ethics. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Wilson, Catherine (1998) “Savagery and the Supersensible: Kant's Universalism in Historical Context,” History of European Ideas, 24, 315–30.
Wood, Allen W. (1999) Kant's Ethical Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Zammito, John H. (2002) Kant, Herder and the Birth of Anthropology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Zeuch, Ulrike (1998) “Sentio, Ergo Sum,” Herder Yearbook, 4, 143–55.
Other works cited
Alcoff, Linda (2006) Visible Identities: Race, Gender, and the Self. New York: Oxford University Press.
Anderson, Benedict (1991) Imagined Communities, rev. edn. New York: Verso.
Appiah, Anthony (2005) The Ethics of Identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Baghramian, Maria (2004) Relativism. New York: Routledge.
Banse, Ewald (1935) “Wirkt die Landschaft auf die Rasse ein?” Völkischer Beobachter, November 24.
Banse, Ewald (1932) “Über den Zusammenhang von Landschaft und Mensch,” Volk und Rasse, 7, 8–18.
Barry, Brian (2001) Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Benhabib, Seyla (2002) The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bhabha, Homi (1994) The Location of Culture. London: Routledge.
Bhatti, Anil (2005) “Aspekte gesellschaftlicher Diversität und Homogenisierung im postkolonialen Kontext.” In Eigene und andere Fremde. “Postkoloniale” Konflikte im europäischen Kontext, ed. Müller-Funk, Wolfgang and Wagner, Birgit. Vienna: Turia und Kant. Pp. 31–47.
Brake, Jürgen (1939) “Der Ursprung der Rassenlehre im europäischen Denken der Neuzeit,” Internationale Zeitschrift für Erziehung, 8, 256–74.
Cossman, Brenda and Kapur, Ratna (1999) Secularism's Last Sigh? Hindutva and the (Mis)Rule of Law. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Dallmayr, Fred and Devy, G. N. (eds.) (1998) BetweenTradition and Modernity: India's Search for Identity. A Twentieth Century Anthology. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Fischer, Eugen (1934) “Rasse und Kultur,” Völkischer Beobachter, February 24.
Gellner, Ernest (1983) Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Graf, J. (1934) “‘Rasse’ und ‘Volk’ also höhere Lebenseinheiten,” Volk und Rasse, 9, 45–6.
Hall, Stuart (1992) “The Question of Cultural Identity.” In Modernity and Its Futures, ed. Hall, S. and McGrew, T.. Cambridge: Polity Press. Pp. 273–326.
Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2007) Hindu Nationalism: A Reader. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kompridis, Nikolas (2005) “Normativizing Hybridity/Neutralizing Culture,” Political Theory, 33, 318–43.
Lenz, Fritz (1934) “Rassenlehre ist Erblehre,” Völkischer Beobachter, February 20.
Lukes, Steven (1998) “Berlin's Dilemma.” Times Literary Supplement, 27, 8–9.
Mayaram, Shail (1997) Resisting Regimes: Myth, Memory and the Shaping of a Muslim Identity. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Modood, Tariq (2000) “Anti-Essentialism, Multiculturalism, and the ‘Recognition’ of Religious Groups.” In Citizenship in Diverse Societies, ed. Kymlicka, Will and Norman, Wayne. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 175–98.
Murdoch, Iris (1977) The Fire and the Sun: Why Plato Banished the Artists. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nandy, Ashis (1983) The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self Under Colonialism. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Nielsen, Kai (1987) “Cultural Identity and Self-definition,” Human Studies, 10, 383–90.
Nigam, Aditya (2006) The Insurrection of Little Selves: The Crisis of Secular-Nationalism in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Nirula, (2005) Dalits: A Bruised Dignity: The Pure and the Impure. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.
Oxford Hindi–English Dictionary (1993) ed. McGregor, R. S.. Oxford and Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Parekh, Bhikhu (2006) Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory, second edn. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pennington, Brian K. (2005) Was Hinduism Invented? Britons, Indians, and the Colonial Construction of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Perusek, David (2007) “Grounding Cultural Relativism,” Anthropological Quarterly, 80, 821–36.
Rachels, James (1999) The Elements of Moral Philosophy, third edn. New York: McGraw Hill.
Redeker, Martin (1934) Humanität, Volkstum, Christentum in der Erziehung. Berlin: Junker und Dünnhaupt.
Rosenberg, Alfred (1930) Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts. Munich: Hoheneichen.
Rushdie, Salman (1991) Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981–1991. New York: Penguin.
Scheler, Max (1973) Formalism in Ethics and Non-formal Ethics of Values, trans. Frings, Manfred S. and Funk, Roger L.. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Sen, Amartya (2006) Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny. London: Penguin.
Taylor, Charles (1994) “The Politics of Recognition.” In Multiculturalism, ed. Gutman, Amy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 25–74.
Viergutz, R. F. (1933) “‘Rasse’ und ‘Volk,’Volk und Rasse, 8, 89–93.
Weber, Max (1958) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Parsons, Talcott. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
Williams, Bernard (1972) Morality: An Introduction to Ethics. New York: Harper and Row.
Wolin, Richard (2004) The Seduction of Unreason. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wong, David B. (2006) Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.