This book brings together specially commissioned contributions by leading scholars from around the world, who focus on the place of Hebrew scholarship in the Middle Ages. Hebrew language is at the heart of the volume, but beyond that there is a specific focus on scholarly investigation and writing, interpreted in the broad sense to include not only linguistic study pursued for its own sake but also as applied in other areas, such as biblical commentary or poetic creation. At the same time there is a focus on contemporary scholarship. Several of the contributions survey research in major areas. Thirdly, the place of Hebrew scholarship within a wider medieval world is a subject that receives special attention, and particularly the interaction between Jewish scholars and their Christian and Muslim counterparts.