Skip to main content Accessibility help
Forbidden Words
  • Cited by 201
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Many words and expressions are viewed as 'taboo', such as those used to describe sex, our bodies and their functions, and those used to insult other people. This 2006 book provides a fascinating insight into taboo language and its role in everyday life. It looks at the ways we use language to be polite or impolite, politically correct or offensive, depending on whether we are 'sweet-talking', 'straight-talking' or being deliberately rude. Using a range of colourful examples, it shows how we use language playfully and figuratively in order to swear, to insult, and also to be politically correct, and what our motivations are for doing so. It goes on to examine the differences between institutionalized censorship and the ways individuals censor their own language. Lively and revealing, Forbidden Words will fascinate anyone who is interested in how and why we use and avoid taboos in daily conversation.


' … accessible and wide-ranging publication … this is a thoroughly engaging and fascinating book, written with brio and humour.'

Source: Journal of Politeness Research

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Abbey, Edward. 1968. Desert Solitaire. New York: Ballantine.
Abbey, Edward. 1975. The Monkey Wrench Gang. New York: Avon Books.
Adams, Phillip (ed.). 1997. The Retreat from Tolerance. Sydney: ABC Books.
Adams, Phillip and Newell, Patrice. 1994. The Penguin Book of Australian Jokes. Ringwood: Penguin.
Adams, Robert M. 1985. Soft soap and nitty gritty. In Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism, ed. Enright, D.J.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 44–55.
Adler, Max K. 1978. Naming and Addressing: A Sociolinguistic Study. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.
Agyekum, Kofi. 2002. Menstruation as verbal taboo among the Akan of Ghana. Journal of Anthropological Research 58: 367–87.
Algeo, John. 1966. Problems in the Origins and Development of the English Language. 3rd edn. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Allan, Keith. 1986. Linguistic Meaning, vols. 1 and 2. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul [Reprint edn: World Publishing Corporation, Beijing, 1991].
Allan, Keith. 2001. Natural Language Semantics. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Allan, Keith and Burridge, Kate. 1991. Euphemism and Dysphemism: Language Used as Shield and Weapon. New York: Oxford University Press.
Allen, Wendy F. 1987. Teenage Speech: The Social Dialects of Melbourne Teenagers. BA Honours Thesis. Linguistics Department, La Trobe University.
Aman, Reinhold. 1984–5. Offensive language via computer. Maledicta 8: 105f.
Aman, Reinhold and Sardo, Grace. 1982. Canadian sexual terms. Maledicta 6: 21–8.
Anderson, Adam K. and Phelps, Elizabeth A.. 2001. Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature 411: 305–9.
Andersson, Lars-Gunnar and Trudgill, Peter. 1990. Bad Language. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Anooshian, Linda J. and Hertel, T.P.. 1994. Emotionality in free recall: language specificity in bilingual memory. Cognition and Emotion 8: 503–14.
Anttila, Raimo. 1972. An Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics. New York: Macmillan.
Appignanesi, Lisa. 1994. Liberté, égalité and fraternité: PC and the French. In The War of the Words, ed. Dunant, Sarah. London: Virago, pp. 145–63.
Arango, Ariel C. 1989. Dirty Words: Psychoanalytic Insights. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
Arbeitman, Yoël. 1980. Look ma, what's become of the sacred tongues. Maledicta 4: 71–88.
Aristotle, . 1984. The Complete Works of Aristotle. The revised Oxford translation, ed. Jonathan Barnes. Bollingen Series 71. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Atkinson, John M. and Drew, Paul. 1979. Order in Court: The Organisation of Verbal Interaction in Judicial Settings. London: Macmillan.
Atkinson, Martin, Kilby, David and Roca, Iggy. 1988. Foundations of General Linguistics. 2nd edn. London: Unwin Hyman.
Austen, Jane. 1983. The Complete Novels of Jane Austen. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Ayto, John. 1993. A Dictionary of Euphemism. London: Bloomsbury.
Baird, Jonathan. 1976. The funeral industry in Boston. In Death: Current Perspectives, ed. Schneidman, Edwin S.. Palo Alto: Mayfield, pp. 82–91.
Baker, Robert. 1779. Reflections on the English Language. n.p.
Banks, Julie and Mulder, Jean. 1996. What Did I Say? Using Non-Discriminatory Language. Melbourne: Equal Opportunity Unit, University of Melbourne.
Barker, Ronnie. 1979. Fletcher's Book of Rhyming Slang. London: Pan.
Bataille, Georges. 1992. Death and Sensuality: A Study of Eroticism and the Taboo. New York: Walker [Reprint of 1962 edition].
Becker, Ernest. 1973. The Denial of Death. New York: The Free Press.
Benson, Robert W. 1985. The end of legalese: the game is over. Review of Law and Social Change 13: 519–73.
Berecz, John M. 1992. Understanding Tourette Syndrome, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Related Problems. New York: Springer.
Bering, Dietz. 1992. The Stigma of Names: Antisemitism in German Daily Life, 1812–1933, trans. Neville Plaice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press [First published as Der Name als Stigma. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Verlag. 1987].
Besterman, Theodore (ed.). 1957. Voltaire's Correspondence, vol. 23. Geneva: Institut et Musée Voltaire.
Bilmes, Jack. 1988. The concept of preference in conversation analysis. Language in Society 17: 161–81.
Black, David. 1986. The Plague Years: A Chronicle of AIDS. London: Picador.
Black, Maggie. 1977. A Heritage of British Cooking. London: Charles Letts.
Blackledge, Catherine. 2003. The Story of V: Opening Pandora's Box. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
Blackwell, Kenneth and Ruja, Harry. 1994. A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell, vol. 2. London and New York: Routledge.
Bloomfield, Leonard. 1927. On recent work in general linguistics. Modern Philology 25: 211–30.
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1992. The metapragmatics of politeness in Israeli society. In Politeness in Language: Studies in its History, Theory and Practice, ed. Watts, Richard J., Ide, Sachiko and Ehlich, Konrad. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 255–80.
Bolinger, Dwight. 1980. Language: The Loaded Weapon. London: Longman.
Börjars, Kersti and Burridge, Kate. 2001. Introducing English Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
Boswell, James. 1791. The Life of Samuel Johnson, LLD. London: Henry Baldwin for Charles Dilly.
Boyle, Ronald. 2000. Whatever happened to preference organization?Journal of Pragmatics 32: 583–604.
Brain, James L. 1979. The Last Taboo: Sex and the Fear of Death. New York: Anchor/Doubleday.
Bright, William. 2000. The sociolinguistics of the ‘s-word’: ‘squaw’ in American place names. Accessed October 2004.
Brillat-Savarin, Jean-Anthelme. 1970. The Physiology of Taste, trans. A. Drayton. Harmondsworth: Penguin [First published 1825].
Brown, Penelope and Levinson, Stephen. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, Roger W. and Ford, M.. 1961. Address in American English. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 62: 375–85.
Brown, Roger W. and Albert Gilman. 1960. The pronouns of power and solidarity. In Style in Language, ed. Sebeok, Thomas A.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 253–76 [Reprinted in Language and Social Context, ed. Pier P. Giglioli Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp. 252–82].
Brown, Roger W. and Gilman, Albert. 1989. Politeness theory and Shakespeare's four major tragedies. Language in Society 18: 159–212.
Brugman, Marieke and Kate Burridge. 2000. Gastronomic Red Herrings. The Age Epicure Master Class, as part of the Melbourne Food and Wine Festival (the Grand Hyatt).
Bryson, Bill. 1984. The Penguin Dictionary of Troublesome Words. London: Allen Lane.
Buchanan, James. 1767. A Regular English Syntax: wherein is exhibited the whole variety of English construction, properly exemplified. London: J. Wren.
Burchfield, Robert. 1985. An outline history of euphemism in English. In Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism, ed. Enright, D.J.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 13–31.
Burchfield, Robert. 1989. Unlocking the English Language. London: Faber & Faber.
Burke, Peter. 1995. Introduction. In Languages and Jargons: Contributions to the Social History of Language, ed. Burke, Peter and Porter, Roy. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 1–21.
Burr, Thomas B. 1766. The History of Tunbridge-Wells. London.
Burridge, Kate. 1991. Syntactic Change in Germanic. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Burridge, Kate. 2000. The Power of Language: Proceedings of the Insurance Enquiries and Complaints 4th Annual Conference (13–14 November, Sheraton Hotel, Melbourne). In-house publication.
Burridge, Kate. 2004. Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burridge, Kate. 2005. Weeds in the Garden of Words: Further Observations on the Tangled History of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burridge, Kate and Keith Allan. 1998. The X-phemistic value of Romani in non-standard speech. In The Romani Element in Non-Standard Speech, ed. Matras, Yaron. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, pp. 29–50.
Burridge, Kate and Florey, Margaret. 2002. ‘Yeah-no he's a good kid’: a discourse analysis of yeah-no in Australian English. Australian Journal of Linguistics 22: 149–71.
Burridge, Kate and Mulder, Jean. 1998. English in Australia and New Zealand: An Introduction to its Structure, History and Use. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Bybee, Joan L. 2003. Mechanisms of change in grammaticalization: the role of frequency. In The Handbook of Historical Linguistics, ed. Joseph, Brian D. and Janda, Richard D.. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 602–23.
Bynum, Caroline Walker. 1987. Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Callen, Michael. 1990. AIDS: The linguistic battlefield. In The State of the Language, ed. Ricks, Christopher and Michaels, Leonard. London: Faber, pp. 171–84.
Cameron, Deborah. 1995. Verbal Hygiene. London: Routledge.
Cameron, Deborah and Kulick, Don. 2003. Language and Sexuality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Campbell, George. 1776. Philosophy of Rhetoric, 2 vols. London: W. Strahan, T. Cadell.
Camporesi, Piero. 1988. The Incorruptible Flesh: Bodily Mutation and Mortification in Religion and Folklore. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cassileth, Barrie R. and Hamilton, Jane. 1979. The family with cancer. In The Cancer Patient: Social and Medical Aspects of Care, ed. Peter A. Cassileth. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, pp. 233–49.
Chafin, Mary. 1979. Mary Chafin's Original Country Recipes from a Dorset Family Cookery Book of the 17th Century. London: Macmillan.
Chappell, Hilary and McGregor, William (eds.). 1995. Body Parts in Grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Chaucer, Geoffrey. 1898 [1396]. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Globe edition, ed. Alfred W. Pollard, H. Frank Heath, Mark H. Liddell and W.S. McCormick. London: Macmillan & Co.
Chauncey, George. 1994. Gay New York: Gender, Urban cultures, and the Making of the Gay Male World 1890–1940. New York: BasicBooks.
Cicero, . 1959. Letters to His Friends (Epistulae ad Familiares), trans. W. Glynn Williams. London: Heineman.
Cleese, John and Booth, Connie. 1988. The Complete Fawlty Towers. London: Methuen.
Cleland, John. 1985. Fanny Hill or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, ed. Peter Wagner. Harmondsworth: Penguin [First published 1748–9].
Clinton, Bill [William J.]. 2004. My Life. London: Hutchinson.
Clyne, Michael. 1987. Language and Racism. In Prejudice in the Public Arena: Racism, ed. Markus, Andrew and Rasmussen, Radha. Melbourne: Centre for Migrant and Intercultural Studies, Monash University, pp. 35–44.
Cockayne, Oswald (ed.). 1865. Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England. London: Longman, Roberts & Green.
Comings, David E. and Comings, Brenda G.. 1985. Tourette Syndrome: clinical and psychological aspects of 250 cases. American Journal of Human Genetics 37: 435–50.
Cook, James. 1893. Captain Cook's Journal During his First Voyage round the World made in H.M. Bark Endeavour, 1768–71. A literal transcription of the original MSS ed. Captain W.J.L. Wharton. London: Elliot Stock.
Cook, James. 1967. The Journals of Captain James Cook, vol. 3: The Voyage of the Resolution and Discovery 1776–1780, ed. from the original MSS by J.C. Beaglehole. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press for the Hakluyt Society.
Cove, John J. 1978. Ecology, structuralism, and fishing taboos. In Adaptation and Symbolism: Essays on Social Organization, ed. Watson-Gegeo, Karen A. and Seaton, S. Lee. Hawaii: East–West Center, University of Hawaii, pp. 143–54.
Crawley, Ernest. 1960. The Mystic Rose: A Study of Primitive Marriage and of Primitive Thought in its Bearing on Marriage. 2nd edn. New York: Meridian Books [First published 1927].
Crompton, Louis. 1980–1. The myth of lesbian impunity: capital laws from 1270 to 1791. Journal of Homosexuality 6 (1/2): 11–25.
Crystal, David. 1995. Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crystal, David. 1998. Language Play. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Cutts, Martin and Maher, Chrissie. 1984. Gobbledygook. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Daems, W.F. (ed.). 1967. Boec van medicinen in Dietsche [c. 1300]. Een Middelnederlandse compilatie van medisch-farmaceutische literatuur. Thesis. Leiden.
Dallman, M.F., Pecoraro, N. and others. 2003. Chronic stress and obesity: a new view of ‘comfort food’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA (September issue), pp. 1696–701.
Danat, Brenda. 1980. Language in the legal process. Law and Society Review 14: 445–564.
Dauzat, Albert. 1917. Les argots des métiers franco-provençaux. Paris: Champion.
Dauzat, Albert. 1938. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue française. Paris: Librairie Larousse.
Davenport-Hines, Richard. 1990. Sex, Death and Punishment: Attitudes to Sex and Sexuality in Britain since the Renaissance. London: Collins.
Dawidowicz, Lucy. 1975. The War Against the Jews, 1939–1945. New York: Bantam.
Klerk, Vivian. 1992. How taboo are taboo words for girls?Language in Society 21: 277–89.
Deetz, James. 1977. Small Things Forgotten: The Archeology of Early American Life. New York: Anchor Press.
Dickstein, Morris. 1993. Correcting PC. Partisan Review 60: 542–9.
Dinn, W.M. and Harris, C.L.. 2000. Neurocognitive function in antisocial personality disorder. Psychiatry Research 97: 173–90.
Dixon, Robert M. W. 1980. Languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Douglas, Mary. 1966. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Durkheim, Emile. 1963. Incest: The Nature and Origin of the Taboo. New York: Lyle Stuart [First published 1897].
Eagleson, Robert D. 1982. Aboriginal English in an urban setting. In English and the Aboriginal Child, ed. Eagleson, Robert D., Kaldor, Susan and Malcolm, Ian G.. Canberra: Curriculum Development Centre.
Ehrlich, Susan. 2001. Representing Rape. London and New York: Routledge.
Ellis, Albert. 1963. The Origins and the Development of the Incest Taboo. New York: Lyle Stuart.
Ellman, Lucy. 1989. Sweet Desserts. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Ellmann, Richard. 1988. Oscar Wilde. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Emerson, Ralph W. 1856. Aristocracy. Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson. London: George Routledge & Sons.
Enright, D.J. (ed.). 1985. Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ernst, Morris L. and Seagle, William. 1928. To the Pure: A Study of Obscenity and the Censor. New York: Viking.
Ernster, Virginia L. 1975. American menstrual expressions. Sex Roles 1: 3–13.
Ervin-Tripp, Susan. 1969. Sociolinguistics. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 4, ed. Berkowitz, Leon, pp. 93–107.
Ervin-Tripp, Susan et al. 1984. Language and power in the family. In Language and Power, ed. Kramarae, Cheris, Schulz, Muriel and O'Barr, William M.. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, pp. 116–35.
Farb, Peter. 1974. Word Play: What Happens When People Talk. New York: Knopf.
Farmer, John S. and Henley, W.E.. 1890–1904. Slang and Its Analogues. 7 Vols. London [Reprint edn: Arno Press, New York, 1970].
Farro, D. 1754. Royal Universal British Grammar and Vocabulary. London.
Fernándes-Armesto, Felipe. 2001. Food: A History. London: Macmillan.
Field, David. 1976. The social definition of illness. In An Introduction to Medical Sociology, ed. Tuckett, David. London: Tavistock Publications, pp. 334–66.
Fielding, Henry. 1749. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. London: printed for A. Millar.
Firth, John R. 1968. Descriptive linguistics and the study of English. In Selected Papers of J.R. Firth, 1952–59, ed. Palmer, Frank R.. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 96–113 [First published 1956].
Fisher, Mary. 1995. I'll Not Go Quietly: Mary Fisher Speaks Out. New York: Scribner.
Fitter, R.S. R. 1971. Finding Wild Flowers. London: Collins.
Flaubert, Gustave. 1930. Œuvres complètes de Gustave Flaubert. Madame Bovary: mœurs de province. Paris: Louis Conard.
Folb, Edith. 1980. Runnin' Down Some Lines: The Language and Culture of Black Teenagers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Forestus, Alemarianus Petrus [Foreest, Pieter]. 1653. Observationem et Curiatonem Medicinalium ac Chirurgicarum Opera Omnia. Rouen: Berthelin.
Frantz, David O. 1989. Festum Voluptatis: A Study of Renaissance Erotica. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Frazer, James G. Sir 1875. Taboo. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9th edn.
Frazer, James G. Sir 1911. The Golden Bough Part II: Taboo and The Perils of the Soul. 3rd edn. London: Macmillan.
Freud, Sigmund. 1950. Totem and Taboo, trans. Strachey, James. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul [First published 1913].
Fryer, Peter. 1963. Mrs Grundy: Studies in English Prudery. London: Dennis Dobson.
Furnivall, Frederick (ed.). 1868. The Babees Book, The Bokes of Nurture of Hugh Rhodes and John Russel. Published for the Early English Text Society. London: Trübner and Co.
Garner, James Finn. 1994. Politically Correct Bedtime Stories. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, pp. 1–2.
Germov, John and Williams, Lauren. 1999. A Sociology of Food and Nutrition: The Social Appetite. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gildersleeve, Virginia C. 1961. Government Regulation of the Elizabethan Drama. New York: Burt Franklin [First published 1908].
Gillis, Lynn. 1972. Human Behaviour in Illness: Psychology and Interpersonal Relationships. London: Faber & Faber.
Goffman, Erving. 1978. Response cries. Language 54: 787–815.
Gonzalez-Regiosa, F. 1976. The anxiety arousing effect of taboo words in bilinguals. In Cross-Cultural Anxiety, ed. Spielberger, C.D. and Diaz-Guerrero, Regiosa. Washington, DC: Hemisphere, pp. 89–105.
Goodheart, Eugene. 1993. PC or not PC. Partisan Review 60: 550–5.
Gordon, Benjamin L. 1959. Medieval and Renaissance Medicine. New York: Philosophical Library.
Gorer, Geoffrey. 1965. Death, Grief and Mourning in Contemporary Britain. London: Cresset Press.
Gottfried, Robert S. 1983. The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe. New York: The Free Press.
Gowers, Ernest Sir. 1987. The Complete Plain Words. Revised by Sidney Greenbaum and Janet Whitcut. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Gray, Rose and Rogers, Ruth. 1997. River Cafe Cook Book Two. London: Ebury Press.
Gray, S.G., Hughes, H.H. and Schneider, L.J.. 1982. Physiological responsivity to a socially stressful situation: the effect of level of moral development. Psychological Record 32: 29–34.
Green, Jonathon. 1993. Slang Down the Ages: The Historical Development of Slang. London: Kyle Cathie.
Green, Jonathon. 1996. Words Apart. London: Kyle Cathie Ltd.
Grice, H. Paul. 1975. Logic and conversation. In Syntax and Semantics 3: Speech Acts, ed. Cole, Peter and Morgan, Jerry L.. New York: Academic Press, pp. 41–58 [Reprinted in Grice. Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1986].
Griffiths, Andy. 2004. The Bad Book. Illustrations by Terry Denton. Sydney: Pan Macmillan Australia.
Grose, Francis (Captain). 1811. Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue. London [First published 1783].
Gross, John. 1985. Intimations of mortality. In Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism, ed. Enright, D.J.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 203–19.
Grosser, George S. and Walsh, Anthony A.. 1966. Sex differences in the differential recall of taboo and neutral words. Journal of Psychology 63: 219–27.
Grover, Jan Zita. 1990. AIDS: keywords. In The State of the Language, ed. Ricks, Christopher and Michaels, Leonard. London: Faber, pp. 142–62.
Guthrie, Douglas. 1945. A History of Medicine. London: Thomas Nelson.
Haiman, John. 1980. The iconicity of grammar: isomorphism and motivation. Language 56: 515–40.
Halliday, Michael A. K. 1978. Language as a Social Semiotic. London: Edward Arnold.
Halligan, Marion. 1990. Eat My Words. North Ryde, NSW: Angus and Robertson.
Harmer, Wendy. 1998. Are cookbooks the new pornography?HQ 57: 26–9.
Harris, Catherine L., Ayçiçegi, Ayse and Gleason, Jean B.. 2003. Taboo words and reprimands elicit greater autonomic reactivity in a first language than in a second language. Applied Psycholinguistics 24: 561–79.
Harris, James. 1751. Hermes: or, A Philosophical Enquiry Concerning Language and Universal Grammar. London: H. Woodfall for J. Nourse et al.
Harris, Marvin. 1986. Good to Eat: The Riddles of Food and Culture. London: Macmillan.
Hartley, Dorothy. 1999. Food in English. London: Little, Brown and Company. [First published 1954].
Hartmann, Lawrence. 1973. Some uses of dirty words by children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 12: 108–22.
Haugen, Einar. 1972. The First Grammatical Treatise: The Earliest Germanic Phonology. London: Longman.
Hays, Terence E. 1987. Menstrual expressions and menstrual attitudes. Sex Roles 16: 605–14.
Haze, Dolores. 1994. Faking it. Mademoiselle 100 (1): 125.
Healey, Tim. 1980. A new erotic vocabulary. Maledicta 4: 181–201.
Henley, Nancy M. 1989. Molehill or mountain? What we know and don't know about sex bias in language. In Gender and Thought: Psychological Perspectives, ed. Crawford, Mary and Gentry, Margaret. New York: Springer Verlag, pp. 59–78.
Herbert, Robert K. 1990. Hlonipha and the ambiguous woman. Anthropos 85: 455–73.
Hickey, Raymond. 2003. The German address system: binary and scalar at once. In Diachronic Perspectives on Address Term Systems, ed. Taavitsainen, Irma and Jucker, Andreas H.. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 401–25.
Hinton, John. 1976. Speaking of death with the dying. In Death: Current Perspectives, ed. Schneidman, Edwin S.. Palo Alto: Mayfield, pp. 303–14.
Hobley, C.W. 1910. British East Africa: Kikuyu customs and belief. Thahu and its connection with circumcision rites. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 40: 428–52.
Hock, Hans H. 1986. Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton.
Hodgett, Gerald, Hodgett, A.J. and Smith, Delia. n.d. Stere Htt Well: Medieval Recipes and Remedies from Samuel Pepys's Library. Adelaide: Mary Martin Books.
Holzknecht, Susanne. 1988. Word taboo and its implications for language change in the Markham family of languages, PNG. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 18: 43–69.
Householder, Fred W. 1971. Linguistic Speculations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hudson, Joyce and Richards, Eirlys. 1978. The Walmatjari: An Introduction to the Language and Culture. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Hudson, Keith. 1978. The Jargon of the Professions. London: Macmillan.
Hughes, Geoffrey. 1991. Swearing: A Social History of Foul Language, Oaths and Profanity in English. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hughes, Robert. 1987. The Fatal Shore: A History of the Transportation of Convicts to Australia 1787–1868. London: Collins Harvill.
Hughes, Robert. 1993. Culture of Complaint: The Fraying of America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hughes, Susan E. 1992. Expletives of lower working-class women. Language in Society 21: 291–303.
Huizinga, Johan. 1924. The Waning of the Middle Ages. New York: Doubleday Anchor.
Isaacson, David. 1999. Review of Encarta World English Dictionary.
Jacobsen, Anders. 2002. American political correctness the word niggardly. thewordniggardly.html. Accessed October 2004.
Janney, Richard W. and Horst Arndt. 1992. Intracultural tact versus intercultural tact. In Politeness in Language: Studies in its History, Theory and Practice, ed. Watts, Richard J., Ide, Sachiko and Ehlich, Konrad. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 21–41.
Jansen, Sue Curry. 1991. Censorship: The Knot that Binds Power and Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jay, Timothy. 1992. Cursing in America. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Jay, Timothy. 2000. Why We Curse: A Neuro-Psycho-Social Theory of Speech. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Jenkinson, Edward B. 1979. How to keep dictionaries out of the public schools. Verbatim 5 (4): 12–13.
Joffe, Natalie F. 1948. The vernacular of menstruation. Word 4: 181–6.
Johnson, Diane and John F. Murray. 1985. Do doctors mean what they say? In Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism, ed. Enright, D.J.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 151–8.
Johnson, Samuel. 1755. A Dictionary of the English Language: in which the words are deduced from their originals, and illustrated by examples from the best writers. To which are prefixed, a history of the language, and an English grammar. 2 vols. London: W. Strahan.
Jones, Daniel. 1948. An English Pronouncing Dictionary containing 56,300 words in International Phonetic Transcription. 9th edn, revised with supplement. London: Dent.
Jones, Daniel. 2003. English Pronouncing Dictionary. 16th edn, ed. Peter Roach, James Hartman and Jane Setter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jonson, Ben. 1981. The Complete Plays of Ben Jonson, ed. Wilkes, G.A.. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Joos, Martin. 1961. The Five Clocks. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
Kachru, Braj. 1984. The alchemy of English: social and functional power of non-native varieties. In Language and Power, ed. Kramarae, Cheris, Schulz, Muriel and O'Barr, William M.. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, pp. 176–93.
Keesing, Nancy. 1982. Lily on the Dustbin: Slang of Australian Women and Families. Ringwood: Penguin.
Keesing, Roger M. and Fifiʔi, Jonathan. 1969. Kwaio word tabooing in its cultural context. Journal of the Polynesian Society 78: 154–77.
Keller, Helen. 1908. Sense and sensibility. The Century Magazine (February issue).
Kennedy, Randall. 2003. Nigger: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Word. New York: Vintage Books.
Kim, Karl H., Relkin, Norman R., Lee, Kyoung-Min et al. 1997. Distinct cortical areas associated with native and second languages. Nature 388: 171–4.
Kinsey, Alfred. 1953. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
Kittredge, Richard and Lehrberger, John (eds.). 1982. Sublanguage: Studies of Language in Restricted Semantic Domains. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Knipe, Edward E. 1984. Gamrie: An Exploration in Cultural Ecology. Lanham, New York and London: University Press of America.
Knipe, Edward E. and David G. Bromley. 1984. Speak no evil: word taboos among Scottish fishermen. In Forbidden Fruits: Taboos and Tabooism in Culture, ed. Browne, Ray B.. Bowling Green: University of Ohio Popular Press, pp. 183–92.
Kobjitti, Chart. 1983. The Judgement, trans. Laurie Maund. Bangkok: Laurie Maund.
Korn, Daniel, Radice, Mark and Hawes, Charlie. 2001. Cannibal: The History of People Eaters. London: Channel 4 Books.
Kramer, Hilton. 1993. Confronting the monolith. Partisan Review 60: 569–73.
Kripke, Saul. 1972. Naming and necessity. In Semantics of Natural Language, ed. Davidson, Donald and Harman, Gilbert. Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 253–355 [Republished separately as Naming and Necessity. Oxford: Blackwell 1980].
LaBar, Kevin S. and Phelps, Elizabeth A.. 1998. Arousal-mediated memory consolidation: role of the medial temporal lobe in humans. Psychological Science 9: 490–3.
Labov, William. 1972. Language in the Inner City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Lakoff, Robin T. 2000. The Language War. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lass, Roger. 1999. The English Language Volume 111 (1476–1776). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leap, William L. 1996. Word's Out: Gay Men's English. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Lee-Wong, Song Mei. 2000. Politeness and Face in Chinese Culture. Frankfurt-am-Main: Peter Lang.
Lehrer, Adrienne. 1990. As American as apple pie – and sushi and bagels: the semiotics of food and drink. In Recent Developments in Theory and History: The Semiotic Web, ed. Sebeok, Thomas A. and Umiker-Sebeok, Jean. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 359–402.
Lehrer, Adrienne. 1992. Names and naming: why we need fields and frames. In Frames, Fields, and Contrasts, ed. Lehrer, Adrienne and Kittay, Eva F.. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 123–42.
Leonard, Sterling A. 1962. The Doctrine of Correctness in English Usage 1700–1800. New York: Russell and Russell [First published 1929].
Lifton, Robert J. and Eric Olson. 1976. The nuclear age. In Death: Current Perspectives, ed. Schneidman, Edwin S.. Palo Alto: Mayfield, pp. 99–109.
Lindau, Sidney I. 2001. Dictionaries: The Art and Craft of Lexicography. 2nd edn. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lloyd, Geoffrey E. R. 1983. Science, Folklore and Ideology – Studies in the Life Sciences in Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Locke, John. 1690. Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 4 vols. London: Tho. Basset.
Loftus, Elizabeth F. 1979. Eyewitness Testimony. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Loury, Glen C. 1993. Self-censorship. Partisan Review 60: 608–18.
Lowth, Robert RevDr. 1763. A Short Introduction to English Grammar. With critical notes. 2nd edn, corrected, to which are added observations on style by Joseph Priestley. Dublin: H. Saunders [First edn 1762].
Lutz, William. 1989. Doublespeak: From ‘Revenue Enhancement’ to ‘Terminal Living’. How Government, Business, Advertisers, and Others Use Language to Deceive You. New York: Harper and Row.
Lynn, Jonathan and Jay, Anthony. 1989. The Complete Yes Prime Minister. London: BBC Books.
MacKay, Donald G., Shafto, Meredith, Taylor, Jennifer K. et al. 2004. Relations between emotion, memory, and attention: evidence from taboo Stroop, lexical decision, and immediate memory tasks. Memory and Cognition 32: 474–88.
Maclean, Natalie. 2004. The last word. In The Australian Wine Selector. Australian Wine Selectors Pty Ltd. 114.
Macquarie Dictionary. 2003. 3rd edn, revised. North Ryde, NSW: Macquarie Library.
MacWhinney, Brian, Keenan, Janice M. and Reinke, Peter. 1982. The role of arousal in memory for conversation. Memory and Cognition 10: 308–17.
Maines, Rachel P. 1999. The Technology of Orgasm: ‘Hysteria’, the Vibrator, and Women's Sexual Satisfaction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Marshall, L. 1957. N!ow. Africa 27: 232–40.
Marx, Karl. 1974. On Freedom of the Press and Censorship, ed. and trans. Padover, Saul K.. The Karl Marx Library 4. New York: McGraw-Hill.
May, Derwent. 1985. Euphemisms and the media. In Fair of Speech: The Uses of Euphemism, ed. Enright, D.J.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 122–34.
McCrum, Robert, Cran, William and MacNeil, Robert. 1992. The Story of English. Revised edn. London: Faber & Faber.
McDonald, James. 1988. A Dictionary of Obscenity, Taboo and Euphemism. London: Sphere Books.
McGinnies, Elliott. 1949. Emotionality of perceptual defense. Psychological Review 56: 244–51.
Mead, Margaret. 1937. Tabu. Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences. London: Macmillan, vol. 7: 502–5.
Meigs, Anna S. 1978. A Papuan perspective on pollution. Man 13: 304–18.
Metcalf, Fred. 1986. The Penguin Dictionary of Modern Humorous Quotations. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Millwood-Hargrave, Andrea. 2000. Delete expletives? London: Advertising Standards Authority, British Broadcasting Corporation, Broadcasting Standards Commission, Independent Television Commission.
Milne, A. A. 1948. The House at Pooh Corner. London: Methuen.
Milroy, Jim. 2002. The legitimate language: giving a history to English. In Alternative Histories of English, ed. Watts, Richard and Trudgill, Peter. London: Routledge, pp. 7–26.
Milton, John. 1644. Areopagitica; a Speech of Mr. John Milton For the Liberty of Vnlicenc'd Printing, To the Parlament of England. London.
Montagu, Ashley. 1968. The Anatomy of Swearing. New York: Macmillan.
Montaigne, Michel. 1948. The Complete Works of Montaigne: Essays, Travel Journal, Letters, trans. Donald M. Frame. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Moore, Judith. 1994. Never Eat Your Heart Out. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Morris, David B. 2000. Illness and Culture in the Postmodern Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Morris, Meaghan. 1997. Sticks and stones and stereotypes. In The Retreat from Tolerance, ed. Adams, Phillip. Sydney: ABC Books.
Morrish, Elizabeth. 1997. Falling short of God's ideal: public discourse about lesbians and gays. In Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, ed. Livia, Anna and Hall, Kira. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 335–45.
Morse, Gardiner. 1999. The nocebo effect. Hippocrates. Published on-line by the New England Journal of Medicine,
Moses, Peter. 1993. Non-consent in rape: a critique of the ‘no means yes’ controversy. Alternative Law Journal 18 (6): 290–2.
Muehlenhard, Charlene L. and Hollabaugh, Lisa C.. 1988. Do women sometimes say no when they mean yes? The prevalence and correlates of women's token resistance to sex. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54: 872–9.
Murray, Lindley. 1795. English Grammar, adapted to the different classes of learners. With an appendix, containing rules and observations for promoting perspicuity in speaking and writing. York: Wilson, Spence and Mawman.
Murray, Lindley. 1799. English exercises, adapted to the grammar lately published by L. Murray. Designed for the benefit of private learners, as well as for the use of schools. 4th edn, corrected. London: T.N. Longman & O. Rees.
Murray, Lindley. 1824. English Grammar. 5th edn. London [First published 1795].
Murray, Stephen O. 1979. The art of gay insulting. Anthropological Linguistics 21: 211–23.
Neaman, Judith S. and Silver, Carole G.. 1983. Kind Words: A Thesaurus of Euphemisms. New York: Facts on File.
Noonan, Peggy. 1998. Toward candor and courage in speech. In Essays from Contemporary Culture, ed. Ackley, Katherine Anne. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace, pp. 368–76.
Nothman, Fred H. 1962. The influence of response conditions on recognition thresholds for taboo words. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 51: 427–33.
Nunberg, Geoffrey. 1990. What the usage panel thinks. In The State of the Language, ed. Ricks, Christopher and Michaels, Leonard. London: Faber, pp. 467–82.
Oraison, Marc. 1972. Vie chrétienne et problèmes de la sexualité. Paris: Lethielleux-Fayard, Centre d'études Laennec [First published 1952].
Ortner, Sherry B. 1974. Is female to male as nature is to culture? In Woman, Culture, and Society, ed. Rosaldo, Michelle Z. and Lamphere, Louise. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 67–87.
Orwell, George. 1946. Politics and the English Language. Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
Orwell, George. 1987. Nineteen Eighty-Four. London: Secker & Warburg [First published 1949].
Osgood, Charles E., Suci, George J. and Tannenbaum, Percy H.. 1957. The Measurement of Meaning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Oxford Companion to the English Language. 1992. Ed. Tom McArthur. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Oxford English Dictionary. 1989. 2nd edn. Oxford Clarendon Press [Abbreviated to OED]. Also available on compact disc.
Paget, Sir James. 1879. Sexual hypochondriasis (1870). In Clinical Lectures and Essays by Sir James Paget, ed. Marsh, Howard. 2nd edn. London: Longmans Green & Co., pp. 275–98.
Partridge, Eric. 1952. Introduction to Chamber of Horrors: A Glossary of Official Jargon both English and American, ed. ‘Vigilans’. London: André Deutsch.
Partridge, Eric. 1955. Shakespeare's Bawdy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Partridge, Eric. 1984. A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, ed. Paul Beale. 8th edn. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Patterson, James T. 1987. The Dread Disease: Cancer and Modern American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Pauwels, Anne. 1993. Gender and language reform in Australia. In Style on the Move: Proceedings of Style Council 92, ed. Peters, Pam, pp. 105–19.
Perrin, Noel. 1992. Dr. Bowdler's Legacy: A History of Expurgated Books in English and America. Boston: David R. Godine.
Perry, Ruth. 1992. A short history of the term politically correct. In Beyond PC: Toward a Politics of Understanding, ed. Aufderheide, P.. Pauls, St, MN: Graywolf Press, pp. 71–9.
Peterson, Alan. 1986. Word Words Words: The Use and Misuse of English in Australia Today. Sydney: The Fairfax Library.
Porter, Roy. 1995. ‘Perplex't with tough names’: the uses of medical jargon. In Languages and Jargons: Contributions to the Social History of Language, ed. Burke, Peter and Porter, Roy. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 42–63.
Porter, Roy. 1997. The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present. London: HarperCollins.
Preston, Dennis R. 2002. The story of good and bad English in the United States. In Alternative Histories of English, ed. Watts, Richard and Trudgill, Peter. London: Routledge, pp. 134–152.
Probyn, Elspeth. 2000. Carnal Appetites: FoodSexIdentities. London: Routledge.
Pullar, Phillippa. 1970. Consuming Passions: A History of English Food and Appetite. London: Hamish Hamilton.
Pullum, Geoffrey K. 1991. The Great Eskimo Vocabulary Hoax and Other Irreverent Essays on the Study of Language. Berkeley: University of Chicago Press.
Quinion, Michael. 1999. Review of Encarta World English Dictionary.
Quintilian, . 1920–22. The Institutio Oratoria of Quintilian, 4 vols., trans. H.E. Butler. Loeb Classical Library. London: William Heinemann.
Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1939. Taboo. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ravitch, Diane. 2004. The Language Police: How Pressure Groups Restrict what Students Learn. New York: Vintage Books.
Read, Allen W. 1977. Classic American Graffiti: Lexical Evidence from Folk Epigraphy in Western North America. Waukesha, WI: Maledicta Press [First published 1935].
Richards, Peter. 1977. The Medieval Leper. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer.
Risch, Barbara. 1987. Women's derogatory terms for men: That's right, ‘dirty’ words. Language in Society 16: 353–8.
Rochester, John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of. 1968. The Works of the Earl of Rochester, ed. David M. Vieth. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Rosten, Leo. 1968. The Joys of Yiddish. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Sade, Marquis. 1965. Justine, Philosophy in the Bedroom, and Other Writings, trans. Richard Seaver and Austryn Wainhouse. New York: Grove Press.
Sade, Marquis. 1966–7. Œuvres complètes du Marquis de Sade. Édition définitive. Paris: Cercle du livre précieux.
Sade, Marquis. 1968. Juliette, trans. Austryn Wainhouse. New York: Grove Weidenfeld [First published as La Nouvelle Justine, ou les Malheurs de la Vertu, suivie de l'Histoire de Juliette, sa sœur ou les Prospérités du vice. Paris. 1797].
Sanders, Alan J. and Bat-Ireedui, Jantsangiin. 1999. Colloquial Mongolian: The Complete Course for Beginners. London: Routledge.
Sanders, Stephanie A. and Reinsich, Julie M.. 1999. Would you say you had ‘sex’ if?Journal of the American Medical Association 281: 275–7.
Saussure, Ferdinand. 1974. A Course in General Linguistics, ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans. Wade Baskin. Glasgow: Fontana/Collins [First published 1915].
Scellinck, Thomaes. 1343. Het ‘Boeck van Surgien’ van Meester Thomaes Scellinck van Thienen. Opuscula Selecta Neerlandicorum de Arte Medica, ed. E.D. Leersum. Amsterdam. 1928.
Schwarz, Maureen T. 2001. Allusions to ancestral impropriety: understandings of arthritis and rheumatism in the contemporary Navajo world. American Ethnologist 28: 650–78.
Scollon, Ronald and Scollon, Suzanne Wong. 1995. Intercultural Communication: A Discourse Approach. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Scutt, Jocelynne A. 2002. Vilifying Women on the Football Field. Accessed October 2004.
Seaberg, Alvin G. 1973. Menu Design-merchandising and Marketing. Boston: Chaners' Books International.
Shakespeare, William. 1951. The Complete Works, ed. Peter Alexander. London and Glasgow: Collins.
Shattuck, Roger. 1996. Forbidden Knowledge: From Prometheus to Pornography. New York: St Martin's Press.
Shaw, George B. 1946. Pygmalion. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Shem, Samuel. 1978. The House of God. New York: Dell.
Simons, Gary F. 1982. Word taboo and comparative Austronesian linguistics. In Papers from the Third International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, vol. 3: Accent on Variety, ed. Halim, Amran, Carrington, Lois and Wurm, Stephen A.. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, pp. 157–226.
Sloane, Patrick. 1999. Taste of the Vine. Melbourne Palate15: 7.
Smith, Neil V. 2002. Language, Banana sand Bonobos: Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Sontag, Susan. 1979. Illness as Metaphor. New York: Vintage.
Sontag, Susan. 1989. AIDS and Its Metaphors. New York: Farrar, Strauss, Giroux.
Spender, Dale. 1984. Defining reality: a powerful tool. In Language and Power, ed. Kramarae, Cheris, Schulz, Muriel and O'Barr, William M.. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, pp. 194–205.
Steiner, Franz B. 1967. Taboo, ed. Laura Bohannan. Harmondsworth: Penguin [First published 1956].
Stengers, Jean and Neck, Anne. 2001. Masturbation: The History of a Great Terror, trans. Kathryn A. Hoffmann. New York: Palgrave [First published 1998 as Histoire d'une grande peur, la masturbation].
Stephenson, John S. 1985. Death, Grief, and Mourning: Individual and Social Relations. New York: The Free Press.
Stern, Gustaf. 1965. Meaning and Change of Meaning (with Special Reference to the English Language). Bloomington: Indiana University Press [First published 1931].
Stewart, William. 1995. Cassell's Queer Companion. London: Cassell.
Stockwell, Robert and Minkova, Donka. 2001. English Words: History and Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stoddart, D. Michael. 1990. The Scented Ape: The Biology and Culture of Human Odour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Strom, K. A. (ed.). 1984. The Best of Attack! and National Vanguard Tabloid. Arlington: National Alliance.
Süskind, Patrick. 1986. Perfume: The Story of a Murderer. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Sutton-Smith, B. and Abrams, D.M.. 1978. Psychosexual material in stories told by children: the fucker. Archives of Sexual Behavior 7: 521–43.
Swift, Jonathan. 1712. A Proposal for Correcting, Improving, and Ascertaining the English tongue: in a letter to the most honourable Robert Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain. London: Benj. Tooke [Facsimile. Menston: Scolar Press. 1969].
Swift, Jonathan. 1958. Gulliver's Travels and Other Writings by Jonathan Swift, ed. Ricardo Quintana. New York: Random House [First published 1735].
Taavitsainen, Irma and Jucker, Andreas H., (eds.). 2003. Diachronic Perspectives on Address Term Systems. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Tacitus, Publius Cornelius. 1908. Tacitus, Historical Works, vol. 1: The Annals, trans. Arthur Murphy. London: J.M. Dent.
Tannahill, Reah. 1988. Food in History. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Ingrid. 2002. Robert Lowth and the strong verb system. Language Sciences 24: 459–70.
Toolan, Michael. 1989. Ruling out rules in the analysis of conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 13: 251–74.
Traugott, Elizabeth C. and Dasher, Richard B.. 2002. Regularity in Semantic Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Truss, Lynne. 2004. Eats, Shoots and Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Turner, G. 1884. Samoa a Hundred Years Ago and Long Before. London: Macmillan.
Twain, Mark. 1981. Roughing It. Harmondsworth: Penguin [Set from the first edition published by the American Publishing Company, Hartford, 1872].
Valenstein, Edward and Kenneth M. Heilman. 1979. Emotional disorders resulting from lesions of the central nervous system. In Clinical Neuropsychology, ed. Heilman, Kenneth M. and Valenstein, Edward. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 413–38.
Lancker, D. and Cummings, J.. 1999. Expletives: Neurolinguistics and neurobehavioral perspectives on swearing. Brain Research Reviews 31: 83–104.
Vining, Donald. 1986. How Can You Come Out If You've Never Been In?Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press.
Visser, Margaret. 1992. The Rituals of Dinner: The Origins, Evolution, Eccentricities and Meaning of Table Manners. London: Viking.
Vogan, A. J. 1890. The Black Police: A Story of Modern Australia. London: Hutchinson.
Wallian, Samuel S. 1906. Rhythmotherapy: A Discussion of the Physiologic Basis and Therapeutic Potency of Mechano-Vital Vibration, to Which is Added a Dictionary of Diseases and Suggestions as to the Technic of Vibratory Therapeutics. Chicago: Ouellette Press.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1986. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1999. Proper English: Myths and Misunderstandings about Language. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Watson, Lyall. 2000. Jacobson's Organ and the Remarkable Nature of Smell. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Watts, Richard J., Ide, Sachiko and Ehlich, Konrad (eds.). 1992. Politeness in Language: Studies in its History, Theory, and Practice. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Watts, Richard and Trudgill, Peter (eds.). 2002. Alternative Histories of English. London: Routledge.
Whitaker, Katie. 2002. Mad Madge: The Extraordinary Life of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, the First Woman to Live by her Pen. New York: Basic Books.
Wierzbicka, Anna. 1992. Semantics, Culture, and Cognition: Universal Human Concepts in Culture-specific Configurations. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wilson, J. K. 1995. The Myth of Political Correctness: the Conservative Attack on Higher Education. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Wolfram, W. and Fasold, Ralph W.. 1974. Social Dialects and American English. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Wundt, Wilhelm. 1927. Völkerpsychologie. 10 vols. 4th edn. Leipzig: Kröner.
Wyld, Henry C. 1936. A History of Modern Colloquial English. Oxford: Blackwell [First published 1920].
Yeats, William B. 1965. The Collected Poems of W.B. Yeats. London: Macmillan.
Zajonc, R.B. 1962. Response suppression in perceptual defense. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64: 206–14.
Zilbergeld, Bernard. 1978. Male Sexuality: A Guide to Sexual Fulfillment. New York: Bantam Books.
Zwicky, Ann and Zwicky, Arnold. 1981. America's national dish: the style of restaurant menus. American Speech 56: 83–92.
Zwicky, Arnold. 1997. Two lavendar issues for linguists. In Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, ed. Livia, Anna and Hall, Kira. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 21–34.
Zwicky, Arnold and Ann Zwicky. 1982. Register as a dimension of linguistic variation. In Sublanguage: Studies of Language in Restricted Semantic Domains, ed. Kittredge, Richard and Lehrberger, John. Berlin: De Gruyter, pp. 213–18.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.