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George Eliot in Context
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Book description

Prodigiously learned, alive to the massive social changes of her time, defiant of many Victorian orthodoxies, George Eliot has always challenged her readers. She is at once chronicler and analyst, novelist of nostalgia and monumental thinker. In her great novel Middlemarch she writes of 'that tempting range of relevancies called the universe'. This volume identifies a range of 'relevancies' that inform both her fictional and her non-fictional writings. The range and scale of her achievement are brought into focus by cogent essays on the many contexts - historical, intellectual, political, social, cultural - to her work. In addition there are discussions of her critical history and legacy, as well as of the material conditions of production and distribution of her novels and her journalism. The volume enables fuller understanding and appreciation, from a twenty-first-century standpoint, of the life and work of one of the nineteenth century's major writers.

Reviews

'Sprightly, witty and engaging.'

Source: The Times Literary Supplement

'… this book attempts to make 'George Eliot' less abstract by attesting to some of the 'wider relations' that establish co-ordinates on her life and work. The list of further reading and the detailed index highlight the judicious balance Harris strikes in terms of scholarship and also the criticism evident in this volume. The book is nicely designed and black-and-white illustrations accompany the text, and there is a fine image on the jacket … Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through faculty; general readers.'

W. Baker Source: Choice

'The entire work is a valuable review of what is known and has been said about Eliot.'

Constance M. Fulmer Source: Victorian Periodicals Review

'… this volume features helpful entries not only on George Eliot's life, career and critical fortunes, but also on the building blocks of her cultural and social class …'

Adela Pinch Source: SEL Studies in English Literature 1500–1900

'This determined, clever book offers an edifying reconsideration of Eliot’s life and legacy, and Harris deserves plaudits for her wise, kindhearted approach to her monumental subject.'

Darren J. N. Middleton Source: Religious Studies Review

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Contents


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Further reading

General

Levine, George (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Rignall, John (ed.), Oxford Reader’s Companion to George Eliot (Oxford University Press, 2000).

George Eliot’s life; The biographical tradition

Ashton, Rosemary, G. H. Lewes: A Life (Oxford University Press, 1991).
Ashton, Rosemary, George Eliot: A Life (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1996).
Ashton, Rosemary, 142 Strand: A Radical Address in Victorian London (London: Chatto and Windus, 2006).
Bodenheimer, Rosemarie, The Real Life of Mary Ann Evans: George Eliot Her Letters and Fiction (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994).
Collins, K. K., Identifying the Remains: George Eliot’s Death in the London Religious Press (Victoria, BC: ELS Editions, 2006).
Collins, K. K. (ed.), George Eliot: Interviews and Recollections (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).
Fleishman, Avrom, George Eliot’s Intellectual Life (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Fulmer, Constance M. and Margaret E. Barfield (eds.), A Monument to the Memory of George Eliot: Edith J. Simcox’s ‘Autobiography of a Shirtmaker’ (New York and London: Garland, 1998).
Haight, Gordon S., George Eliot and John Chapman: With Chapman’s Diaries (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; Oxford University Press, 1940).
Haight, Gordon S., George Eliot: A Biography (Oxford: Clarendon, 1968).
Hardy, Barbara, George Eliot: A Critic’s Biography (London: Continuum, 2006).
Henry, Nancy, The Life of George Eliot (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012).
Hughes, Kathryn, George Eliot: The Last Victorian (London: Fourth Estate, 1998).
Maddox, Brenda, George Eliot: Novelist, Lover, Wife (London: Harper, 2009).

Publishers and Publication; Editions of George Eliot’s work

Baker, William and John C. Ross, George Eliot: A Bibliographical History (New Castle, DE and London: Oak Knoll Press and The British Library, 2002).
Huxley, Leonard, The House of Smith Elder (London: Smith, Elder, 1923).
Oliphant, Margaret, Annals of a Publishing House: William Blackwood and His Sons, their Magazine and Friends, 2 vols. (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1897).
Porter, Mrs Gerald, Annals of a Publishing House: John Blackwood (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1898).
Sutherland, J. A., Victorian Novelists and Publishers (London: Athlone Press, 1976).

Genre

Hadjiafxendi, Kyriaki, ‘The Cultural Place of George Eliot’s Poetry’, Special Issue of George Eliot–George Henry Lewes Studies, 60–1 (2011).
Orel, Harold, The Victorian Short Story: Development and Triumph of a Literary Genre (Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Prins, Yopie, ‘Victorian Meters’, in Joseph Bristow (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 89–113.
Sanders, Andrew, The Victorian Historical Novel, 1840–1880 (London: Macmillan, 1978).

Afterlife

Dolin, Tim, George Eliot (Oxford Worlds Classics, Oxford University Press, 2005).
Easley, Alexis, Literary Celebrity, Gender, and Victorian Authorship, 1850–1914 (Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 2011).
Giddings, Robert and Erica Sheen (eds.), The Classic Novel From Page to Screen (Manchester University Press, 2000).
Kucich, John and Diane Sadoff, Victorian Afterlife: Postmodern Culture Rewrites the Nineteenth Century (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000).

Critical Fortunes

Atkinson, Juliette (ed.), Bloom’s Classic Critical Views: George Eliot (New York: Infobase, 2009).
Blake, Kathleen, ‘George Eliot: The Critical Heritage’, in George Levine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 202–25.
Carroll, David (ed.), George Eliot: The Critical Heritage (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971).
Haight, Gordon S. (ed.), A Century of George Eliot Criticism (London: Methuen, 1965).
Holmstrom, John and Lawrence Lerner (eds.), George Eliot and her Readers: A Selection of Contemporary Reviews (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1966).
Hutchinson, Stuart (ed.), George Eliot: Critical Assessments, 4 vols. (Mountfield: Helm, 1996).
Marshall, Gail (ed.), Eliot, Dickens and Tennyson by their Contemporaries, Volume 1: George Eliot (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2003).
Perkin, J. Russell, A Reception-History of George Eliot’s Fiction (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1990).
Wilkes, Joanne, Women Reviewing Women in Nineteenth-Century Britain: The Critical Reception of Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë and George Eliot (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010).

Class

Adams, James Eli, ‘The Boundaries of Social Intercourse: Class in the Victorian Novel’, in Francis O’Gorman (ed.), A Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), 44–70.
Cottom, Daniel, Social Figures: George Eliot, Social History, and Literary Representation (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987).
David, Deirdre, Intellectual Women and Victorian Patriarchy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987).
Eagleton, Terry, Criticism and Ideology: A Study in Marxist Literary Theory (London: Verso, 1978).
Gallagher, Catherine, The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction: Social Discourse and Narrative Form, 1832–1867 (University of Chicago Press, 1985).
Homans, Margaret, ‘Dinah’s Blush and Maggie’s Arm: Class, Gender, and Sexuality in Eliot’s Early Novels’, Victorian Studies, 36 (1993), 155–79.
Langland, Elizabeth, Nobody’s Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995).
Lesjak, Caroline, Working Fictions: A Genealogy of the Victorian Novel (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006).
Williams, Raymond, Culture and Society, 1780–1950 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1958).

Dress

Cunnington, C. Willett, English Women’s Clothing in the Nineteenth-century (London: Faber and Faber, 1938).
Harvey, J., Men in Black (London: Reaktion, 1995).
Hollander, Anne, Seeing Through Clothes (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993).
Hughes, Clair, Dressed in Fiction (Oxford and New York: Berg, 2005).

Education

Beer, Gillian, George Eliot, Key Women Writers (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1986).
Burstyn, Joan N., Victorian Education and the Ideal of Womanhood (London: Croom Helm, 1980).
Ellis, Alec, Educating Our Masters: Influences on the Growth of Literacy in Victorian Working Class Children (Aldershot: Gower, 1985).
Gargano, Elizabeth, Reading Victorian Schoolrooms: Childhood and Education in Nineteenth-Century Fiction (New York and London: Routledge, 2008).
Green, Laura, ‘“At Once Narrow and Promiscuous”: Emily Davies, George Eliot, andMiddlemarch’, Nineteenth Century Studies, 9 (1995), 1–30.
Green, Laura, Educating Women: Cultural Conflict and Victorian Literature (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001).
Hilton, Mary, and Pam Hirsch, Practical Visionaries: Women, Education, and Social Progress, 1790–1930 (Harlow: Longman, 2000).
Lacey, Candida Ann (ed.), Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon and the Langham Place Group (New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1986).
McClure, Laura, ‘On Knowing Greek: George Eliot and the Classical Tradition’, Classical and Modern Literature: A Quarterly, 13:2 (Winter 1993), 139–56.
Paxton, Nancy L., George Eliot and Herbert Spencer: Feminism, Evolutionism, and the Reconstruction of Gender (Princeton University Press, 1991).
Robertson, Linda K., ‘From Reality to Fiction: Benefits and Hazards of Continental Education’, in John Rignall (ed.), George Eliot and Europe (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1997), 156–65.
Robertson, Linda K., The Power of Knowledge: George Eliot and Education (New York: Peter Lang, 1997).

Etiquette

Adonis, Andrew and Stephen Pollard, A Class Act: The Myth of Britain’s Classless Society (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1997).
Czikszentmihalyi, Mihaly and Eugene Rochberg-Halton, The Meaning of Things: Domestic Symbols and the Self (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981).
Davidoff, Leonore, The Best Circles: Society, Etiquette and the Season (London: Croom Helm, 1973).
Ehrenreich, Barbara and Deirdre English, For Her Own Good: 150 Years of the Experts’ Advice to Women (London: Pluto, 1979).
Mintz, Steven, A Prison of Expectations: The Family in Victorian Culture (New York University Press, 1983).
Mitchell, Sally, Daily Life in Victorian England (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996).

Families and Kinship

Beer, Gillian, Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 2nd edn (1983; Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Behlmer, George K., Friends of the Family: The English Home and Its Guardians, 1850–1940 (Stanford University Press, 1998).
Chase, Karen and Michael Levenson, The Spectacle of Intimacy: A Public Life for the Victorian Family (Princeton University Press, 2000).
Cohen, Paula Marantz, The Daughter’s Dilemma: Family Process and the Nineteenth-Century Domestic Novel (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1991).
Corbett, Mary Jean, Family Likeness: Sex, Marriage and Incest from Jane Austen to Virginia Woolf (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008).
Davis, Philip, The Victorians (Oxford English Literary History, vol. 8, 1830–80, Oxford University Press, 2002).
Langland, Elizabeth, Nobody’s Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995).
Mount, Ferdinand, The Subversive Family: An Alternative History of Love and Marriage (London: Cape, 1982).
Nelson, Claudia, Family Ties in Victorian England (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2007).
Sanders, Valerie, The Brother–Sister Culture in Nineteenth-Century Literature (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002).
Wohl, Anthony S., The Victorian Family (London: Croom Helm, 1978).

Gender and the Woman Question

Ablow, Rachel, The Marriage of Minds: Reading Sympathy in the Victorian Marriage Plot (Stanford University Press, 2007).
Caine, Barbara, Victorian Feminists (Oxford University Press, 1992).
Chase, Karen, ‘George Eliot and the Woman Question’, in John Rignall (ed.), Oxford Reader’s Companion to George Eliot (Oxford University Press, 1998, 467–71.
Hadjiafxendi, Kyriaki, ‘“George Eliot,” the Literary Market-Place, and Sympathy’, in Kyriaki Hadjiafxendi and Polina Mackay (eds.), Authorship in Context: From the Theoretical to the Material (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007), 33–55.
Easley, Alexis, First-Person Anonymous: Women Writers and Victorian Print Media, 1830–70 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2004).
Langland, Elizabeth. Nobody’s Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995).
Levine, Caroline and Mark Turner, ‘Introduction: Gender, Genre and George Eliot’, Women’s Writing, 3.22 (1996), 95–6.
Paxton, Nancy L., George Eliot and Herbert Spencer: Feminism, Evolutionism, and the Reconstruction of Gender (Princeton University Press, 1991).

Historiography

Buckley, Jerome Hamilton, The Triumph of Time: A Study of the Victorian Concepts of Time, History, Progress, and Decadence (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and Oxford University Press, 1967).
Burrow, J. W., A Liberal Descent: Victorian Historians and the English Past (Cambridge University Press, 1981).
Crosby, Christina, The Ends of History: Victorians and the Woman Question (New York and London: Routledge, 1991).
Dodd, Valerie A., George Eliot: An Intellectual Life (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990).
Fleishman, Avrom, George Eliot’s Intellectual Life (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Kenyon, John, The History Men: The Historical Profession in England since the Renaissance, 2nd edn (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1993).
McCaw, Neil, George Eliot and Victorian Historiography: Imagining the National Past (Basingstoke, Macmillan and New York: St Martins Press, 2000).
Vargish, Thomas, The Providential Aesthetic in Victorian Fiction (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1985).

Industry and Technology

Beer, Gillian, ‘What’s Not in Middlemarch’, in Karen Chase (ed.), Middlemarch in the Twenty-First Century (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Deane, Phyllis, The First Industrial Revolution, 2nd edn (Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Flint, Kate, ‘The Materiality of Middlemarch’, in Karen Chase (ed.), Middlemarch in the Twenty-First Century (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Givner, Jessie, ‘Industrial History, Preindustrial Literature: George Eliot’s Middlemarch’, English Literary History, 69.1 (2002), 223–43.
Ketabgian, Tamara, The Lives of Machines: The Industrial Imaginary in Victorian Literature and Culture (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2011).
Knoepflmacher, U. C. and Logan D. Browning (eds.), Victorian Hybridities (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).
More, Charles, Understanding the Industrial Revolution (London: Routledge, 2000).
Novak, Daniel A., Realism, Photography, and Nineteenth-Century Fiction (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Otis, Laura, Networking: Communicating with Bodies and Machines in the Nineteenth Century (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2001).
Sussman, Herbert L., Victorians and the Machine: The Literary Response to Technology (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968).
Van Dulken, Stephen, Inventing the Nineteenth Century (London: British Library, 2001, and New York University Press, 2007).

Interiors

Appadurai, Arjun (ed.), The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Ayres, James, Domestic Interiors: The British Tradition, 1500–1850 (London and New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003).
Banham, Joanna, Sally Macdonald and Julia Porter, Victorian Interior Design (London: Cassell, 1991).
Barrett, H. and J. Phillips, Suburban Style: The British Home 1840–1960 (London: Macdonald, 1987).
Bourdieu, Pierre, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste, trans. R. Nice (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).
Bryden, Inga and Janet Floyd (eds.), Domestic Space: Reading the Nineteenth-century Interior (Manchester University Press, 1999).
Cohen, Deborah, Household Gods: The British and their Possessions (London and New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006).
Gloag, John, Victorian Comfort: A Social History of Design from 1830–1900 (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1961).
Grier, K., Culture and Comfort: Parlor-Making and Middle-class Identity (Washington, DC: Smithsonian, 1988).
Heidegger, Martin, ‘Building, Dwelling, Thinking’, in N. Leach (ed.), Rethinking Architecture: A Reader in Cultural Theory (London: Routledge, 1997).
Logan, Thad, The Victorian Parlour (Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Landscape

Grimble, Simon, Landscape, Writing and ‘The Condition of England’: 1878–1917, Ruskin to Modernism (Lewiston, Queenston, and Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 2004).
Helsinger, Elizabeth K., Rural Scenes and National Representation: Britain, 1815–1850 (Princeton University Press, 1997).
Price, Martin, ‘The Picturesque Moment’, in F. W. Hilles and Harold Bloom (eds.), From Sensibility to Romanticism: Essays Presented to Frederick A. Pottle (Oxford University Press, 1965), 259–92.
Rignall, John, ‘History and the “Speech of the Landscape” in Eliot’s Depiction of Midland Life’, George Eliot–George Henry Lewes Studies, 24–5 (1993), 147–62.
Salvesen, Christopher, The Landscape of Memory: A Study of Wordsworth’s Poetry (London: Edward Arnold, 1965).
Witemeyer, Hugh, George Eliot and the Visual Arts (New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1979).

Language

Beer, Gillian, Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 2nd edn (1983; Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Ermarth, Elizabeth Deeds, ‘George Eliot and the World as Language’, in Stephen Regan (ed.), The Nineteenth-Century Novel: A Critical Reader (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1971), 320–9.
Raines, Melissa, ‘George Eliot’s Grammar of Being’, Essays in Criticism, 58 (2008), 43–63.
Raines, Melissa, George Eliot’s Grammar of Being (London: Anthem, 2011).
Shuttleworth, Sally, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Science: The Make-Believe of a Beginning (Cambridge University Press, 1984).

Law

Cornish, W. R. and G. de N. Clark, Law and Society in England 1750–1950 (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1989).
Dolin, Kieran, Fiction and the Law: Legal Discourse in Victorian and Modernist Literature (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Dolin, Kieran, A Critical Introduction to Law and Literature (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
Finn, Margot, ‘Victorian Law, Literature and History: Three Ships Passing in the Night’, Journal of Victorian Culture, 7 (2002), 134–42.
Frank, Cathrine O., Law, Literature and the Transmission of Culture in England, 1837–1925 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010).
Petch, Simon, ‘Legal’, A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture, ed. Herbert Tucker (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999), 155–69.
Pettitt, Clare, ‘Legal Subjects, Legal Objects: The Law and Victorian Fiction’, in Francis O’Gorman (ed.), A Concise Companion to the Victorian Novel (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), 71–90.
Pettitt, Clare, Patent Inventions: Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel (Oxford University Press, 2004).
Rodensky, Lisa, The Crime in Mind: Criminal Responsibility and the Victorian Novel (Oxford University Press, 2003).
Schramm, Jan-Melissa, Testimony and Advocacy in Victorian Law, Literature and Theology (Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Welsh, Alexander, George Eliot and Blackmail (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985).
Welsh, Alexander, Strong Representations: Narrative and Circumstantial Evidence in England (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).

Metropolitanism

Alter, Robert, Imagined Cities: Urban Experience and the Language of the Novel (New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2005).
Bradbury, Malcolm, ‘The Cities of Modernism’, in Malcolm Bradbury and J. McFarlane (eds.), Modernism 1890–1930 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976), 96–104.
Rignall, John, Realist Fiction and the Strolling Spectator (London: Routledge, 1992).
Rignall, John, George Eliot: European Novelist (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011).
Williams, Raymond, The Country and the City (London: Chatto and Windus, 1973).
Williams, Raymond, The English Novel from Dickens to Lawrence (London: Chatto and Windus, 1970).

Money

Delaney, Paul, Literature, Money and the Market: From Trollope to Amis (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002).
Feltes, N. N., Modes of Production of Victorian Novels (University of Chicago Press, 1986).
Gallagher, Catherine, The Body Economic: Life, Death, and Sensation in Political Economy and the Victorian Novel (Princeton University Press, 2006).
Henry, Nancy, George Eliot and the British Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Henry, Nancy and Cannon Schmitt (eds.), Victorian Investments: New Perspectives on Finance and Culture (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2009).
Herbert, Christopher, ‘Filthy Lucre: Victorian Ideas of Money’, Victorian Studies, 44 (2002), 185–213.
Kynaston, David, The City of London: Volume i, A World of its Own, 1815–1890 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1994).
Lalor, J., Money and Morals, A Book for the Times (London: John Chapman, 1842).
O’Gorman, Francis (ed.), Victorian Literature and Finance (Oxford University Press, 2007).
Poovey, Mary, Genres of the Credit Economy: Mediating Value in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Britain (University of Chicago Press, 2008).
Wagner, Tamara S., Financial Speculation in Victorian Fiction: Plotting Money and the Novel Genre, 1815–1901 (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 2010).
Weiss, Barbara, The Hell of the English: Bankruptcy and the Victorian Novel (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1986).

Music

Beer, Gillian, ‘The Mill on the Floss: “more instruments playing together”’, in Penny Gay, Judith Johnston and Catherine Waters (eds.), Victorian Turns, NeoVictorian Returns: Essays on Fiction and Culture (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008), 78–90.
Gray, Beryl, George Eliot and Music (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989).
Picker, J. M., Victorian Soundscapes (Oxford University Press, 2003).
da Sousa Correa, Delia, George Eliot, Music and Victorian Culture (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003).
da Sousa Correa, Delia, ‘George Eliot and the “Expressiveness of Opera”’, Forum for Modern Language Studies, 48(2) (2012), pp. 164–77.
Weliver, Phyllis, Woman Musicians in Victorian Fiction, 1860–1900: Representations of Music, Science and Gender in the Leisured Home (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).

Philosophy

Anger, Suzy, ‘George Eliot and Philosophy’, in George Levine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 76–97.
Ashton, Rosemary, The German Idea: Four English Writers and the Reception of German Thought, 1800–1860 (Cambridge University Press, 1980).
Atkins, Dorothy, George Eliot and Spinoza, Salzburg Studies in English Literature, Romantic Assessment, No. 78 (Universität Salzburg, 1978).
Beer, Gillian, Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction (Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Fleishman, Avrom, George Eliot’s Intellectual Life (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Gardner, Catherine, Women Philosophers: Genre and the Boundaries of Philosophy (Boulder, CO: Westview, 2004).
Knoepflmacher, U. C., ‘George Eliot, Feuerbach and the Question of Criticism’, Victorian Studies, 7 (1964), 306–9.
Levine, George, Realism, Ethics and Secularism: Essays on Victorian Literature and Science (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Paris, Bernard J., Experiments in Life: George Eliot’s Quest for Values (Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1965).
Shuttleworth, Sally, George Eliot and Nineteenth-century Science: The Make-Believe of a Beginning (Cambridge University Press, 1984).
Wright, T. R., The Religion of Humanity: The Impact of Comtean Positivism in Victorian Britain (Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Politics

Brantlinger, Patrick, The Spirit of Reform: British Literature and Politics, 1832–1867 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977).
Briggs, Asa, Victorian People: A Reassessment of Persons and Themes, 1851–67 (University of Chicago Press, 1955).
Gallagher, Catherine, The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction: Social Discourse and Narrative Form, 1832–1867 (University of Chicago Press, 1985).
Henry, Nancy, ‘George Eliot and Politics’, in George Levine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 138–58.
Myers, William, The Teaching of George Eliot (Leicester University Press, 1984).
Myers, William, ‘George Eliot: Politics and Personality’, in John Lucas (ed.), Literature and Politics in the Nineteenth Century (London: Methuen, 1971), 105–29.
Watson, George, The English Ideology: Studies in the Language of Victorian Politics, (London: Allen Lane, 1973).
Williams, Raymond, Culture and Society, 1780–1950 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1958).

Race

Anderson, Amanda, The Powers of Distance: Cosmopolitanism and the Cultivation of Detachment (Princeton University Press, 2001).
Carroll, Alicia, Dark Smiles: Race and Desire in George Eliot (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2003).
Charnon-Deutsch, Lou, The Spanish Gypsy: The History of a European Obsession (University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2004).
Gates, H. L. (ed.), ‘Race,’ Writing, and Difference (University of Chicago Press, 1986).
Henry, Nancy, George Eliot and Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Irwin, Jane (ed.), George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda Notebooks (Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Lewis, Reina, Gendering Orientalism: Race, Femininity, and Representation (London: Routledge, 1996).
Meyer, Susan, Imperialism at Home: Race and Victorian Women’s Fiction (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).
Nord, Deborah E., Gypsies and the British Imagination, 1807–1930 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006).
Ragussis, Michael, Figures of Conversion: The ‘Jewish Question’ and National Identity (Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 1995).
Said, Edward, Orientalism (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).
Valman, Nadia, The Jewess in Nineteenth-Century British Literary Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Religion

Baker, William, George Eliot and Judaism (Universität Salzburg: Institut für Englische Sprache und Literaturen, 1975).
Carroll, David, George Eliot and the Conflict of Interpretations (Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Cheyette, Bryan, Constructions of ‘The Jew’ in English Literature and Society: Racial Representations, 1875–1945 (Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Cunningham, Valentine, Everywhere Spoken Against: Dissent in the Victorian Novel (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).
Himmelfarb, Gertrude, The Jewish Odyssey of George Eliot (New York: Encounter Books, 2009).
Hodgson, Peter C., Theology in the Fiction of George Eliot: The Mystery Beneath the Real (London: SCM Press, 2001).
Jay, Elisabeth, The Religion of the Heart: Anglican Evangelicalism and the Nineteenth-Century Novel (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).
Knight, Mark and Emma Mason, Nineteenth-Century Religion and Literature: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Lovesey, Oliver, The Clerical Character in George Eliot’s Fiction (Victoria, BC: ELS Editions, 1990).
Nurbhai, Saleel and K. M. Newton, George Eliot, Judaism and the Novels: Jewish Myth and Mysticism (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002).
Qualls, Barry, ‘George Eliot and religion’, in George Levine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 119–37.
Ragussis, Michael, Figures of Conversion: ‘The Jewish Question’ and English National Identity (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995).
Semmel, Bernard, George Eliot and the Politics of National Inheritance (Oxford University Press, 1994).
Shaffer, Elinor S., ‘Kubla Khan’ and The Fall of Jerusalem: The Mythological School in Biblical Criticism and Secular Literature, 1770–1880 (Cambridge University Press, 1975).
Wiesenfarth, Joseph, George Eliot’s Mythmaking (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1977).

Romanticism

Dolin, Tim, George Eliot (Oxford Worlds Classics, Oxford University Press, 2005).
Dramin, Edward, ‘“A New Unfolding of Life”: Romanticism in the Late Novels of George Eliot’, Victorian Literature and Culture, 26: 2 (1998), 273–302.
Easson, Angus, ‘Statesman, Dwarf and Weaver: Wordsworth and Nineteenth-Century Narrative’, in Jeremy Hawthorn (ed.), The Nineteenth-Century British Novel (London: Edward Arnold, 1986), 17–30.
Guth, Deborah, George Eliot and Schiller: Intertextuality and Cross-Cultural Discourse (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003).
Mann, Karen B., ‘George Eliot and Wordsworth: The Power of Sound and the Power of Mind’, Studies in English Literature, 20 (1980), 675–94.
Newton, K. M., George Eliot: Romantic Humanist. A Study of the Philosophical Structure of Her Novels (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1981).
Rignall, John (ed.), George Eliot and Europe (Aldershot: Scolar, 1997).

Rural Life

Gill, Stephen, Wordsworth and the Victorians (Oxford University Press, 1998).
Carroll, David, George Eliot and the Conflict of Interpretations (Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Graver, Suzanne, George Eliot and Community: A Study in Social Theory and Fictional Form (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1984).
Handley, Graham, George Eliot’s Midlands: Passion in Exile (London: Allison and Busby, 1991).
Mingay, G. E. (ed.), The Victorian Countryside, 2 vols. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981).
Wiesenfarth, Joseph, George Eliot’s Mythmaking (Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1977).

The Science of the Mind

Bourne-Taylor, Jenny and Sally Shuttleworth (eds.), Embodied Selves: An Anthology of Psychological Texts 1830–1890 (Oxford University Press, 2003).
Cooter, Roger, The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organisation of Consent in Nineteenth-century Britain (Cambridge University Press, 1984).
Davis, Michael, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Psychology: Exploring the Unmapped Country (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006).
Hamilton, Peter and Roger Hargreaves (eds.), The Beautiful and the Damned: The Creation of Identity in Nineteenth-century Photography (Aldershot: Lund Humphries, 2001).
Luckhurst, Roger, The Invention of Telepathy 1870–1901 (Oxford University Press, 2002).
Rhys Morus, Iwan (ed.), Bodies/Machines (Oxford: Berg, 2002).
Richards, Graham, Mental Machinery: The Origins and Consequences of Psychological Ideas 1600–1800 (London: Athlone, 1992).
Rylance, Rick, Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880 (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Secularism

Budd, Susan, Varieties of Unbelief: Atheists and Agnostics in English Society, 1850–1960 (London: Heinemann Educational, 1977).
Butler, Lance St John, Victorian Doubt: Literary and Cultural Discourses (New York: Harvester/Wheatsheaf, 1990).
Chadwick, Owen, The Secularization of the European Mind in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Holyoake, G. J., The Principles of Secularism Illustrated (London: Book Store, 282, Strand; Austin and Co., 17, Johnson’s Court, Fleet Street, 1871).
Holyoake, G. J., The Trial of Theism, by George Jacob Holyoake… (London: Holyoake, 1858).
Levine, George L., Realism, Ethics and Secularism: Essays on Victorian Literature and Science (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Levine, George L., The Joy of Secularism: 11 Essays for How We Live Now (Princeton University Press, 2011).
Paxton, Nancy L., George Eliot and Herbert Spencer: Feminism, Evolutionism, and the Reconstruction of Gender (Princeton University Press, 1991).
Royle, Edward, Victorian Infidels: the Origins of the British Secularist Movement, 1791–1866 (Totowa, NJ: University of Manchester and Rowman and Littlefield, 1974).
Taylor, Charles, A Secular Age (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2007).
Warner, Michael, Jonathan VanAntwerpen, and Craig J. Calhoun, Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010).

Theatre

Bodenheimer, Rosemarie, ‘Ambition and Its Audiences: George Eliot’s Performing Figures’, Victorian Studies, 34 (1990), 7–33.
Franklin, J. Jeffrey, Serious Play: The Cultural Form of the Nineteenth-Century Realist Novel (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999).
Litvak, Joseph, Caught in the Act: Theatricality in the Nineteenth-Century English Novel (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992).
Marshall, David, The Figure of Theater: Shaftesbury, Defoe, Adam Smith, and George Eliot (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986).
Marshall, Gail, Actresses on the Victorian Stage: Feminine Performance and the Galatea Myth (Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Miller, Renata Kobetts, ‘The Exceptional Woman and Her Audience: Armgart, Performance, and Authorship’, George Eliot Review, 35 (2004), 38–45.
Voskuil, Lynn, Acting Naturally: Victorian Theatricality and Authenticity (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2004).

Transport

Daly, Nicholas, Literature, Technology and Modernity, 1860–2000 (Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Dames, Nicholas, Amnesiac Selves: Nostalgia, Forgetting and British Fiction, 1810–1870 (Oxford University Press, 2001).
Headrick, Daniel, When Information Came of Age: Technologies of Knowledge in the Age of Reason and Revolution, 1700–1850 (Oxford University Press, 2000).
McDonagh, Josephine, ‘Space, Mobility, and the Novel: “the spirit of place is a great reality”’, in Matthew Beaumont (ed.), Adventures in Realism (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007), 50–67.
Menke, Richard, Telegraphic Realism: Victorian Fiction and Other Information Systems (Stanford University Press, 2008).
Pawson, Eric, Transport and Economy: The Turnpike Roads of Eighteenth Century Britain (London: Academic Press, 1977).
Plotz, Jon, Portable Property: Victorian Culture on the Move (Princeton University Press, 2008).
Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, The Railway Journey: Trains and Travel in the Nineteenth Century, trans. Anselm Hollo (Oxford, Blackwell, 1980).
Shuttleworth, Sally, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Science: The Make-Believe of a Beginning (Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Williams, Raymond, The Country and the City (London: Chatto and Windus, 1973).

Travel and Tourism

Buzard, James, The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature and the Ways to Culture, 1800–1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
Harris, Margaret, ‘The Travels of George Eliot’, Studies in Travel Writing, 12:3 (2008), 291–9.
Henry, Nancy, George Eliot and the British Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Martin, Carol A., ‘The Reader as Traveller, the Traveller as Reader in George Eliot’, George Eliot Review, 29 (1998), 18–23.
McCormack, Kathleen, George Eliot’s English Travels: Composite Characters and Coded Communications (New York: Routledge, 2005).
Rignall, John, ‘George Eliot and the Idea of Travel’, Yearbook of English Studies, 36:2 (2006), 139–52.
Rignall, John (ed.), George Eliot and Europe (Aldershot: Scolar, 1997).
Thompson, Andrew, George Eliot and Italy: Literary, Cultural and Political Influences from Dante to the Risorgimento (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998).

Visual Arts

Ormond, Leonée, ‘Angels and Archangels: Romola and the Paintings of Florence’, in Caroline Levine and Mark W. Turner (eds.), From Author to Text (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998), 181–190.
Ormond, Leonée, ‘Mines of Misinformation: George Eliot and Old Master Paintings: Berlin, Munich, Vienna and Dresden, 1854–5 and 1858’, George Eliot Review, 33 (2002), 33–50.
Ormond, Leonée, ‘George Eliot and the Victorian Art World’, George Eliot Review, 36 (2005), 25–38.
Witemeyer, Hugh, George Eliot and the Visual Arts (New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1979).