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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: July 2020

Chapter 17 - Infectious Conditions and the Immune System in Elders


The association of aging with an increased susceptibility to and mortality from infection has been observed since ancient times [1]. There are a large number of organ-specific physiological changes associated with aging that increase infection risk, including urogenital changes, weakened cough reflex, endocrinological changes, thinning skin, impaired circulatory function, and sarcopenia, as well as general issues such as malnutrition and increased malignancies

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